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Module A

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Title: Module A


1
Firefighter III
  • Module A
  • Personal Safety (4-3)

2
3-4.1. Identify applicable local,
state/provincial and federal laws and regulations
related to occupational health and safety
(4-3.1)
  • 1. Laws and regulations
  • a) Federal
  • i) Occupational Safety and Health
    Administration (OSHA)
  • (1) Individuals must have physicals
    before wearing SCBA.
  • (2) Individuals must be properly trained
    before doing the task they are assigned.
  • ii) OSHA 1910.120
  • (1)   Individuals must be trained to
    appropriate level.
  • (2)   Incident commander must be trained
    to the same level as the incident.
  • (3)   Physicals must be performed on all
    members.
  • iii) OSHA (bloodborne pathogens)
  • (1)   Must be provided a plan to deal
    with bloodborne pathogens.
  • (2)   Must provide immunizations for
    personnel.
  • (3)   Must provide protective equipment.

3
3-4.1. Identify applicable local,
state/provincial and federal laws and regulations
related to occupational health and safety
(4-3.1)
  • OSHA's MissionOver 100 Million Workers Count On
    OSHAThe mission of the Occupational Safety and
    Health Administration (OSHA) is to save lives,
    prevent injuries and protect the health of
    America's workers. To accomplish this, federal
    and state governments must work in partnership
    with the more than 100 million working men and
    women and their six and a half million employers
    who are covered by the Occupational Safety and
    Health Act of 1970.

4
3-4.1. Identify applicable local,
state/provincial and federal laws and regulations
related to occupational health and safety
(4-3.1)
  • 2)      State
  • i) Federal OSHA laws enforced by Illinois
    Department of Labor.
  • The mission of the Illinois Department of Labor
    is to promote and protect the rights, wages,
    welfare, working conditions, safety and health of
    Illinois workers through enforcement of the state
    labor laws, to safeguard the public through
    regulation of amusement rides, and to ensure
    compliance with all other labor standards.

5
3-4.1. Identify applicable local,
state/provincial and federal laws and regulations
related to occupational health and safety
(4-3.1)
  • 3) Local
  • i) Many departments are complying with the
    guidelines presented in NFPA 1500.

6
3-4.2. Identify the essential components of, and
responsibility for, a comprehensive fire
department safety program
  • Safety program
  • a) Objective to carefully analyze, evaluate, and
    correct those factors, which cause accidents.
  • b) Responsibility
  • i) Chief is responsible for development and
    implementation of program.
  • ii) All members of organization are
    responsible for following the program.

7
3-4.2. Identify the essential components of, and
responsibility for, a comprehensive fire
department safety program
  • 1) Safety (cont.)
  • c) Components (NFPA 1582,1583)
  • i) Physical fitness and health
    considerations
  • (1) Physical fitness program.
  • (2) Cardiovascular training.
  • FEMA/US Fire Administration Heart Attack
    Leading Cause of Death For Firefighters (40-47
    Annually)
  • If you choose Firefighting, you lose the
    right to be Unfit! By Chief John
    Kachanuk, Havana Fire Department
  • (3) Muscle training.
  • (4) Back injury prevention.
  • (5) Nutrition.
  • (6) Effects of cigarette smoking.

8
3-4.2. Identify the essential components of, and
responsibility for, a comprehensive fire
department safety program
  • 2) Fire Ground Safety
  • a) Standard Operating Procedures.
  • b) Incident Command System.
  • c) Personnel Accountability System.
  • d) Procedures for controlling building utility
    services.

9
  • Procedures for controlling building utility
    services.

10
Incident Command
11
3-4.2. Identify the essential components of, and
responsibility for, a comprehensive fire
department safety program
  • 3. Tool and Equipment Safety
  • a) Eye and face protection.
  • b) Hearing protection.
  • c) Procedures for safe use of tools.

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3-4.2. Identify the essential components of, and
responsibility for, a comprehensive fire
department safety program
  • 4. Apparatus safety
  • a) Riding
  • b) Mounting
  • c) Dismounting
  • d) Daily,weekly and
  • monthly inspections

29
Buckle Up Its the Law NFPA 1500
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3-4.2. Identify the essential components of, and
responsibility for, a comprehensive fire
department safety program
  • 5. Station safety
  • a) Hazardous conditions.
  • b) Unsafe equipment or practices.

33
3-4.2. Identify the essential components of, and
responsibility for, a comprehensive fire
department safety program
  • 6. Training safety
  • a) Drill procedures.
  • b) Maintaining and servicing equipment.

34
3-4.3. Identify driving techniques, which provide
for the safety of personnel and apparatus enroute
to and returning from emergency and non-emergency
responses
  • 1. Traffic safety law
  • a) Illinois vehicle code.
  • b) Maintaining and servicing equipment.

35
3-4.3. Identify driving techniques, which provide
for the safety of personnel and apparatus enroute
to and returning from emergency and non-emergency
responses
  • 2. Safe driving practices
  • a) Proper attitude.
  • b) Defensive driving technique
  • i) Anticipate other drivers actions
  • (1) Just because the law requires motorists to
  • yield, doesnt mean they will.
  • (2) Intersections are the most likely place to
    have an accident.
  • (a) Slow down so vehicle can be stopped if
    necessary.
  • (b) If obstructions are present, come to a
    complete stop.

