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Chapter 28 The New Frontier and the Great Society

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Chapter 28 The New Frontier and the Great Society The Election of 1960 This began the era of television politics. Democratic candidate John F. Kennedy Republican ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 28 The New Frontier and the Great Society


1
Chapter 28The New Frontier and the Great Society
2
The Election of 1960
  • This began the era of television politics.
  • Democratic candidate John F. Kennedy
  • Republican candidate Richard M. Nixon
  • Focus was on the economy the Cold War.
  • Kennedy was concerned about the missile gap
  • Nixon thought we were on the right track.

3
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4
Results
5
The Kennedy Mystique
  • JFKs youth, optimism, charisma inspired
    Americans.
  • JFK said, ask not what your country can do for
    youask what you can do for your country.
  • 1st Pres. To broadcast his press conferences live
    on t.v.

6
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7
Success Setback on the Domestic Front
  • Agenda known as the New Frontier.
  • Hoped to Increase aid to education, provide
    health insurance to the elderly, create a Dept.
    of Urban Affairs, and help migrant workers.
  • It was too costly and mostly unsuccessful.

8
Successes
  • Advocated the New Deal strategy of deficit
    spending.
  • Invested more funds for defense space
    exploration.
  • Increased business production and efficiency.

9
JFK helps women
  • Created the Presidential Commission on the Status
    of Women.
  • Called for action against gender discrimination
    equal pay.

10
Warren Court Reforms
  • Chief Justice Earl Warren took an activist tone.
  • Took on civil rights, freedom of the press,
    separation of church state, and rights of the
    accused.
  • Reapportionment one man, one vote required
    legislatures to reapportion electoral districts
    so that all citizens votes would have equal
    weight.

11
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12
Major Decisions of the Warren Court
  • chart on page 844 know at least 1 from each
    of the following
  • Civil Rights
  • Due Process
  • Freedom of Religion Freedom of Speech

13
Kennedy Confronts Global Challenges
  • Focused much time on foreign policy due to the
    Cold War.
  • Supported flexible response he asked for a
    buildup of conventional troops and weapons.
  • Alliance for Progress series of projects to
    improve Latin American relations.
  • Peace Corps - helped less developed nations
    fight poverty.
  • Space Race began as well.

14
The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • 1959 JFK approved a secret plan for Cuban
    exiles, trained at La Brigada, to invade Cuba at
    the Bay of Pigs revolt against the
    Soviet-supported Cuban dictator, Fidel Castro. It
    failed.
  • 1962 Khrushchev began to place nuclear missiles
    in Cuba to counteract U.S. missiles in Turkey.

15
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Oct. 1962 JFK found out about Soviet ships w/
    nuclear missiles going to Cuba.
  • He ordered a blockade of Cuba.
  • Khrushchev agreed to send the ships back remove
    missiles in Cuba if JFK agreed not to invade Cuba
    and remove missiles in Turkey.
  • JFK agreed.

16
Death of a President
  • Nov. 22, 1963, JFK was shot in Dallas, TX.
  • Lee Harvey Oswald was accused and was shot 2 days
    later by Jack Ruby.
  • Warren Commission concluded that Oswald was the
    lone gunsman.

17
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18
Oswald Ruby
19
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20
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21
Johnson Takes the Reins
  • Kennedy and Johnson made the elimination of the
    poor a major policy goal.
  • Declared an unconditional war on poverty in
    America.
  • 1964 Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO)
    focused on creating jobs fighting poverty.

22
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23
The Great Society
  • Johnson promised a Great Society, more perfect,
    more equitable.
  • 1965-1968 more than 60 programs passes, including
    Medicare Medicaid.
  • Medicare for the elderly.
  • Medicaid for those below the poverty line.
  • 1965 Head Start for disadvantaged kids.

24
Great Society ctd
  • 1965 Dept of Housing Urban Dev.
  • Director Robert Weaver 1st Afr. Am. To serve
    in the cabinet.
  • 1965 Immigration Reform Act limited the of
    immigrants.

25
Legacy of TGSdont write
  • Some opposed the massive growth of federal funds
    criticized the intrusion in their lives.
  • Still a debate on its success

26
End of Chapter 28
  • Take out a piece of paper

27
Quiz You have until the song ends (7 minutes)
  • JFK was the 1st President to do this for his
    press conferences.
  • What was JFKs agenda known as?
  • The Warren Court supported reapportionment a.k.a.
    __________.
  • JFK wanted to invade Cuba at the _____.
  • 1965-1968 Johnson enacted more than __ programs
    as part of his Great Society.
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