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Curriculum: Alternative Approaches, Ongoing Issues

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Curriculum: Alternative Approaches, Ongoing Issues by: Colin J. Marsh George Willis I. The Character of Curriculum Defining Curriculum An Interrelated Set of Plans ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Curriculum: Alternative Approaches, Ongoing Issues


1
Curriculum Alternative Approaches, Ongoing
Issues
  • by
  • Colin J. Marsh
  • George Willis

2
I. The Character of Curriculum
  • Defining Curriculum
  • An Interrelated Set of Plans and
  • Experiences that a Student
  • undertakes under the
  • Guidance of a School

3
The Term Curriculum
  • Truth Everyone talks about it, and everyone has
    a slightly different meaning for it.

4
Important Questions to Ask
  • What should count as knowledge?
  • What knowledge is of the most worth (Spencer)?
  • Who should control the selection of knowledge?
  • Who should participate in the experience of
    curriculum (Dewey)?

5
Important Questions to Ask
  • How do you best organize a curriculum?
  • When and how should changes in a curriculum take
    place?
  • How do schools evaluate that a curriculum is
    best? Who is responsible for the evaluation? What
    do you evaluate?

6
Defining Curriculum
  • Currere (Latin) - to run the course (race)-
  • the racecourse
  • More than 120 definitions of the term (Portelli)
  • Historically used to define the classics of Greek
    civilization (Plato and Aristotle)

7
Definition of Curriculum (Marsh Willis)
  • Curriculum an interrelated set of plans and
    experiences that a student undertakes under the
    guidance of the school-
  • the planned curriculum
  • the enacted curriculum
  • and the experienced curriculum.

8
Varied but Important Definitions of Curriculum
  • Curriculum is permanent subjects such as
    grammar, mathematics, etc.
  • Curriculum is those subjects useful in
    contemporary life
  • Curriculum is all planned learnings for which a
    school is responsible - a list of planned
    outcomes
  • Curriculum is all the experiences learners have
    under the guidance of the school.

9
Varied but Important Definitions (cont)
  • Curriculum is all the experiences that learners
    have in the course of living.

10
Other ways the term curriculum is used (Posner)
  • Scope and Sequence - the range and order of
    learning experiences
  • Syllabus - The plan for an entire, specific
    course
  • Content Outline-
  • an outline of the content to be covered
  • Textbooks - Day- to day guide of the content to
    teachers and students
  • Course of Study - a series of courses a student
    must go through

11
Other Useful Definitions of Curriculum (Posner)
  • The Official Curriculum - the written
    curriculum in syllabi, courses of study, etc.
  • The Operational Curriculum - what is actually
    taught (Give an example).
  • The Hidden Curriculum - what is taught and/or
    learned on issues of gender, class, and race,
    authority, who can succeed at various tasks, what
    is appropriate behavior (Give an example).

12
Other Useful Definitions of Curriculum (Posner)
  • Null Curriculum - subject matters not taught
    -law, parenting, etc. (Give an example).
  • The Extra Curriculum - includes all those planned
    experiences outside of school subjects,
    sportsmanship, team play, etc.
  • (Give an example).

13
Curriculum and/versus Instruction?
  • Traditional definitions Curriculum what is to
    be learned ( versus ) Instruction the process
    or how it is taught, i.e., the ends versus the
    means.
  • (Marsh Willis) - Hold a holistic, organic view
    of curriculum and instruction consistent with
    recent trends, i.e.,. school- based curriculum
    development (SBCD)- the direct involvement of
    teachers in both curriculum and teaching.
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