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The Territorial Dimension in the legislative proposals for cohesion policy 2014-2020

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Title: The Territorial Dimension in the legislative proposals for cohesion policy 2014-2020


1
The Territorial Dimension in the legislative
proposals for cohesion policy 2014-2020
  • Zsolt SZOKOLAI
  • Policy Analyst, Urban development and territorial
    cohesion
  • European Commission
  • DG for Regional Policy

2
Overview
  1. Aims, cornerstones, state of play
  2. Urban investment priorities
  3. Sustainable urban dimension and ITI
  4. Urban innovative actions
  5. Urban development platform
  6. Community-led local development
  7. Reinforced strategic and integrated programming

3
1. Aims and overview of new instruments
4
Strengthening the urban dimension
  • Concentration on EU priorities Europe 2020
    strategy
  • Reinforcing territorial cohesion (new Treaty
    objective)
  • Keeping the urban dimension in the mainstream,
    but improving it
  • Enhancing the integrated approach
  • Better involvement of cities
  • Reintroduction of an experimental strand

5
Cities and urban areas benefiting from cohesion
policy investments and instruments
Integrated and sectoral investments
  • Thematic objectives, (urban) investment
    priorities
  • Community-led local development
  • Financial instruments (revolving funds)
  • Territorial cooperation

ITI delegated to cities (minimum 5 of ERDF of
each Member State)
Urban innovative actions (0,2 of ERDF at EU
level)
Urban development platform
6
2. Urban investment priorities Article 5 ERDF
regulation
7
Investment priorities of the ERDF
  • Contributing to the implementation of the Europe
    2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and
    inclusive growth
  • Concentration on 11 thematic objectives (?
    Priority axes in OP)
  • Support of different investment priorities,
    amongst which
  • Objective 4 Shift towards low-carbon economy in
    all sectors (e) Promoting low-carbon strategies
    for urban areas
  • Objective 6 Protecting the environment (e)
    Improve the urban environment
  • Objective 7 Promoting sustainable transport
    (c) promoting sustainable urban mobility
  • Objective 9 Promoting social inclusion (b)
    Support for physical and economic regeneration of
    deprived urban communities

8
3. Sustainable urban development and integrated
territorial investments (ITI) Article 7 ERDF
regulation (recital 7) Article 99 CPR (recital
21, 65)
9
Why ITI for sustainable urban development?
  • Sustainable urban development requires a whole
    bundle of integrated measures
  • Different measures will need to be supported
    under different thematic objectives und
    priorities
  • Funding programmes should mark and bundle the
    necessary resources for such integrated measures

10
ITI how does it work?
  • Bundling funding from different priority axes and
    programmes (e.g. ERDF and ESF)
  • For an integrated territorial/urban development
    strategy
  • For a specific target area at the appropriate
    territorial scale
  • e.g. at the level of neighbourhoods, cities,
    city-regions, metropolitan areas, rural areas,
    functional areas
  • Possible delegation of the management to
    intermediate bodies, including local authorities
  • Mini-programme for integrated,
    multi-dimensional measures

11
Entry point for programming
Concentration on Europe 2020 objectives
Thematic dimension
Smart growth Research Innovation ICT SME
Sustainable growth Low-carbon economy Resource
efficiency Risk prevention Sustainable transport
Inclusive growth Employment Social
inclusion Combating poverty Education
Integrated strategies and measures
Territorial dimension
Governance mechanism
Cities and urban areas
I T I
Deprived urban areas and neighbourhoods
City-regions, metropolitan areas
Rural areas, etc.
12
Urban dimension
  • Member States should earmark at least 5 of
    ERDF-resources for ITI with management delegated
    to cities (also partly, depending on
    administrative structure and capacity)
  • List of cities in Partnership Contracts and OPs
  • For comparison (2007-2013)
  • Urban dimension (Art. 8 ERDF regulation) not
    compulsory and often hardly visible
  • ERDF-resources programmed for urban priority axes
    only 3 on EU average
  • Mainly sectoral investments (esp. in new Member
    States)
  • Little involvement of cities

13
Sustainable urban development and ITI
Example Member State A
Regional ERDF OP
National/sectoral ERDF OP
Total allocation for ITI at least 5 of Member
States ERDF, delegated to cities
ESF OP
I T I
additional resources from ESF und CF where
appropriate
City 3
CF OP
?
City 1 City 2 City 3 ? ? City 20
14
4. Urban innovative actions Article 84 par. 7
CPR Article 9 ERDF regulation (recital 9 und 12)
15
Urban innovative actions
  • Up to 0.2 of the total ERDF allocation (at EU
    level) ca. 370 Mio. (2014-2020)
  • To promote innovative and experimental approaches
    and solutions in the field of sustainable urban
    development
  • Possible for all thematic objectives of cohesion
    policy
  • For example forward-looking and cutting-edge
    studies, pilot projects and demonstration
    projects of EU interest (innovative character,
    transferability)

16
Management of innovative actions
  • Direct management by the European Commission
  • Europe wide competition (calls for proposals)
  • Based on previous experiences
  • Urban pilot projects (1990-1993 and 1997-1999)
  • Regional programmes for innovative actions
    (2000-2006)
  • Delegated act of the European Commission for
    selection process and implementation

17
5. Urban development platform Article 14 (b)
CPR Article 8 ERDF regulation (recital 8 und 13)
18
Aims and conception
  • Promoting the practical implementation of the
    urban dimension in direct dialogue with cities
  • No project funding!
  • Exchange of experience and capacity
    building (e.g. conferences, working groups for
    specific issues, best practice, etc.)
  • Target group
  • Cities managing and implementing ITI (see lists
    in Partnership Contracts)
  • Cities implementing urban innovative actions
  • Laboratory for new cohesion policy instruments
  • No overlap with URBACT, CoR, Eurocities, etc.

19
6. Community-led local development Article 28-31
CPR (recital 21)
20
Local development bottom-up
  • Based on the LEADER approach (EARDF)
  • Support from all 5 Funds (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF,
    EMFF)
  • Support for integrated local development
    strategies
  • Designed and implemented by the local community
    (local action groups)
  • Partners from public and private sector, civil
    society, etc.
  • Tasks capacity building, calls for proposals,
    transparent project selection, monitoring the
    implementation of the strategy
  • Neither public sector nor any interest group to
    represent more than 49 of voting rights!

21
7. Reinforced strategic and integrated
programming Article 11, 14, 87 CPR (recital 9,
14, 15, 21, 65)
22
  • Common Strategic Framework (CSF)
  • For all 5 Funds (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF)
  • Setting out key actions to be supported by each
    CSF Fund
  • Setting out key territorial challenges (including
    urban)
  • Partnership Contracts
  • For all 5 Funds (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF)
  • Setting out an integrated approach to territorial
    development
  • Arrangements for sustainable urban development
    (list of cities)
  • Operational Programmes
  • Setting out detailed allocations for thematic
    objectives (priority axes)
  • Setting out the contribution to the integrated
    approach for territorial development
  • Arrangements for sustainable urban development
    (ITI delegated to cities, list of cities)
  • Reinforced partnership
  • Need to involve local and regional authorities in
    the programme management

23
Thank you very much for your attention!
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