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Proposal FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF SOUTHERN SUDAN GOSS Council of Ministers

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PROPOSAL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF SOUTHERN SUDAN GOSS Council of Ministers Gen. Oyay Deng Ajak Minister of Investment February 2011 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Proposal FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF SOUTHERN SUDAN GOSS Council of Ministers


1
Proposal FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW CAPITAL
CITY OF SOUTHERN SUDAN GOSS Council of Ministers
  • Gen. Oyay Deng Ajak
  • Minister of Investment

February 2011
2
Context
  • The Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) under the
    leadership of the president, H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir
    Mayardit, is more than ever focused on the
    development challenges facing Southern Sudan
  • Addressing these challenges will depend a lot on
    the ability of the Government to mobilize
    political will and substantial capital for
    investment
  • The identification of a political capital of
    Southern Sudan and preparation for its design and
    development is an integral part of this strategy

3
Goals and Purpose of the Proposal
  • Development of A NEW CITY that would become the
    Capital of the independent Southern Sudan within
    the wider scope of the vicinity of the historical
    and political city of Juba.
  • To develop a modern Capital and a planned
    community with all best and modern urban
    planning/ development standards with the minimum
    burden on the government.
  • To engineer a planned social and architectural
    revolution led by sustained economic development
    that would become the hallmark of Southern Sudan
    in the next 200 years.

4
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5
Why move the Capital from Juba?
  • To avoid the continuation of tension between GOSS
    and CE State over the City of Juba
  • The re-planning and re-development of Juba poses
    the following challenges
  • Appropriation act to withdraw individual land
    parcels
  • Evaluation of individual properties and land
  • Bulk fund needed for compensation
  • (the above is a long process and costly
    operations and prone to corruption cycles)

6
Why move the Capital from Juba? (cont..)
  • Litigation and court cases from people objecting
    the appropriation and evaluation exercises which
    may have immense negative aspects.
  • The aggregate of the re-planning and
    reconstruction costs will be too high if compared
    to fresh construction operations
  • Substantial amount of individual and governmental
    investments would be offset from contributing to
    the economy of the post-referendum Southern Sudan

7
Why move to a new location?
  • Need for a less contested zone for the seat of
    the GOSS
  • Creation of a modern City planned for 200 years
    with absolute flexibility to observe any
    population growth and technological advancements
  • Establishment of a City that would usher the
    socio-economic and political revolution for
    Southern Sudan
  • Securing area for the strategic security and
    development of GOSS installations
  • A strategic location that promote integrated
    business, industrial development and investment
  • Attraction of significant investment into
    Southern Sudanese economy

8
Why move to a new location (con)
  • Creation of a business and cultural center that
    will compete in the region
  • Put an end to the cold tension between the GOSS
    and the CES Government
  • Open up more economic and investment
    opportunities for the development of South Sudan

9
Options for a New Capital City
  1. The Rumshiel Option
  2. Another new location option

10
1. The Rumshiel option
  • First proposed and approved by the SPLM
    Leadership Council in 2003
  • After the CPA, it was agreed that the SPLA
    Military Headquarters would be built in Rumshiel
  • Several companies were assigned to conduct
    feasibility and environmental studies to assess
    the suitability of Rumshiel as the Capital of
    Southern Sudan
  • These companies found many challenges associated
    with the Rumshiel location

11
Challenges associated with the Rumshiel Location
  • Swampy terrain associated with constant flooding
  • Difficulties and high costs associated with
    building basic infrastructure and transport
    networks in such swampy area
  • Expensive costs of supplying water and energy in
    and around the swampy areas
  • Most of the areas are covered with black-cotton
    soil, which makes construction costly and
    vulnerable to soil movement
  • Conclusion Rumshiel deemed unfit

12
2. The new proposed location
  • The area proposed lies across the Nile spanning
    from Rajaf East (mouth of Kit River) in the south
    and extends eastwards to Ngangala, Khor Ingliz,
    Longairo
  • It then extends northwards through Lafon to cover
    southern grasslands of Jonglei State. To the
    west it mainly borders the Nile from Rajaf to
    Mangalla and northwards to Pariak
  • The City would also have an extended aisle into
    Lakes State that would broaden to the Rumshile
    territories of Minkaman, Wunthou, and Kalthok
  • This area is approximately 19,000 sq kilometers
    and would be curved from the four states of
    Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei and
    Lakes
  • An estimated number of 500,000 indigenous
    populace would fall within the premises of this
    proposed capital

