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Smart Cities


Smart Cities and the Ageing Population Sustainable smart cities: from vision to reality 13 October 2014. ITU, Geneva Knud Erik Skouby, CMI/ Aalborg University-Cph. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Smart Cities

  • Smart Cities
  • and the Ageing Population
  • Sustainable smart cities from vision to reality
  • 13 October 2014. ITU, Geneva
  • Knud Erik Skouby, CMI/ Aalborg University-Cph

  • Presentation based on work within WWRF (Wireless
    World Research Forum) WGA
  • With
  • Per Lynggaard, Assistant Professor, CMI
  • Iwona Windekilde, Associate Professor, CMI
  • Anri Kivimäki, Program Manager, International
  • Lotta Haukipuro, PhD Fellow
  • Management and International Business,
  • Oulu Business School, University of Oulu, Finland

  • Due to a growing number of elderly people, it is
    a necessity to create cities that are aware of
    the special needs of all their citizens including
    the needs of aging populations.
  • This paper shows that by combining smart homes
    with smart cities, we are able to provide an ICT
    infrastructure that exploits the entangled
    connections between the ambient assisted living,
    the smart homes, and the smart cities

Elderly people 65 represent a growing share of
the world population 25 percent of all Europeans
will be over 60 by 2030 Globally, 40 per cent of
older persons aged 60 live independently Populati
on aging presents social, economic and political
challenges for societies
Figure 1 Number of people aged 60 or
over Source World, developed and developing
countries, 1950-2050, UDESA 2012
Distribution of population aged 60 years or over
by broad age group, Source World Population
Ageing, Profiles of Ageing, 1950-2050 , UNDESA,
The needs of elderly persons for continued
Assisted living environments can help an ageing
population to remain active and independent for
longer period by taking into consideration their
individual needs
Figure. A multi-factor model displaying the needs
of elderly persons for continued well-being
Source I. Iakovidis, ICT for Health and
Ageing, European Commission, 2013.
Smart cities need to address elderly people needs
across such as housing, social participations
health care, and community support services,
leisure, and culture, in order to make smart city
environment more elderly friendly.
Idea - Smart Cities and Smart Homes
  • A smart city concept must include the smart homes
    to support the citizens entangled society
  • To make the smart city the engine of
    transformation a modern ICT based infrastructure,
    which integrates the smart homes into a smart
    city, is needed

Internet of Things (IoT)
  • The connected IoTs is the next big step in the
    evolution of the Internet.
  • A combination of Internet , wireless
    communication, and embedded wireless sensors
    transform everyday objects into intelligent and
    context-aware IoTs.

Smart homes
  • Smart homes have their roots in the intelligent
    buildings and the home automation areas.
  • They offer
  • Remote and timer control of systems and embedded
  • The smart homes add context sensing and
    autonomous behaviour.

IoTs in smart homes
  • Most user actions are performed in a limited
  • User actions are processed locally by IoTs that
    are positioned close to the sensors and actuators

With AI IoTs are able to learn and predict user
AI in smart homes
  • Future smart homes implement context-aware
  • Context-aware services are added to smart homes
    using AI-based systems.
  • The AI systems learn from users behaviors with a
    high degree of probability and are able to
    perform the learned actions autonomously.
  • Smart home AI systems must be able to interface
    with hundreds or even thousands of sensors.

Clouds of Things (CoT)
  • CoT is a pool of resources and calculation
    capabilities that offers IoT based services
    through the Internet

Emerging smart home services
Cloud computing
Sensors enhance homes security
Washer and dryer controlled by load volume, dirt
level, time-of-day energy rates
The suggested concept
  • The smart homes are equipped with an advanced AI
    system that organizes and controls the smart home
  • It performs processing of events from the IoT
    devices with limited processing capability.
  • The smart city ICT based infrastructure combines
    the smart home AI systems with the CoT
  • I.e. the smart homes are linked into the smart
    city infrastructure.

The suggested concept
  • Layer 1(the bottom layer) Contains a collection
    of IoTs directly interacting with the users.
  • Layer 2 Contextual information from the IoTs
    collected in the smart home AI learns and
    predicts the users behaviour and preferences .
  • Layer 3 The CoT layer combines the AI systems
    from the individual smart homes
  • Layer 4 A smart city ICT-based infrastructure is

Change Influence on
  • Energy transport
  • Water, and environmental monitoring
  • Government, administration, and public safety
  • Healthcare
  • Social interaction

A new eco-system
  • Integrating the smart homes into the smart
    cities, coordinate their activities, collect big
    data, and offers composite complex services to
    the community, as well as to the individual smart
    home user.
  • The concept offers change and new service
  • interconnecting Internet of Things in the
    individual smart homes in an intelligent way by
    deploying AI.
  • It scales well and offers easily adaptation to
    new technology and services such as smart grids
  • The smart city Cloud of Things offers the
    possibility to centralizing distributed data into
    a few big-data storages by deploying new combined
    smart home and smart city services.

  • The infrastructure offers a framework for
    innovation, a framework for citizen involvements,
    and a framework for new service possibilities
  • Major challenges
  • Communication reliability, latency.. 5 G
  • M2M incl management interoperability and
    connectivity 5G solutions?
  • CoT incl security, privacy, trust 5G solutions?