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Possessive adjectives

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Possessive Adjectives (Los adjetivos posesivos) mi tu su nuestro vuestro su (s) (s) (s) os, (a, as) os, (a, as) (s) These are two-form adjectives, which agree only in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Possessive adjectives


1
Possessive Adjectives
(Los adjetivos posesivos)
2
The unstressed possessive adjectives
Here is an overview of all the possessive
adjectives.
  • mi

nuestro
(s)
os,
(a,
as)
tu
vuestro
os,
(a,
as)
(s)
su
su
(s)
(s)
These are four-form adjectives, which agree in
number and gender.
These are two-form adjectives, which agree only
in number.
3
The unstressed possessive adjectives
(the ones that always occur before a noun)
The possessive adjectives that are used with a
masculine singular noun are as follows
mi
nuestro
(our)
(my)
tu
vuestro
(your, fam., pl.)
(your, fam., sing.)
su
su
(your, form., sing.)
(your, form., pl.)
(his)
(their)
(her)
It is important to keep in mind that possessive
adjectives agree with the thing or things
possessednot with the possessor.
4
The unstressed possessive adjectives
How would we say . . . ?
I have my book.
mi
libro.
Yo tengo
You have your notebook. (fam.)
tú you
Tú tienes
cuaderno.
tu
tu your
You have your pencil. (form.)
Ud. tiene
lápiz.
su
He has his hat.
Él tiene
sombrero.
su
She has her watch.
Ella tiene
reloj.
su
5
The unstressed possessive adjectives
We have our car.
carro.
Nosotros tenemos
nuestro
You have your document. (fam. pl.)
Vosotros tenéis
documento.
vuestro
You have your horse. (form. pl.)
Uds. tienen
caballo.
su
They (masc.) have their dog.
Ellos tienen
perro.
su
They (fem.) have their paper.
Ellas tienen
papel.
su
6
The unstressed possessive adjectives
The possessive adjectives that are used with a
feminine singular noun are as follows
mi
nuestra
(our)
(my)
tu
vuestra
(your, fam., pl.)
(your, fam., sing.)
su
su
(your, form., sing.)
(your, form., pl.)
(his)
(their)
(her)
Notice that the only forms that differ from
masculine singular are nuestra and vuestra.
7
The unstressed possessive adjectives
How would we say . . . ?
I have my pen.
mi
pluma.
Yo tengo
You have your shirt. (fam.)
Tú tienes
camisa.
tu
You have your camera. (form.)
Ud. tiene
cámara.
su
He has his cup.
Él tiene
taza.
su
She has her blouse.
Ella tiene
blusa.
su
8
The unstressed possessive adjectives
We have our bicycle.
bicicleta.
Nosotros tenemos
nuestra
You have your suitcase. (fam. pl.)
Vosotros tenéis
maleta.
vuestra
You have your fruit. (form. pl.)
Uds. tienen
fruta.
su
They (masc.) have their house.
Ellos tienen
casa.
su
They (fem.) have their computer.
Ellas tienen
computadora.
su
9
The unstressed possessive adjectives
The possessive adjectives that are used with a
masculine plural noun are as follows
mis
nuestros
(our)
(my)
tus
vuestros
(your, fam., pl.)
(your, fam., sing.)
sus
sus
(your, form., sing.)
(your, form., pl.)
(his)
(their)
(her)
10
The unstressed possessive adjectives
How would we say . . . ?
I have my books.
mis
libros.
Yo tengo
You have your notebooks. (fam.)
Tú tienes
cuadernos.
tus
You have your pencils. (form.)
Ud. tiene
lápices.
sus
He has his hats.
Él tiene
sombreros.
sus
She has her watches.
Ella tiene
relojes.
sus
11
The unstressed possessive adjectives
We have our cars.
carros.
Nosotros tenemos
nuestros
You have your documents. (fam. pl.)
Vosotros tenéis
documentos.
vuestros
You have your horses. (form. pl.)
Uds. tienen
caballos.
sus
They (masc.) have their dogs.
Ellos tienen
perros.
sus
They (fem.) have their papers.
Ellas tienen
papeles.
sus
12
The unstressed possessive adjectives
The possessive adjectives that are used with a
feminine plural noun are as follows
mis
nuestras
(our)
(my)
tus
vuestras
(your, fam., pl.)
(your, fam., sing.)
sus
sus
(your, form., sing.)
(your, form., pl.)
(his)
(their)
(her)
Notice that the only forms that differ from
masculine plural are nuestras and vuestras.
13
The unstressed possessive adjectives
How would we say . . . ?
I have my pens.
mis
plumas.
Yo tengo
You have your shirts. (fam.)
Tú tienes
camisas.
tus
You have your cameras. (form.)
Ud. tiene
cámaras.
sus
He has his cups.
Él tiene
tazas.
sus
She has her blouses.
Ella tiene
blusas.
sus
14
The unstressed possessive adjectives
We have our bicycles.
bicicletas.
Nosotros tenemos
nuestras
You have your suitcases. (fam. pl.)
Vosotros tenéis
maletas.
vuestras
You have your fruits. (form. pl.)
Uds. tienen
frutas.
sus
They (masc.) have their houses.
Ellos tienen
casas.
sus
They (fem.) have their computers.
Ellas tienen
computadoras.
sus
15
Find the possessive adjectives translate the
adjective/noun
16
The unstressed possessive adjectives
The prepositional forms that can accompany or
replace the possessive adjectives are as follows
  • mi

nuestro
a,
(os,
as)
(s)
de mí
de nosotros/as
tu
vuestro
(s)
a,
(os,
as)
de ti
de vosotros/as
su
su
(s)
(s)
de él
de ellos
de ella
de ellas
de usted
de ustedes
These are used for clarification or emphasis.
An example is shown on the following slide.
17
An example of possible confusion
A student says to the teacher
Profesor, Steven no encuentra el libro de español,
y Alice no tiene el libro de álgebra.
The teacher answers
Su libro está en la mochila,
y su libro
está en mi escritorio.
To avoid confusion, a better answer would be
El libro de él (de Steven) está en la mochila,
y el libro de ella (de Alice) está en mi
escritorio.
18
  • De
  • used as an indicator of possession

The construction de noun can also be used to
indicate possession.
Raúls book is interesting.
The format in Spanish is as follows
El libro de Raúl es interesante.
We use a definite article with the thing
possessed.
Then de.
And then the possessor.
We never use an apostrophe in Spanish to express
possession.
19
de el del
Es la pluma d
el profesor Gómez.
e
The oral link, or enlace, between de and el is
reflected in the written merging of the two . . .
But . . .
Es la pluma de la profesora Pérez.
Notice also . . .
La pluma es de ella?
No, es la pluma de él.
We do not combine de and él (him).
20
3-10 Create possessive phrases for the five of
the following
21
FIN
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