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Philosophy Of Beauty By Eliza Weekes

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Philosophy Of Beauty By Eliza Weekes Introduction (Aesthetics) Ancient Greek Beauty Immanuel Kant Male Beauty Female Beauty over time Beauty today – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Philosophy Of Beauty By Eliza Weekes


1
Philosophy Of Beauty By Eliza Weekes
  • Introduction (Aesthetics)
  • Ancient Greek Beauty
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Male Beauty
  • Female Beauty over time
  • Beauty today
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography

2
Beautiful Men
  • There are characteristics in beautiful men that
    have been consistent through time. The consistent
    characteristics being the ones that make them
    beautiful, bring pleasure to our senses when we
    see them.
  • A beautiful man from the 16th century, in
    comparison to a beautiful man from the 21st
    century, depicts that there is little difference.

16th Century man
21st Century man
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3
Michael Angelos sculpture, David
  • Michael Angelos sculpture of David in 1501, is
    thought to be a representation of the perfect
    man. I believe this sculpture is perfect for a
    number of reasons.
  • His body and face are in proportion
  • He has a muscular body that would be capable of
    protecting others. This has been an evolutionary
    ideal characteristic. As in the past and even
    today the male is often expected to protect his
    family, and therefore this body type would be
    good potential mating material.
  • He is attractive and therefore would have good
    genes to pass on in reproduction.
  • He has a healthy body shape and appearance and
    will therefore pass on healthy genes

Back to beautiful men
4
David Beckham
  • David Beckham is a popular man of the 21st
    century. He is seen by many people as beautiful
    and this is once again for a number of reasons
    similar to Michael Angelos David.
  • His body and face are in proportion
  • He has a muscular body, that is capable of
    protecting, and potential mating material
  • He is attractive and therefore has good genes to
    pass on in reproduction
  • He has a healthy shape and appearance, therefore
    will pass on healthy genes.

Back to beautiful men
5
Immanuel Kant
  • Immanuel Kant who was a German Philosopher had
    quite an opinion in aesthetics. He believed that
    for a man to say something that brings pleasure
    to the senses is agreeable, he is quite content
    if someone else corrects his terms and reminds
    him to say instead, It is agreeable to me,
    because everyone has his own taste.
  • With beauty it is however different to
    agreeableness, because if he states something to
    be beautiful, then he requires the same liking
    from others. He then judges not just for himself
    but for everyone, and speaks of beauty as if it
    were a property of things.

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6
Introduction to Aesthetics
  • Aesthetics is the study of beauty, whether it be
    in the form of humor, the tragic or sublime. The
    word is derived from the Greek aisthetikos
    meaning of sense perception. Judgments of
    aesthetic value heavily rely on our ability to
    discriminate at a sensory value. It examines what
    makes something beautiful, disgusting, sublime,
    cute, fun, silly, entertaining, boring, humorous
    or tragic. Every day people are judging things in
    some shape or form. Many people strive for beauty
    in themselves and their lives as it seems to have
    a positive and satisfying affect. The reaction to
    something beautiful is often an amazing feeling
    of happiness and love, an innately desired
    feeling. Where as when people feel disgust
    towards something the feeling is negative and
    clearly undesired. These feelings of sensory
    detection are linked in instinctual ways to
    facial expressions. The feeling and the facial
    expression will relate and are often universal.

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7
Ancient Greek Beauty
  • The ancient Greek mathematicians first studied
    what we know today as the Golden Ratio, because
    of its frequent appearance in geometry. The
    Golden Ratio of 1.61803399 has long been
    considered aesthetically pleasing in Western
    cultures, reflecting natures balance between
    symmetry and asymmetry. The Greeks used this
    Golden Ratio as a means of judging beauty.
    Paintings, sculptures, architecture, book designs
    and art use the ratio to attract the eye.
    Similarly this ratio is also used when judging
    somebodys aesthetic value, or commonly known as
    their beauty. When the Golden Ratio supplements a
    persons face or body, they are often also
    pleasing to the eye.

The Golden Ratio in a face
The Golden Ratio in architecture
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8
  • This ancient Greek sculpture was designed with
    the Golden Ratio throughout. The following
    calculations each equal close to 1.61803399.
    consequently the face is pleasing to the eye.
  • Measured in mm.
  • Top of the head to the chin width of the head
  • Top of the head to pupil pupil to lips
  • nose tip to chin lips to chin
  • nose tip to chin pupil to nose tip
  • width of nose nose tip to lips
  • outside distance between eyes hairline to
    pupil
  • length of lips nose tips to lips

Back to Ancient Greek Beauty
9
Itkonis designed the Parthenon in 5th Century
B.C., using the Golden Ratio throughout. Further
more, this piece of architecture is famous and
very pleasing to the eye.
Back to Ancient Greek Beauty
10
Women Beauty Over Time
  • By observing human sculptures and paintings
    through time, it becomes apparent that what is
    considered beauty in a women, has changed.
  • This depicts that beauty can be a very
    subjective feeling. Different people will find
    different things beautiful and it is not right to
    criticize somebody's opinion of beauty. As beauty
    is in the eye of the beholder.

Ancient women beauty
Big bust and bottom
20th century women
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11
Ancient women beauty
  • It appears that in the ancient times, beauty was
    all about proportion. When breasts, waist,
    height, etc were all proportional to one another,
    the result was a beautiful woman.

Back to Beauty Over Time
12
Big Bust and Bottom
  • Much further on, in the 17th century was when
    the figure of a beautiful women was no longer in
    proportion. The bust and bottoms were larger
    compared to the rest of the body, and that was
    then the beautiful woman. The women went to
    dangerous measures to achieve this beauty and
    wore corsets which restricted their waists and
    deformed many bodily functions. By wearing a
    corset over 2 years they could go from having a
    22 inch waist to a hand span sized waist.

Back to Beauty Over Time
13
20th Century Women
  • In the 20th century was when beauty
    continually changed. Beauty ranged from a big
    bust and bottom to a flat boyish figure, and then
    to voluptuousness. All shapes and sizes were
    viewed as beautiful at one stage or another.

Back to Beauty Over Time
14
Beauty Today
  • I believe beauty today is seen as very
    subjective. Ask anyone and their idea of beauty
    would most certainly be different to somebody
    else's. However, today through media, our most
    influential source, a new type of beauty is
    portrayed. It is almost a child like beauty. A
    thin body, young face, no bodily hair and
    flawless skin is presently perceived as
    beautiful. Further more, the face perceived as
    beautiful has stayed the same over time and has
    not changed like body shapes have. Even with this
    type of beauty being portrayed many people still
    have their own opinions and do not agree with
    this ideal.

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15
Conclusion
  • I believe beauty is subjective and many factors
    contribute to how something is viewed. Peoples
    backgrounds, will greatly contribute to what they
    believe as beautiful. However, I do think that
    the Greeks mathematical means of beauty is used
    today without us being aware. Our eyes are still
    attracted the Golden Ratio. We define these
    things as beautiful, sometimes without
    reason.just because. Possibly because many of
    us are not capable of the mathematics required to
    apply the Greeks method. It is just instinctly
    viewed as beautiful.

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16
Bibliography
  • Thomas, Pauline (2007) Fashion Era online
    availiable from internet
  • www.fashion-era.com
  • Wahl, Mark (2007) A Golden Ratio Activity
    online availiable from internet
    http//www.markwahl.com/golden-ratio.htm
  • Think Quest (2007) online availiable from
    internet http//library.thinkquest.org/C005449/gr
    eeks.html
  • Wikipedia (2007) Aesthetics online,
    availiable form internet http//en.wikipedia.
    org/wiki/Aesthetics

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