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Purpose of Expository Writing

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Purpose of Expository Writing Explains Describes Illustrates Defines Informs Expository Essay Structure Introductory Paragraph Body Paragraphs (2 or more) Concluding ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Purpose of Expository Writing


1
Purpose of Expository Writing
  • Explains
  • Describes
  • Illustrates
  • Defines
  • Informs

2
Expository Essay Structure
  • Introductory Paragraph
  • Body Paragraphs (2 or more)
  • Concluding Paragraph

3
(No Transcript)
4
Introductory Paragraph
  • Attention Grabber / Hook
  • Background Information about the Central Idea
  • Thesis

General Specific
5
Introduction Attention Grabber / Hook
  • Whats Its Purpose?
  • Hooks readers attention
  • 1st sentence(s) of intro. paragraph
  • General/broad concept related to some aspect of
    prompt
  • What it is NOT
  • Unrelated to prompt
  • Not a sentence or question with you in it
  • Not too specific
  • Not a sentence with title/author in it (literary)

6
Introduction Background Information
  • Whats Its Purpose?
  • Provides context for reader (historical)
  • Provides link between grabber and specifics of
    prompt
  • LITERARY TAGG statement (title, author, genre,
    gist of the story)
  • What it is NOT
  • Not too specific to prompt yet
  • Not analysis
  • Not a sentence with subtopics in it
  • Not a quote from text
  • Not extensive plot summary

7
Introduction Central/Controlling Idea
  • What it is NOT
  • Not plot detail
  • Not a basic fact
  • Not something that cannot be proven or already is
    proven
  • Not a quote from text
  • Not unrelated to prompt
  • Function/Purpose
  • Connected directly to analysis part of prompt and
    commentary
  • Provides analysis writer is asserting/ can be
    proven
  • If about literature, usually about theme,
    purpose, impact on reader, tone, etc.
  • Can be combined with the thesis

8
Introduction Thesis
  • Function/Purpose
  • Provides content and organization of paper
  • Includes subtopics that will be used to prove
    central idea (subtopics will be topics of body
    paragraphs)
  • Belongs in last sentence of introduction
  • What it is NOT
  • Not a plot detail
  • Not a basic fact
  • Not a quote from text

9
Body Paragraph
  • Topic Sentence
  • Support A (Major)
  • Evidence (Minor)
  • Evidence
  • Commentary
  • Support B
  • Evidence
  • Evidence
  • Commentary
  • Concluding Sentence

Your assertion the paragraph will prove with
evidence.
This is your analysis.
Restates / reaffirms your topic sentence.
10
Body Paragraph Topic Sentence
  • What it is NOT
  • Not a plot detail
  • Not a basic fact
  • Not a quote from text
  • Not a sentence that cannot be or already is
    proven (ie, Scout is one of the main characters
    in the novel.) Bad!
  • Function/Purpose
  • States main idea AND assertion for each body
    paragraph
  • Tied directly to thesis
  • First sentence of body paragraph
  • Should be able to read T.S. and ask, How so?

11
Body Paragraph Support
  • What it is NOT
  • Not too specific
  • Not a quote
  • Not analysis
  • Function/Purpose
  • At least two per paragraph
  • Ways in which the assertion given in topic
    sentence can be proven
  • Answers, How so? from topic sentence

12
Body Paragraph Evidence
  • What it is NOT
  • Not a question
  • Not analysis
  • Not irrelevant examples or details
  • Function/Purpose
  • Specific quotes, concrete details, anecdotes,
    etc. to illustrate each support
  • 2 pieces of evidence for each support in
    HSPE/MSP-style essay
  • 1 quote in literary analysis minimum for each
    support

13
Body Paragraph Commentary
  • Function/Purpose
  • Writers analysis connecting evidence to the
    topic sentence/claim
  • If about literature, usually about theme,
    purpose, impact on reader, tone, etc.
  • A This shows that statement
  • What it is NOT
  • Not plot summary or detail
  • Not restatement of majors/minors/quotes
  • Not unrelated to prompt
  • No critique of book or advice to the reader

14
Tips for Commentary
  • When writing commentary, ask yourself
  • Why did I choose this evidence?
  • Why is it significant to prove my topic/claim?
  • How does this evidence prove my topic/claim?
  • What effect does this evidence have on my
    reader?

15
Body Paragraph Concluding Sentence
  • Function/Purpose
  • Provides closure for body paragraphs
  • Last sentence of body paragraphs
  • Restates topic sentence
  • May be optional in shorter essays
  • What it is NOT
  • No quote from text
  • No introduction of new idea
  • Not exact wording as topic sentence

16
Topic Statement
Major Topic A
Major Topic B
Minor Topic 1
Minor Topic 1
Minor Topic 2
Minor Topic 1
Minor Topic 2
Another Useful Organizer for an Expository Body
Paragraph
Comm
Comm
Concluding Statement
17
Concluding Paragraph
Specific General
  • Restate Thesis
  • Summarize main ideas
  • Conclude with final
  • thought-provoking, memorable insight

18
Concluding Paragraph
  • What it is NOT
  • Does not start with In conclusion
  • Not word-for-word restatement of thesis/ central
    idea
  • No new information introduced
  • Do not end on a question
  • Do not include lesson for your readers
  • Function/Purpose
  • Provides closure for essay
  • Restatement of thesis/ central idea using
    different wording
  • Brief summary of main ideas presented in essay
    (esp. in longer essay)
  • Final thought-provoking/ memorable (relevant)
    insight

19
Things to AVOID in your essay
  • First person pronouns (I, me, etc.)
  • Second person pronouns (you, your, etc.)
  • Contractions (Its, Theyre, etc.)
  • Slang
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