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World History

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World History Goal 1 The Historian s Toolbox – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World History


1
World History
  • Goal 1
  • The Historians Toolbox

2
Goal 1
  • The learner will recognize, use and evaluate the
    methods and tools valued by historians, compare
    the views of historians and trace the themes of
    history.

3
Objective 1.01
  • Define history and the concepts of cause and
    effect, time, continuity and perspective

4
Goal 1 Essential Question
  • How can I use the tools of the social sciences to
    understand the effects of world history on my
    life today?

5
Objective 1.01 Essential Questions
  • What is history and why should we be interested
    in and study other cultures?
  • How and why does history influence mankind?
  • How do historians use cause and effect to explore
    history?

6
History
  • Student Definition
  • Definitions
  • The aggregate of past events
  • A record or narrative description of past events
  • The discipline that records and interprets past
    events involving human beings
  • The continuum of events occurring in succession
    leading from the past to the present and even
    into the future
  • All that is remembered of the past as preserved
    in writing

7
Cause and effect
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Two events that are related when one
    event makes the other occur. The event that
    happens first is the cause the event that
    follows is the effect.
  • Examples Al Qaeda's hatred of US policies -
    9/11- Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

8
Continuity
  • Student Definition
  • Definitions Uninterrupted connection or union
  • The property of a continuous and connected period
    of time
  • Examples Recorded time is one continuous
    interconnected period of time

9
Time
  • Student Definition
  • Definitions The continuum of experience in which
    events pass from the past through the present to
    the future
  • An exact moment
  • An era or period

10
Perspective
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Position a way of regarding
    situations or topics, etc.
  • Examples Your view on the school rules, My view
    of what is important in life vs. yours, etc.

11
Documents
  • Student Definition
  • Definition A document is a bounded physical
    representation of body of information designed
    with the capacity (and usually intent) to
    communicate.
  • Examples diary, journal, newspaper article,
    letter, e-mail, web page, etc.

12
Epigraphs
  • Student Definition
  • Definition A quotation at the beginning of some
    piece of writing
  • An engraved inscription
  • Examples Hieroglyphics, Cuneiforms, Sanskrit

13
Multiple causation
  • Student Definition
  • Definition The belief that events occur in
    predictable ways and that many events leads to
    others or can be the cause of one big event
  • Examples There is never just 1 reason wars begin

14
Periodization
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Periodization is the attempt to
    categorize or divide time into named blocks. The
    result is a descriptive abstraction that provides
    a useful handle on periods of time with
    relatively stable characteristics.
  • Examples Ice Age, Great Depression, World War II

15
Objective 1.01 Review
  • What is history and why should we be interested
    in and study other cultures?
  • How and why does history influence mankind?
  • How do historians use cause and effect to explore
    history?

16
Objective 1.02
  • Analyze and interpret primary and secondary
    sources to compare views, trace themes and detect
    bias

17
Objective 1.02 Essential Questions
  • How does bias influence the study of history?
  • How do historians use primary and secondary
    sources?

18
Bias
  • Student Definition
  • Definition A partiality that prevents objective
    consideration of an issue or situation
  • Examples A Nazi Camp Guards account of the
    conditions of a concentration camp

19
Primary Source
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Also called an original source is a
    document, recording or other source of
    information, such as a paper or a picture for
    instance, that was created at the time being
    studied, by an authoritative source
  • Examples Diary of Anne Frank, George
    Washingtons Farewell Address

20
Secondary Source
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Are works that are based on analysis
    of primary sources, such as textbooks,
    biographies, nonfiction books about history and
    monographs. Many secondary sources in history
    include quotations from primary sources or
    illustrations that constitute primary sources.
  • Examples Your Textbook, History Channel
    programs, etc.

