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Ecology

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Ecology The Biosphere: An Introduction to Earth s Diverse Environments Behavioral Adaptations to the Environment Population Ecology Communities and Ecosystems – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ecology


1
Ecology
The Biosphere An Introduction to Earths
Diverse Environments
Behavioral Adaptations to the Environment
Population Ecology
Communities and Ecosystems
Conservation Biology
100
100
100
100
100
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
400
400
400
400
400
500
500
500
500
500
FINAL ROUND
2
Biomes100 Question
  • The sum of all Earths ecosystems is called the
    ______________.
  • a. stratosphere
  • b. biome
  • c. biosphere
  • d. thermosphere

ANSWER
3
Biomes 100 Answer
  • The sum of all Earths ecosystems is called the
    ______________.
  • a. stratosphere
  • b. biome
  • c. biosphere
  • d. thermosphere

4
Biomes 200 Question
  • ___________ is credited with raising
    environmental awareness by writing the book
    Silent Spring.
  • a. E.O. Wilson
  • b. John Muir
  • c. Rachel Carson
  • d. Jane Goodall

ANSWER
5
Biomes 200 Answer
  • ___________ is credited with raising
    environmental awareness by writing the book
    Silent Spring.
  • a. E.O. Wilson
  • b. John Muir
  • c. Rachel Carson
  • d. Jane Goodall

6
Biomes 300 Question
  • _____________ are the driest of all terrestrial
    biomes.
  • a. Deserts
  • b. Temperate grasslands
  • c. Savannas
  • d. Coniferous forests

ANSWER
7
Biomes 300 Answer
  • _____________ are the driest of all terrestrial
    biomes.
  • a. Deserts
  • b. Temperate grasslands
  • c. Savannas
  • d. Coniferous forests

8
Biomes 400 Question
  • The greatest annual input and least seasonal
    variation in solar radiation takes place in the
    _______________.
  • a. tropics
  • b. polar regions
  • c. Northern Hemisphere
  • d. Southern Hemisphere

ANSWER
9
Biomes 400 Answer
  • The greatest annual input and least seasonal
    variation in solar radiation takes place in the
    _______________.
  • a. tropics
  • b. polar regions
  • c. Northern Hemisphere
  • d. Southern Hemisphere

10
Biomes 500 Question
  • Fresh water and seawater mix in a(n)
    _________________.
  • a. littoral zone
  • b. benthic zone
  • c. pelagic zone
  • d. estuary

ANSWER
11
Biomes 500 Answer
  • Fresh water and seawater mix in a(n)
    _________________.
  • a. littoral zone
  • b. benthic zone
  • c. pelagic zone
  • d. estuary

12
Behavioral Adaptations100 Question
  • _________________ has studied chimpanzees since
    the early 1960s and today works tirelessly to
    work for their conservation.
  • a. E.O. Wilson
  • b. Rachel Carson
  • c. Ariel Lugo
  • d. Jane Goodall

ANSWER
13
Behavioral Adaptations 100 Answer
  • _________________ has studied chimpanzees since
    the early 1960s and today works tirelessly to
    work for their conservation.
  • a. E.O. Wilson
  • b. Rachel Carson
  • c. Ariel Lugo
  • d. Jane Goodall

14
Behavioral Adaptations 200 Question
  • When a nipple is placed in a newborn babys
    mouth, the infant will immediately begin to
    suckle. This is an example of ____________.
  • a. imitation
  • b. innate behavior
  • c. imprinted behavior
  • d. habituation

ANSWER
15
Behavioral Adaptations 200 Answer
  • When a nipple is placed in a newborn babys
    mouth, the infant will immediately begin to
    suckle. This is an example of ____________.
  • a. imitation
  • b. innate behavior
  • c. imprinted behavior
  • d. habituation

16
Behavioral Adaptations 300 Question
  • When you successfully study with the stereo on in
    the background, you are demonstrating _________.
  • a. habituation
  • b. imprinting
  • c. association
  • d. imitation

ANSWER
17
Behavioral Adaptations 300 Answer
  • When you successfully study with the stereo on in
    the background, you are demonstrating _________.
  • a. habituation
  • b. imprinting
  • c. association
  • d. imitation

