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National Disaster Management Plan for Afghanistan

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National Disaster Management Plan for Afghanistan Aims of the NDMP To provide a system for effective and coordinated disaster preparedness and response through ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: National Disaster Management Plan for Afghanistan


1
National Disaster Management Plan for Afghanistan
2
Aims of the NDMP
  • To provide a system for effective and coordinated
    disaster preparedness and response through
    coordination of actions across different
    stakeholders and at various levels. It accounts
    for the current status of infrastructure
    available, institutional capacities and
    constitutional clarity in Afghanistan, and
    provides implementation of practical measures
    immediately.

3
The Plan Coverage
  • a. Operational context
  • Hazard, vulnerability and capacity profile
  • Role and Organisation of DDP
  • Institutional Framework of Operation
  • DM Policy
  • Preparedness and Response
  • Early warning
  • Rapid assessment and quick response
  • EOCs management and procedures
  • SOPs for major players

4
The Plan Coverage
  • c. Future direction
  • Future Road Map towards Sustainable Development
  • Mitigation Planning
  • National Training Facility
  • Risk Atlas
  • Public Awareness
  • National Disaster Management Fund
  • Manuals, Field Operations Guide
  • Dealing with Droughts
  • Code of Conduct
  • Building Codes and Standards
  • .

5
Appropriate Time
  • Law on Disaster Management Exists (30yrs)
  • At Present Large Scale Exercise of Nation
    Building is going on
  • The present juncture offers a historical
    opportunity for institutionalizing and
    mainstreaming disaster management in the
    development process for disaster resilient
    society

6
Approach
  • The plan deals with response for all disasters
    especially those requiring national level
    intervention SAR, shelter, medical care,etc
  • It is a guideline for immediate response
  • Contains checklist/form for immediate response
  • Focus on Response Actions the first phase for
    any emergency
  • Outline Responsibilities/activities and exact
    sequence of event to be followed after being
    triggered

7
Approach
  • It will lay out roles of the various agencies and
    departments
  • NDM Commission, DDP, Ministries of Defence,
    Interior, Commerce, Water Power,
    Communications, Agriculture, Public works,
    Health, Transport, RRD, Urban Development and
    Housing, Province and District Admin, UN,
    NGOs/INGOs, CBOs, IFRC/RC

8
Trigger Mechanism
  • Emergency quick response mechanism
  • At national level need a response structure
  • Response to any disaster shows emergency
    capability of any country
  • Receipt of signal of impending disaster activates
    response
  • Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) in which
    implementation of efforts on ground is well laid
    down.

9
L Concept
  • To clarify the different levels of response the
    NDMP defines that districts, provinces and
    national disasters will be classified as L1, L2,
    L3 disasters
  • Most disasters should be managed at L1 L2
  • Defines the different level of disaster in order
    to facilitate the assistance to the Province
  • All stakeholder will operate within the overall
    command of the EOC to ensure coordinated action,
    efficient coverage, minimise overlap
  • EOC will operate at national and provincial level
    initially and then to districts later

10
L 0 level
  • L0 level denotes normal times. Maybe utilized
    for close monitoring and preparatory activities,
    training and research, rehearsals, inventory
    update

11
L1 Level
  • Disaster can be managed at the district level
    where the Provincial and National government need
    to be on the ground and be ready, in case
    assistance is required.

12
L2 Level
  • Disaster situations are those that require
    assistance and active participation of provincial
    resources for the management and delivery of
    emergency resources
  • Central authority on standby to help

13
L3 Level
  • Disaster situation arises in case of large scale
    disasters that are beyond the capacity of the
    Province level to handle.
  • National government resources are mobilised and
    international community on standby ready to
    assist

14
Information and Decision Flow
15
Structure of National Disaster Management Plan
  • Three Parts
  • Part I Introduction, background
  • Part II National Disaster Preparedness
    Response Plan
  • Part III Road Map towards sustainable
  • development

16
Part I
  • Introduction, background
  • Context
  • Demographic Profile, Hazard Profile, National
    Development Framework
  • Planning Assumptions
  • Addressing the dilemma ground realities versus
    future possibilities
  • How much can be done against what should be done
    and in what time frame
  • Constitution, Legal Framework, Institutional
    Framework
  • Law
  • Strengthening and Restructuring of DDP
  • Task force in all provinces, support the governor
    coordinate..

17
Part II National Disaster Response Plan
  • Plan should address all stakeholders
  • Plan to be owned by all stakeholders
  • Plan to be a public document
  • Shift from Post Disaster Response to Pre Disaster
    response and Preparedness.

18
Response Preparedness
  • Seasonal
  • Review Meetings
  • All the year round
  • Regular Rehearsals Regular updates
  • Forecasting Early Warning
  • Identification of organizations and institutions
    for early warning
  • Stockpiling
  • Inventories

19
Response
  • During and After the Event
  • First 24 Hours
  • Next 48 Hours
  • Recovery

20
Emergency Operations Centre
  • Centralized Direction to control emergency
    response
  • Communication and warning
  • Coordinating overseas support and aid
  • Issue Emergency Information and Instructions
    specific to ministries and department /
    institutions

21
Emergency Support Functions
  • Communication
  • Transport
  • Health and Medical Care
  • Search and rescue
  • Food and Water
  • Shelter

22
Common to Preparedness Response
  • Hazard Vulnerability Analysis
  • Risk, Needs, Capacity Assessments
  • Identification of all Role Players
  • Primary Secondary
  • Disaster Information Management
  • EOC
  • Creation of Data

23
Approach and Methodology
  • Participatory
  • - consultation with large number of role players
    and stakeholders
  • - NDMP to be inclusive in nature
  • Learning from Global Experiences
  • Plan to evolve
  • - based on local context and needs
  • Plan to be owned by the government and people of
    Afghanistan

24
Annexures
  • Standard Operating Procedures
  • List of Resource Organizations
  • Name, Nature of Operations, Location of Offices,
    Resources available, Contact Details
  • Formats for Information Sharing
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