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Basic ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Coding Part I Conventions and Process

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Title: Basic ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Coding Part I Conventions and Process


1
Basic ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Coding Part I
Conventions and Process
March 16, 2007 10 am 12 noon MST
  • Irene Mueller, EdD, RHIA
  • Montana Hospital
  • Association
  • MT-NC Tele-Video
  • Spring 2007

2
Part I Objectives
401.9
365.11
87.49
  • Ability to understand and apply the
  • Basic ICD-9-CM coding conventions
  • Basic ICD-9-CM coding process.

3
3/16/07 Schedule
  • 10 am 1005
  • Introductions/Overview of day
  • 1005 1050
  • History of ICD-9-CM ICD-10
  • Code Books Codes
  • Coding Conventions
  • 1050 11 am Break
  • 1100 - 1145
  • Coding Process
  • 1145- 1200 noon
  • Questions

4
History of ICD-9-CM ICD-10
  • ICD is universal classification system of
    illnesses, developed in 1893
  • ICD-9-CM in US used to
  • report, compile, and compare hc data
  • evaluate appropriateness timeliness of medical
    care,
  • plan health care delivery systems,
  • determine patterns of patient care among
    providers,
  • analyze payments for health service, and
  • conduct epidemiological clinical research.
  • Reimbursement billing functions added in 1960s
    (MC, MA then PPS (DRGs)

5
ICD - 10
  • ICD-10-CM planned implementation is no sooner
    than 2009? 2 years after CMS orders
  • ICD-10 used in US for mortality data since
    1/1/1999
  • (State Depts of Vital Stats)
  • World Health Organization (WHO) is responsible
    for maintenance
  • Two Classifications in US
  • ICD-10-CM
  • replaces ICD-9-CM v. 12
  • NCHS maintains
  • ICD-10-PCS
  • replaces ICD-9-CM v. 3
  • CMS maintains

6
ICD-10-CM
  • Uses alphanumeric codes (C81.11, S55.18)
  • Increases from 7,000 categories (3 digit codes in
    ICD-9-CM) to 13,000 and 60,000 codes
  • Additional categories for problems
  • occupational exposure to risk-factors
  • general exam without complaint or diagnosis
  • exam for administrative purposes
  • immunization not carried out
  • Classifies injuries by site, not type
  • Trimester specific OB codes
  • Laterality
  • Some codes up to six digits

7
ICD-10-PCS
  • Modular codes
  • 7 characters, 34 alphanumeric values
  • I O not used, might confuse with 1 or 0
  • 1st character indicates one of 16 Sections of
    ICD-10-PCS
  • each character has same meaning in Section, but
    can have different meaning elsewhere
  • Developed by 3M Health Information Systems
  • entirely free-standing coding system
  • four objectives
  • completeness
  • expandability
  • multi-axial structure
  • standardized terminology
  • Tabular List, Alphabetic Index

8
ICD-9-CM Control Maintenance
  • Cooperating Parties
  • CMS - (payers)
  • NCHS - (researchers, etc.)
  • AHA - (providers)
  • AHIMA - (HIM, coders, etc.)
  • Annual Changes effective immediately
  • October 1 (Federal Govt fiscal year)
  • April 1, mid-year (no grace period)

9
ICD-9-CM Code Books
  • 3 Volumes
  • AI
  • Tables (HTN, Neoplasms, Drugs)
  • V codes indexed in main AI
  • E code index is sep, last
  • TL
  • 17 Chapters (Sections)
  • E V codes
  • Procedures
  • AI TL

10
Appendices
  • A - Morphology of Neoplasms
  • Tissue type of neoplasm
  • Not reported for billing
  • Are reported to State Ca Registries
  • Help coder select correct column in Neoplasm
    Table
  • C Drugs by AHFS List
  • D Classification of Industrial Accident
  • Can help coder id equipment category for E codes
  • Helps in assigning place of occurrence E code
  • E- List of 3-digit categories

11
ICD-9-CM Code Structure
  • Diagnosis
  • XXX Category
  • XXX.X Subcategory
  • XXX.XX Sub-classification
  • Procedure
  • XX.XX

WOW IF more specific code available, MUST select
a code at that level
12
V Codes
  • Always Diagnosis!
  • Report conditions, NOT disease/injury, but that
    influence patients health status
  • Clarify reason for encounter
  • Addl factors for patient receiving care
  • Some V codes
  • are Pr Dx Codes (Newborn)
  • ONLY Secondary codes (History of)
  • Can be either (Chemotherapy)

13
E codes
  • Report external causes of injury,
  • poisoning, or other adverse reactions
  • Environmental events
  • Industrial accidents
  • Injuries due to crimes
  • Reporting E codes can expedite insurance claims
  • Place of Occurrence
  • Indicates which insurance should be billed

14
AI Coding Conventions
  • Main term (Nouns, Adjectives, Eponyms)
  • Problem, Condition, Disease
  • NOT body part (modifiers, subterms)
  • Alphabetization
  • Letter by letter (ignore and spaces)
  • And -
  • Exception -With sequenced 1st
  • Numbers
  • Listed numerically, NOT alphabetically
  • Main term (nonessential modifiers)
  • Indented Essential Modifiers (subterms)