21
Epics
  • Student Definition
  • Definition An extended narrative poem in
    elevated or dignified language, celebrating the
    feats of a deity or demigod (heroic epic) or
    other legendary or traditional hero
  • Examples Illiad, Odyssey

22
Graphics
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Are visual presentations on some
    surface, such as a wall, canvas, computer screen,
    paper, or stone to brand
  • Examples Neanderthal Mans cave drawings, Minoan
    frescoes, Michelangelos paintings

23
Literature
  • Student Definition
  • Definition The body of all written works The
    collected creative writing of a nation, people,
    group, or culture
  • Examples American literature, British
    literature, etc.

24
Oral History
  • Student Definition
  • Definition A verbal reminicense or description
    of past events or experiences
  • Examples Grandpas war stories, Dads high
    school football stories, etc.

25
Sagas
  • Student Definition
  • Definition A narrative telling the adventures of
    a hero or a family
  • Examples Similar to epics, but came later in
    history

26
Objective 1.02 Review
  • How does bias influence the study of history?
  • How do historians use primary and secondary
    sources?

27
Objective 1.03
  • Relate archaeology, geography, anthropology,
    political science, sociology and economics to the
    study of history

28
Objective 1.03 Essential Questions
  • What skills and sciences help us uncover the
    past?
  • What principles do historians use to make
    reasonable inferences about the past?

29
Anthropology
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Anthropology is a science of
    humankind. Anthropology focuses on human
    characteristics generated and propagated by
    humans themselves.
  • Examples It studies tools, techniques,
    traditions, language, beliefs, kinships, values,
    social institutions, economic mechanisms,
    cravings for beauty and art, struggles for
    prestige.

30
Archaeology
  • Student Definition
  • Definition Archaeology is the study of the human
    past.
  • Examples Archaeology studies human history from
    the development of the first stone tools in
    eastern Africa 3.4 million years ago up until
    recent decades.

31
Artifacts
  • Student Definition
  • Definition a handmade object, as a tool, or the
    remains of one, as a shard of pottery,
    characteristic of an earlier time or cultural
    stage, especially such an object found at an
    archaeological excavation.
  • Examples Artifacts of the pop rock generation.

32
Economics
  • Student Definition
  • Definition the science that deals with the
    production, distribution, and consumption of
    goods and services, or the material welfare of
    humankind.
  • Examples the social science concerned with the
    production and consumption of goods and services

33
Geography
  • Student Definition
  • Definition the study of the natural features of
    the earth's surface, including topography,
    climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's
    response to them
  • Examples Map

34
Political Science
  • Student Definition
  • Definition A social science dealing with
    political institutions and with the principles
    and conduct of government.
  • Examples The study of the state, government, and
    politics.

35
Sociology
  • Student Definition
  • Definition The scientific study of human social
    behavior and its origins, development,
    organizations, and institutions.
  • Examples Sociologists study the organization,
    institutions, and development of societies, with
    a particular interest in identifying causes of
    the changing relationships among individuals and
    groups.

36
  • Dates are based on the birth of Christ.
  • B.C. Before the birth of Christ.
  • 1st century B.C. means the first century before
    Christ. Counting backwards, which are the years
    100-1 B.C. The 6th century B.C. is 600-501 B.C.

37
  • A.D. Anno Domini Latin for in the year of
    our Lord. After the birth of Christ.
  • The 20th century A.D. includes the years A.D.
    1901-2000.
  • BCE Before the Common Era B.C.
  • CE Common Era A.D.

38
Objective 1.03 Review
  • What skills and sciences help us uncover the
    past?
  • What principles do historians use to make
    reasonable inferences about the past?

39
Objective 1.04
  • Define the 5 themes of history and relate them to
    the study of history

40
Objective 1.04 Essential Question
  • What aspects of human life do historians study?

41
Society
  • Student Definition
  • Definition
  • Examples

42
Technology
  • Student Definition
  • Definition
  • Examples

43
Economics
  • Student Definition
  • Definition
  • Examples

44
Politics
  • Student Definition
  • Definition
  • Examples

45
Culture
  • Student Definition
  • Definition
  • Examples

46
Objective 1.04 Review
  • What aspects of human life do historians study?

47
Goal 1 Review
  • How can I use the tools of the social sciences to
    understand the effects of world history on my
    life today?
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