The Work Environment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Work Environment


The Work Environment – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Work Environment

The Work Environment
Changes to the work environment
  • Over the past 30 40 years the way that people
    work has changed.
  • Most people used to work traditional 9-5 hours
    5 days a week
  • Nowadays there are far more flexible working
    patterns in place to fit in with modern

Reasons for changes
  • Changes in society
  • More women returning to work after having
  • More people setting up their own business
  • More people choosing to work part time
  • Introduction of IT allows people to work away
    from the office

Flexible working patterns
  • Full time people working around a 37-40 hour
  • Part Time any job which has less than 37 hours
    a week allows people to fit in other activities
    such as family or studying
  • Flexitime employees can choose when they work
    as long as they work their contracted hours.
    There will be core hours when all employees must
    be at work eg 10 am-12 noon and 2 pm -4 pm. If
    more than contracted hours worked in a week then
    staff can build up these hours for a day off

Flexible working patterns cont
  • Job Share when 2 people share one job
    splitting the hours between them. The hours can
    be split to suit the individuals doing the job.
    It is important that they keep in touch so that
    each knows what the other is doing.
  • Home working employees are able to complete
    work from home saves time on travelling and
    allows them to fit the job in with their
  • Teleworking employees are able to work away
    from the office they can stay in touch via
    technology eg email, mobile phone, webcams

Flexible working patterns cont
  • Hot desking if there are many employees working
    away from the office there is no need to have a
    desk for each person. There will be desks
    available to book for staff members (who usually
    work away) to make use of if necessary. There
    will usually be a phone and a PC to enable staff
    to access their work.
  • Touchdown areas similar to hot desking but they
    do not need to be booked employee may just need
    to pop in to send an email it may just be a
    seating area with wi-fi connection.
  • Career breaks some organisations offer career
    breaks eg women having time out to have a family.
    The length of the break varies from one
    organisation to another.
  • Non-paid leave an employee may be allowed to
    take a certain amount of time off but will not
    receive any pay.

Benefits of flexible working patterns - employees
  • Happier workforce as they have more freedom and a
    degree of choice in when to work
  • Improves their work-life balance enables them
    to enjoy family life etc
  • Reduces stress levels
  • People who may not usually be able to work can do
    so easily eg people with disabilities can work
    from home
  • Less travelling for employees

Benefits of flexible working patterns - employers
  • Happy work force produces better quality goods or
  • Employees more likely to stay with a company if
    they are happy so reduces cost of recruiting
    and training staff
  • Less absenteeism and staff can make appointments
    outside working hours due to flexitime
  • Less office space is needed so saves on rent
  • Can attract best employees to the organisation

Contract of Employment
  • The Employment Rights Act 1996 requires that each
    employee should be given a contract with the
    company for more than one month. The contract
    should include
  • The name and address of the employer and employee
  • The job title
  • The start date
  • Hours of work
  • Pay details the amount and the date of payment
  • Holiday entitlement
  • Sickness benefits
  • Pension details
  • Grievance/disciplinary procedures
  • Amount of notice to be given if employee decides
    to leave

Types of contract
  • Temporary there is no definite end date for the
    job may be useful for to give an employee a
    trial period and if they are any good they may be
    made permanent. May be useful to use this
    contract to employ people for only busy times in
    the company.
  • Permanent has no end date and is a secure job
    it will last until the employee decides to leave
    or until the organisation makes them redundant
  • Fixed term has a definite start and finish date
    often used for a specific project and until
    that project is finished
  • Full time full time contract in the UK is 37.5
  • Part time is an employee working less than the
    full time 37.5 hours