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EAST ASIA III

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EAST ASIA III (CHAPTER 9: 473-491) ... Transportation Resources Cities JAPAN JAPAN S CORE AREA MILLIONS INDIA JAPAN 70 ... 36 % 21 % LAND USE PATTERNS RUGGED ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EAST ASIA III


1
EAST ASIA III
  • (CHAPTER 9 473-491)

2
(No Transcript)
3
THE JAKOTA TRIANGLE
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • Great cities
  • Enormous consumption of raw materials
  • State-of-the-art industries
  • Voluminous exports
  • Global links
  • Trades surpluses
  • Rapid development
  • CHALLENGES
  • Social problems
  • Political uncertainties
  • Vulnerabilities

4
JAPAN
  • Transportation
  • Resources
  • Cities

5
JAPANS CORE AREA
6
OUTLINE OF JAPANESE HISTORY
  • 600 - 800 Chinese cultural influence
  • 1000 -1300 War, Medieval society arises, shoguns
    evolve
  • 1600 -1867 Tokugawa Shogunate, isolation,
    foreigners and Christianity expelled,
    individualistic culture, emphasis on Shinto
    belief system
  • 1853 - Commodore Perry acquires new treaties with
    the outside

7
MEIJI RESTORATION
  • 1868 Rebellion brought in reformers
  • Reinstated the emperor and began to transform
    Japan from a Feudal society with pre-machine age
    technology to an industrial power
  • Adopted aspects of the British model
  • Launched a systematic study of the industrialized
    world
  • Focus was on industrialization and education
    system

8
EXPANSIONIST JAPAN
  • TAIWAN 1895
  • KOREA 1910
  • PACIFIC ISLANDS POST W.W.I
  • MANCHURIA 1931
  • CHINA 1937
  • HONG KONG 1939
  • SOUTHEAST ASIA 1941

9
JAPANS POST WWII TRANSFORMATION
  • 1945 1952 Allied Occupation
  • Economic reshaping
  • Labor legislation
  • Constitution
  • Civil rights
  • Land reform
  • U.S. Helping hand policy

10
DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
  • LIFE EXPECTANCY - 2nd (22nd)
  • INFANT MORTALITY - 1st (29th)
  • GNP PER CAPITA - 3rd (6th)
  • LITERACY RATE - 9th (6th)
  • EDUCATIONAL RANK - 15th (2nd)
  • HUMAN DEVELOPMENT - 3rd (2nd)
  • JAPAN VS (UNITED STATES)

11
POPULATION COMPARISONS
MILLIONS
12
POPULATION PROFILES
INDIA
JAPAN
AGE
MALE
FEMALE
MALE
FEMALE
70
60-69
50-59
40-49
30-39
20-29
10-19
0-9
20
10
0
10
20
30
15
0
30
15
Percent of Population
Percent of Population
13
JAPANS AGE DISTRIBUTION
PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION
1990
2025
AGE GROUP
0-14 Years 18.4 14.9 15-24
Years 15.4 11.6 25-64 Years 54.5 49.6 65
Years 11.7 23.9
__________________________________________________
____ 100 100
SOURCE UNITED NATIONS WORLD POPULATION PROSPECTS
1990 (NEW YORK UNITED NATIONS, 1991)
14
DECLINING JAPANESE POPULATION
Total fertility rates
2.06
1.66
1.65
1.44
1.24
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
15
DECLINING JAPANESE POPULATION
  • Population 127.2 million
  • Birth rate 9 births/1,000
  • Death rate 8 deaths/1,000
  • Growth rate 0.1
  • Doubling time 462 years
  • Net migration rate -0.34 migrants per
    1,000 people

16
KOREA
17
KOREA
  • The size of Idaho but with a population of 74
    million
  • Turbulent political history
  • A dependency of China
  • A colony of Japans
  • Divided along the 38th parallel by Allied Powers
    gt WWII (1945)
  • Cease-fire line established in1953

18
NORTH-SOUTH CONTRASTS
  • NORTH KOREA
  • 55 of the land, 1/3 of the population, extremely
    rural
  • Antiquated state enterprises
  • Inefficient, non-productive agriculture
  • Limited trade former Soviet Union and China
  • SOUTH KOREA
  • 45 of the land, 2/3s of the population, highly
    urbanized
  • Modern factories
  • Intensive, increasingly mechanized agriculture
  • Extensive trade US, Japan, and Western Europe

19
THE KOREAS
  • POPULATION 23,700,000 50,200,000
  • GNP (BILLIONS) 21.3 508.3
  • GNP/CAPITA 920 8,600
  • AGRICULTURE RESTRICTIVE GOOD
  • (as of GNP) 25 8
  • ( work force) 36 21

20
LAND USE PATTERNS
RUGGED MOUNTAINS INDUSTRIAL AREA MAIN RICE
PRODUCING SECONDARY RICE PRODUCING FREE TRADE ZONE
21
SEOUL
  • Capital of Korea (late 1300s - early 1900s)
  • 9.9 million people
  • Located in the northwest corner of South Korea
    just south of the DMZ
  • The urban-industrial center!
  • Textiles, clothing, footwear, electronic goods
  • Vulnerabilities?

22
SEOUL
23
TAIWAN
24
TAIWAN
  • Historical background
  • A Chinese province for centuries
  • Colonized by Japan in 1895
  • Returned to China gt WWII
  • 1949 Chinese Nationalists (supported by the US)
    fled from the mainland and established the
    Republic of China (ROC)
  • Territory - approximately 14,000 Square miles
  • Population 23.7 million
  • 77 urbanized

25
FOUR ECONOMIC TIGERS
Date of Split
Former State
TIGER
  • SOUTH KOREA KOREA 1952
  • TAIWAN CHINA 1949
  • HONG KONG CHINA 1841
  • SINGAPORE MALAYSIA 1965

26
THE FOUR TIGERS (ISSUES AND CONCERNS)
  • Vulnerability to Global Market Fluctuations
  • Land Use Competition
  • Urban Problems
  • Environmental Degradation
  • Political Questions
  • Post Industrial Economy

27
EAST ASIA III
  • (CHAPTER 9 473-491)
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