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Firefighter Jeffrey Bergstrom
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3-4.3. Identify driving techniques, which provide
for the safety of personnel and apparatus enroute
to and returning from emergency and non-emergency
responses
  • b) Defensive driving technique (cont)
  • i) Anticipate other drivers actions (cont)
  • (3)   Watch traffic waiting to make
    left-hand turn.
  • (4)   Realize that warning devices may not
    be heard by other motorists.
  • (5)   Control factors
  • (a)    Aim high in steering- find a safe
    patch well ahead.
  • (b)   Get the big picture- stay back and
    see it all.
  • (c)    Keep your eyes moving- scan do
    not stare.
  • (d)   Leave yourself and out and be
    prepared by expecting the unexpected.
  • (e)    Make sure others can see and hear
    you- use lights, horns and signals in
    combinations.

43
b) Defensive driving technique (cont)
  • ii) Visual lead time
  • (1) Interacts with reaction time and stopping
    distances.
  • (2) Aim high in steering and Get the big
    picture.
  • iii) Braking time and reaction time
  • (1)   Speed affects stopping distances.
  • (2)   Total stopping distance Reaction
    distance Vehicle breaking distance.

44
b) Defensive driving technique (cont)
  • iv) Combating skids
  • (1)   Causes
  • (a) Driving too fast for road conditions.
  • (b) Failing to anticipate weight shifts of
    heavy apparatus.
  • (c) Failing to anticipate obstacles.

45
b) Defensive driving technique (cont)
  • (2)   If vehicle goes into skid
  • (a)    Release brakes.
  • (b)   Steer wheels in direction of skid.
  • (c)    Let up on accelerator gradually.
  • (d)   Once skid is controlled, gradually apply
    power.

46
(2)   If vehicle goes into skid (cont)
  • (e)    Evasive tactics
  • (i) Anticipation is the key to defensive
    driving.
  • (ii) Pass stopped vehicles on the left side.
  • (iii) During and evasive maneuver
  • 1. Keep hands on wheel.
  • 2. do not lead or sway.
  • 3. Use arms to steer.
  • 4. Look ahead and concentrate.
  • 5. Generally braking should be avoided.

47
(2)   If vehicle goes into skid (cont)
  • (f) Knowledge of weight transfer
  • (i) Results because of
  • 1. Objects in motion tend to stay in
    motion.
  • 2. Objects in rest tent to stay in rest.
  • (ii) Change in speed or direction results in
    weight transfer relative to severity of change.
  • (iii) Weight of vehicle can contribute to skids
    or vehicle roll over.

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b) Defensive driving technique (cont)
  • v) Adverse Weather
  • (1) Rain or ice makes roads slippery.
  • (2) Certain areas may become slippery
  • (a) Bridge surfaces.
  • (b) Northern slopes of hills.
  • (c) Shaded spots.
  • (d)   Areas with snow blowing across
    roadway.

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3-4.5. Identify the special hazards associated
with firefighting and other emergency operations
involving the following
  • 3-4.5.1 Electrical distribution systems and
    equipment
  • 1. Electrical shock from contact with an
    energized source
  • a)      Power lines.
  • b)      Fuse or breaker panels.
  • c)      Building wiring.
  • d)      Electrical appliances.
  • 2. Safety precautions
  • a)      Assume all power sources are energized.
  • b)      Notify power company as soon as there is
    a hazard.
  • c)      Do not use solid or straight streams when
    electrical hazard is present.
  • d)      Exercise extreme caution when using
    ladders around electrical hazards.

Question T/F Treat all wires as live and high
voltage?
53
3-4.5. Identify the special hazards associated
with firefighting and other emergency operations
involving the following
  • 3-4.5.2. Radiological problems
  • 1. Cerebral Radiation Syndrome
  • a)  Always fatal.
  • b)  Caused by very high total body dose.
  • c)  Characterized by neurological symptoms.
  • d)  Death occurs within a few hours of exposure.
  • 2. Gastrointestinal Syndrome
  • a) Characterized by
  • i) Nausea.
  • ii) Vomiting.
  • iii) Diarrhea.
  • b) May cause dehydration.
  • c)  Death usually occurs with in two or three
    weeks.

Know what contact with a contaminated person will
do.
54
3-4.5.2. Radiological problems(cont.)
  • 3. Hematopoietic
  • a) Characterized by
  • i) Loss of appetite.
  • ii) Apathy.
  • iii) Nausea.
  • iv) Vomiting.
  • b) Symptoms
  • i) Peak- 6-12 hours.
  • ii) Symptom free- 24-30 hours.

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3-4.5. Identify the special hazards associated
with firefighting and other emergency operations
involving the following
  • 3-4.5.3 Flammable gas/ vapor
  • A       Types
  • a)      Natural gas.
  • b)      Liquefied petroleum gas.
  • c)      Compressed natural gas.
  • B       Hazard
  • a)      Ignition of vapors.
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