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Constitutional Convention

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Constitutional Convention May-Sept. 1787 89/116 days 55 delegates Average age: 42 Secret Meetings at Philadelphia s Independence Hall James Madison Father of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Constitutional Convention


1
Constitutional Convention
  • May-Sept. 1787
  • 89/116 days
  • 55 delegates
  • Average age 42
  • Secret Meetings at Philadelphias Independence
    Hall

2
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3
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4
James MadisonFather of the Constitution
5
Important Compromises
  • The Great Compromise
  • 3/5 Compromise
  • Commerce and Slavery Compromise
  • Compromise between State and Central Power
    Federalism
  • Add a Bill of Rights

6
Great CompromiseConnecticut Compromise
  • Virginia Plan
  • Three branches
  • Legislature-bicameral
  • Popular election
  • Based on population/revenue
  • Legislature elects judicial/executive
  • New Jersey Plan
  • Three branches
  • Legislature-unicameral
  • By state
  • Executive Panel appointed by legislature
  • Supreme Tribunal appointed by executuve panel

3 Branches- 1. Bicameral Legislature House of
Representatives based on population Senate
2 per state 2. Elected Executive 3. Supreme
Court Appointed by the President Approved by
the Senate
7
3/5 CompromiseHow shall slaves be counted?
  • For purposes of representation?
  • Count them equally!!! Southern States
  • Wait, they cant vote! Or hold propertyor be
    citizensDont count them at all!!!! Northern
    States
  • but for tax purposes????
  • Compromise
  • For purposes of determining the number of
    representatives-
  • Slaves shall be counted at 3/5

8
Commerce and Slavery clause
  • No taxes on Exports
  • Congress could not prohibit the slave trade for
    20 years
  • Congress outlaws the importation of slaves in 1808

9
FederalismDistributes government power between a
central government and state governments
10
Ratification 9/13
  • Federalists
  • Support
  • Write The Federalists Papers
  • James Madison
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • John Jay
  • Anti-Federalists
  • Dont like
  • Ratification procedure
  • No mention of God
  • Central gov is too big
  • States rights
  • NO BILL OF RIGHTS
  • Patrick Henry
  • Richard Henry Lee
  • John Hancock
  • Sam Adams
  • Thomas Jefferson

11
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12
Thinking By Analogy
  • Consider a proposal to give the United Nations
    the following
  • power to tax and spend money for global warfare
  • exclusive power to issue currency
  • control of international commerce
  • jurisdiction over all cases involving the UN
    Charter
  • jurisdiction over cases involving more than 1
    country
  • power to take over national armies to execute UN
    law
  • power to make any law thought necessary
    proper

In what ways would this proposal affect the
sovereignty of member nations?
During the following discussion, think how this
analogy does/does not reflect the the situation
faced by the citizens of the 13 states in 1787.
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