15
AI Coding Conventions
  • Main term (nonessential modifiers)
  • Indented Essential Modifiers (subterms)
  • Nonessential modifier supplementary words that
    may be present OR absent from the physicians
    statement of a disease or procedure WITHOUT
    affecting the code number assignment

16
AI Coding Conventions
  • Main term
  • Subterm (1st qualifier)
  • 2nd Qualifier
  • 3rd Qualifier
  • Effusion
  • pleura, pleurisy, pleuritic
  • pleuropericardial 511.9
  • traumatic 862.29
  • with open wound 862.39

Qualifier Examples Alt. Site Fibula vs
Tibia Etiology Diabetic Clin. Status Acute vs
Chronic
WOW Be Careful! Easy to get lost in indention
level when moving from one column to next
17
AI Coding Conventions
  • Eponyms
  • Diseases, syndromes, or procedures named for
    person.
  • Listed alphabetically in AI as Main Terms
  • Listed as subterms under
  • Disease, Disorder, Syndrome, and
  • Operation (Proc.)
  • Ex Down Syndrome, Graves Disease,
  • Keller Operation, Bankhart Operation

18
AI Coding Conventions
  • NEC (Not Elsewhere Classifiable)
  • only in AI
  • Means Other specified often .8 codes
  • Have specific documentation, BUT NO better
    location in ICD-9-CM
  • due to subterm / in subterm
  • Indicates presence of cause-and-effect
    relationship between 2 conditions
  • Physician must make connection in documentation

19
AI Coding Conventions
  • Default code (486 for pneumonia)
  • X references (see, see also)
  • Boxed Notes
  • Follow some main terms
  • Define terms, provide coding instruction,
  • List 5th digit options or 4th digit (Proc AI)
  • Ex Fracture Diabetes

20
AI Coding Conventions
  • Slanted brackets
  • Used to ID manifestation codes
  • Manifestation is a condition that occurs because
    of another condition
  • Manifestation codes are always addl codes
  • Do NOT report the brackets

WOW Slanted Brackets indicate MANDATORY Multiple
Coding SEQUENCING
21
AI Coding Conventions
  • Morphology (behavior) codes
  • Table of Neoplasms
  • /3 Primary Ca
  • /6 Metastatic (2ndary) Ca
  • /2 Ca in Situ
  • /0 Benign
  • /1 Uncertain Behavior
  • Unspecified behavior documentation does
    not specify the behavior of the neoplasm.

WOW write this info at top of neoplasm table
columns
22
TL Coding conventions
  • Italic typeface for Code Titles
  • AND in Code Titles and/or
  • Punctuation
  • enclose synonyms, alternative wording
  • () enclose nonessential modifiers
  • used after incomplete term
  • one or more addl terms after the colon MUST be
    in diagnostic statement to use code
  • Symbols
  • vary by codebook publisher

23
TL Coding conventions
  • Notes and their locations
  • Location
  • Excludes
  • Direct coder to another location
  • May need to report both
  • Includes
  • Further define or provide examples
  • Multiple coding
  • Use Additional instructional note
  • Code first instructional note

24
TL Coding Conventions
  • NOS (not otherwise specified)
  • unspecified in documentation
  • information cannot be obtained from
  • provider
  • Review entire record
  • Labs, radiology reports, operative report, path
    report for more specific info
  • Code any confirmed or definitive dx documented in
    interpretation reports (Pt rec dx services only
    outpt guidelines)
  • Query Dr IF necessary

25
ICD-9-CM Code Assignment Process
  • Id ALL main terms in Dx statement
  • Id the modifiers in Dx statement
  • Locate the main terms in AI
  • Locate the modifiers in subterms indented under
    main terms
  • Check for special instructions or X ref
  • TENTATIVELY select a code
  • Verify code category in TL
  • Check for special instructions or X ref
  • Assign all required codes

26
Coding Process Examples
  • Id ALL main terms in the Dx
  • Problem, Condition, Disease
  • NOT body part
  • Usually NOUN
  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy, urinary retention
  • Urinary Tract Infection, Pseudomonas
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • Chronic hypertrophy of tonsils
  • Perihilar viral pneumonia
  • Sciatica due to herniated lumbar disk
  • Left heart failure with benign hypertension

27
Coding Process Examples
  • Id the modifiers in the Dx statement
  • More specificity
  • Body part/system
  • Usually adjective (-ic, -al, -ive)
  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy, urinary retention
  • Urinary Tract Infection, Pseudomonas
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • Chronic hypertrophy of tonsils
  • Perihilar viral pneumonia
  • Sciatica due to herniated lumbar disk
  • Left heart failure with benign hypertension

28
BPH with urinary retention
  • Check for special instructions or X ref
  • TENTATIVELY select a code

29
BPH with urinary retention
  • Verify code category in TL
  • Check for special instructions or X ref
  • Assign all required codes

30
Questions ? ? ?
imueller_at_wcu.edu
Thank You !
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