18
Behavioral Adaptations 400 Question
  • The modification of behavior based upon specific
    experiences defines ___________.
  • a. learning
  • b. habituation
  • c. conditioning
  • d. imprinting

ANSWER
19
Behavioral Adaptations 400 Answer
  • The modification of behavior based upon specific
    experiences defines ___________.
  • a. learning
  • b. habituation
  • c. conditioning
  • d. imprinting

20
Behavioral Adaptations 500 Question
  • A grayling butterfly will normally fly toward the
    sun. This is an example of __________.
  • a. migration
  • b. phototropism
  • c. taxis
  • d. kinesis

ANSWER
21
Behavioral Adaptations 500 Answer
  • A grayling butterfly will normally fly toward the
    sun. This is an example of __________.
  • a. migration
  • b. phototropism
  • c. taxis
  • d. kinesis

22
Population Ecology 100 Question
  • A group of individuals of a single species that
    occupies the same general area defines a(n)
    ______________.
  • a. population
  • b. community
  • c. ecosystem
  • d. biome

ANSWER
23
Population Ecology 100 Answer
  • A group of individuals of a single species that
    occupies the same general area defines a(n)
    ______________.
  • a. population
  • b. community
  • c. ecosystem
  • d. biome

24
Population Ecology 200 Question
  • Assume that there are 5 alligators per hectare in
    a swamp in northern Florida. This is a measure
    of the alligator populations ____________.
  • a. range
  • b. density
  • c. dispersion
  • d. intrinsic rate of increase

ANSWER
25
Population Ecology 200 Answer
  • Assume that there are 5 alligators per hectare in
    a swamp in northern Florida. This is a measure
    of the alligator populations ____________.
  • a. range
  • b. density
  • c. dispersion
  • d. intrinsic rate of increase

26
Population Ecology 300 Question
  • The maximum number of individuals a habitat can
    support indefinitely is called the
    ________________.
  • a. community size
  • b. reproductive potential
  • c. population growth
  • d. carrying capacity

ANSWER
27
Population Ecology 300 Answer
  • The maximum number of individuals a habitat can
    support indefinitely is called the
    ________________.
  • a. community size
  • b. reproductive potential
  • c. population growth
  • d. carrying capacity

28
Population Ecology 400 Question
  • What will be the approximate shape of the
    age-structure diagram of a decreasing population?
  • a. an hourglass
  • b. an inverted pyramid
  • c. a circle
  • d. an upright pyramid

ANSWER
29
Population Ecology 400 Answer
  • What will be the approximate shape of the
    age-structure diagram of a decreasing population?
  • a. an hourglass
  • b. an inverted pyramid
  • c. a circle
  • d. an upright pyramid

30
Population Ecology 500 Question
  • The type of growth illustrated by the human race
    during the past 2,000 years is _________.
  • a. exponential
  • b. logistic
  • c. linear
  • d. z-shaped

ANSWER
31
Population Ecology 500 Answer
  • The type of growth illustrated by the human race
    during the past 2,000 years is _________.
  • a. exponential
  • b. logistic
  • c. linear
  • d. z-shaped

32
Communities and Ecosystems100 Question
  • The feeding relationships among the species of a
    community is the communitys ______________.
  • a. niche
  • b. diversity
  • c. trophic structure
  • d. richness

ANSWER
33
Communities and Ecosystems 100 Answer
  • The feeding relationships among the species of a
    community is the communitys ______________.
  • a. niche
  • b. diversity
  • c. trophic structure
  • d. richness

34
Communities and Ecosystems 200 Question
  • A community is composed of ___________.
  • a. one species of organism living in one
    particular environment
  • b. living organisms and their nonliving
    environment
  • c. all the factors that constitute an organisms
    niche
  • d. potentially interacting populations of
    different species of organisms

ANSWER
35
Communities and Ecosystems 200 Answer
  • A community is composed of ___________.
  • a. one species of organism living in one
    particular environment
  • b. living organisms and their nonliving
    environment
  • c. all the factors that constitute an organisms
    niche
  • d. potentially interacting populations of
    different species of organisms

