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Types of Sentences:

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Types of Sentences: How many types of sentences are there? Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex How can you tell the difference between the different type of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Types of Sentences:


1
Types of Sentences
2
How many types of sentences are there?
Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex
3
How can you tell the difference between the
different type of sentences?
It is all in their structure! All sentences have
different structures. You can decipher the
different types of sentences by simply
identifying the different clauses in the
sentences and the number of clauses in a
sentence.
4
What is a clause again?
  • A group of words with a subject predicate.

How many clauses are there?
  • There are 2 different types of clauses.

5
What is the first type of clause?
Ask Webbie!
i-n-d-e-p-e-n-d-e-n-t!
So an independent clause has what 3 things?
  • Subject
  • Verb within a predicate
  • Complete Thought

6
What is the second type of clause?
Dependent!
How can you tell if a clause is dependent?
Typically, dependent clauses begin with
Subordinating Conjunctions if, when, because,
since,
Relative Pronouns that, which, who, whom, whose
or
7
The first sentence structure
Its so easy, its a piece of cake!
Simple Sentence 1 Independent
Clause Example I like to play softball.
Its a cakewalk!!!
Hey, thats a simple sentence too!!!
8
The second sentence structure
Compound Sentence 2 (or more) Independent
Clauses Example I went to the game early, but I
forgot my wallet.
1 Independent 1 Independent 2
Independent Clauses!
9
What part of speech combines clauses and
sentences?
Conjunctions!
This is how you will combine clauses sentences
together!
10
What are 3 ways to combine/punctuate sentences?
  1. Comma Conjunction
  2. Semicolon
  3. Ending marks Capital Letter

11
What does a variation of sentence structure
create for us?
What would it be like if all sentences were
structured the same? What if we had all simple
sentences?
12
If All Sentences Were Structured the
Same Writing would be boring, choppy, lack
feeling and emphasis
  • Varied Sentence Structure Creates
  • Flow
  • Excitement
  • Change of pace
  • Emphasis
  • Shows unity.allows us to tie ideas together and
    see a relationship

13
Here is an example of what a paragraph looks and
sounds like with only simple sentences.
Rihannas charity work and thriving career kept
her plenty busy. She would also like to spread
her wings in other areas. She made her debut
playing in a movie. She plans on taking acting
lessons. She can do even more acting.
14
Here is the same paragraph, but with sentence
variation.
Although Rihannas charity work and thriving
career keep her plenty busy, she would also like
to spread her wings in other areas. She made her
debut playing in a movie, and plans on taking
acting lessons, so she can do even more acting.
15
REVIEW!
What is a Simple Sentence?
What is an Independent Clause?
What is a Compound Sentence?
16
Complex Sentences
Definition 1 independent clause 1 dependent
clause (at least)
Example When I go home from school, (Sub.) I
like to ride my four wheeler. (Main)
1 1 1 of each!
Whats the subordinating conjunction in the
dependent clause?
When
17
Compound -Complex Sentences
Definition 2 independent clauses 1 dependent
clause (at least)
Example I enjoy listening to music, and I just
bought a new CD since my grandma gave me money
for my birthday.
What is 1 Ind. Clause you see?
What is the 2nd Ind. Clause you see?
What is the Dep. Clause you see?
18
Compound -Complex Sentences
Continued
Example I enjoy listening to music, and I just
bought a new CD since my grandma gave me money
for my birthday.
Comma the Coordinating Conjunction
andRemember, its a FANBOY!
What specifically is connecting the 2 Ind.
Clauses?
The Subordinating Conjunction since
What specifically is introducing the Dep. Clause?
19
Checking for Understanding Directions Identify
the sentence structure for each of the following
sentences.
  • 1. People who are dressing up for Halloween begin
    by deciding their character.
  • 2. In October, like a lot of other months,
    gatherings are frequent.
  • 3. One of the most common problems that
    trick-or-treaters face is cavities another is
    being cold.
  • 4. As a rule, Halloween can be fun, but you
    should always be careful.

20
Lets Try Some! Tell what type of sentence
structure each sentence is.
1. People who are dressing up for Halloween begin
by deciding their character.
Structure?
Complex
People begin by deciding their character
Independent clause?
who are dressing up for Halloween
Dependent clause?
21
2. In October, like a lot of other months,
gatherings are frequent.
Structure?
Simple
Independent clause?
Gatherings are frequent
Noticeno conjunction!
22
3. One of the most common problems that
trick-or-treaters face is cavities another is
being cold.
Structure?
Compound-Complex
Independent clause 1 ?
One of the most common problems is cavities
Dependent clause?
that trick-or-treaters face
Independent clause 2 ?
another is being cold
23
4. As a rule, Halloween can be fun, but you
should always be careful.
Structure?
Compound
Independent clause 1 ?
Halloween can be fun
You should always be careful
Independent clause 2?
What is as a rule?
A phrase
24
The Four Sentence Structures
SENTENCE STRUCTURE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES DEPENDENT CLAUSES
Simple 1 0
Compound 2 or more 0
Complex 1 1 or more
Compound-Complex 2 or more 1 or more
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