13
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14
Benefits of this new proposed location
  1. Benefits to the indigenous communities
  2. Environmental benefits
  3. Economic Benefits
  4. Political benefits
  5. Benefits for the people of Juba
  6. Other benefits

15
1. Benefits to the indigenous communities
  • Over 500,000 indigenous populace would fall
    within the premises of this proposed capital
    area, thus taking towns to the people
  • Mainly from the communities of Bari, Dinka Bor,
    Dinka Aliab, Lolobo, Lokaya, Mundari and Peri
  • Increased access to water and grazing for their
    livestock
  • Increased employment opportunities
  • Provision of social services and amenities

16
2. Environmental benefits
  • The wildlife population of the Badinglo National
    Park will be adequately cared for and protected
  • Improvement of eco-system in the area
  • Construction of more water points for both
    wildlife and domestic animals
  • Efficient usage of water from Kenyetti and
    Singetta rivers

17
3. Economic Benefits
  • Attraction of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and
    encouragement of domestic investment
  • Improved transportation networks across the four
    states covered by the city and within the three
    greater regions of Southern Sudan
  • Integrated economic growth across the states
    covered by the city
  • Significant investment in infrastructure and
    service provision
  • Development and promotion of the tourism industry

18
4. Political benefits
  • Increased and concentrated diversity which will
    contribute to rapid building of nationalism and
    national identity
  • Equal distribution of population across the four
    states covered by the city
  • Easy accessibility to land by nationals and
    foreign investors
  • The sense of ownership of the Capital by all
    Southern Sudanese is increased

19
5. Benefits for the people of Juba
  • Juba will remain a historical and tourist
    attraction City as well as the capital of CES
  • Some of the existing government properties would
    be handed over to the CES state authority
  • The Government of CES will assume its full
    obligation to shoulder responsibility of
    management and service delivery to Juba
  • Decongestion of Juba and ease of pressure on
    housing, land and social services
  • The citizens of Juba and the surrounding towns
    (Bor, Torit, Terekeke, etc) will benefit from
    shared facilities with the new city (stadium,
    airport, etc)

20
6. Other benefits
  • Cultural benefits - the new location to be the
    melting pot of Southern Sudanese cultures
  • Ripple effect the design of the new city to
    provide motivation that could be replicated in
    the 10 states of Southern Sudan
  • Planned urbanization such as pre-determined
    population threshold

21
Implementation Plan and Next Steps
  • The following steps will be undertaken once COM
    approves
  • Formation of the National Capital Committee (NCC)
  • Consultations with the state governments and
    local communities in the areas located within
    this proposed area on the issue of land
  • An environmental impact assessment to be
    undertaken by reputable firms under the guidance
    of the GoSS Ministry of Environment
  • A technical survey to be conducted by a reputable
    firm to determine the suitability of the proposed
    location for urban development
  • The NCC to identify national/international
    planning firms and agree on concrete steps
    forward
  • The NCC to negotiate and sign the necessary
    contracts with reputable firms for the
    implementation and monitoring of the project

22
Responsibilities and deliverables of Development
Companies
  • These may include
  • Development of a Master Plan for the New City
  • Development and presentation of architectural and
    engineering plans
  • Development of a project financing structure
    inclusive of all needed documents for fund
    raising
  • Assist in the fundraising activities
  • Handover of the completed projects on time and on
    budget

23
TO
T A K E
THE
24
Conclusion Key Points
  • The emerging independent state of Southern Sudan
    needs investment that would engender rapid
    economic growth, leading to sustainable
    development and prosperity for all.
  • The development of the new city will attract
    investment that would relax the infrastructural
    constraints of Southern Sudan
  • The construction of the new city will benefit
    everyone, including the indigenous people in the
    area, residents of Juba and CES government
  • The modern and aesthetic capital to become a
    cluster of competitiveness, leading to a
    development respected globally

25
Key Decisions Sought from CoM
  • The CoM to approve the proposal
  • The CoM to form the National Capital Committee
    with the Ministry of Investment and the Ministry
    of Housing and Physical Planning as core members

26
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27
  • Thank You
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