36
Communities and Ecosystems 300 Question
  • The sum total of a species use of the biotic and
    abiotic resources of its habitat constitutes its
    _________________.
  • a. environment
  • b. niche
  • c. range
  • d. distribution

ANSWER
37
Communities and Ecosystems 300 Answer
  • The sum total of a species use of the biotic and
    abiotic resources of its habitat constitutes its
    _________________.
  • a. environment
  • b. niche
  • c. range
  • d. distribution

38
Communities and Ecosystems 400 Question
  • Coevolution is an outcome of ___________ between
    two species.
  • a. competitive exclusion
  • b. niche compartmentalization
  • c. resource partitioning
  • d. reciprocal adaptation

ANSWER
39
Communities and Ecosystems 400 Answer
  • Coevolution is an outcome of ___________ between
    two species.
  • a. competitive exclusion
  • b. niche compartmentalization
  • c. resource partitioning
  • d. reciprocal adaptation

40
Communities and Ecosystems 500 Question
  • What generally flows in one direction through an
    ecosystem, from producers up through each level
    of consumers, and is not recycled?
  • a. water
  • b. carbon
  • c. sunlight
  • d. energy

ANSWER
41
Communities and Ecosystems 500 Answer
  • What generally flows in one direction through an
    ecosystem, from producers up through each level
    of consumers, and is not recycled?
  • a. water
  • b. carbon
  • c. sunlight
  • d. energy

42
Conservation Biology100 Question
  • Today, the single greatest threat to biodiversity
    is _________________.
  • a. global warming
  • b. primary succession
  • c. exotic species introduction
  • d. habitat destruction

ANSWER
43
Conservation Biology 100 Answer
  • Today, the single greatest threat to biodiversity
    is _________________.
  • a. global warming
  • b. primary succession
  • c. exotic species introduction
  • d. habitat destruction

44
Conservation Biology 200 Question
  • What percentage of the prescriptions dispensed by
    U.S. pharmacies contains substances derived from
    plants?
  • a. 25
  • b. 30
  • c. 50
  • d. 75

ANSWER
45
Conservation Biology 200 Answer
  • What percentage of the prescriptions dispensed by
    U.S. pharmacies contains substances derived from
    plants?
  • a. 25
  • b. 30
  • c. 50
  • d. 75

46
Conservation Biology 300 Question
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) __________.
  • a. are used as pesticides
  • b. are a useful energy source
  • c. add to acid rain
  • d. deplete the ozone layer

ANSWER
47
Conservation Biology 300 Answer
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) __________.
  • a. are used as pesticides
  • b. are a useful energy source
  • c. add to acid rain
  • d. deplete the ozone layer

48
Conservation Biology 400 Question
  • Burning fossil fuels and deforestation have
    resulted in an increase in the concentration of
    ______ in the atmosphere, which may be causing
    the global climate to change.
  • a. CO2
  • b. O3
  • c. NO2
  • d. DDT

ANSWER
49
Conservation Biology 400 Answer
  • Burning fossil fuels and deforestation have
    resulted in an increase in the concentration of
    ______ in the atmosphere, which may be causing
    the global climate to change.
  • a. CO2
  • b. O3
  • c. NO2
  • d. DDT

50
Conservation Biology 500 Question
  • Kangaroos are found only in Australia. Thus,
    kangaroos are said to be ____________ to
    Australia.
  • a. extirpative
  • b. exotic
  • c. endemic
  • d. alien

ANSWER
51
Conservation Biology 500 Answer
  • Kangaroos are found only in Australia. Thus,
    kangaroos are said to be ____________ to
    Australia.
  • a. extirpative
  • b. exotic
  • c. endemic
  • d. alien

52
FINAL ROUND Question
  • A sperm whale in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean
    is in which oceanic zone?
  • a. intertidal
  • b. pelagic
  • c. benthic
  • d. neritic

ANSWER
53
FINAL ROUND Answer
  • A sperm whale in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean
    is in which oceanic zone?
  • a. intertidal
  • b. pelagic
  • c. benthic
  • d. neritic
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