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Life Cycle: Adolescence into Adulthood

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Life Cycle: Adolescence into Adulthood Lesson 35 Objectives Identify the physical changes that occur during adolescence Identify the mental, emotional and social ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Life Cycle: Adolescence into Adulthood


1
Life Cycle Adolescence into Adulthood
  • Lesson 35

2
Objectives
  • Identify the physical changes that occur during
    adolescence
  • Identify the mental, emotional and social changes
    that occur during adolescence
  • Describe the physical, mental/emotional and
    social transitions that occur during middle and
    later adulthood
  • Identify and analyze lifestyle behaviors that
    promote health and prevent disease throughout the
    life span
  • Explain how dating, marriage and parenthood
    affect the family and society as well as the
    individual

3
Adolescence
  • Period from childhood to adulthood
  • Time of many exciting changes
  • Physical growth
  • Voice changes
  • Bodies filling out
  • Fastest period of growth after infancy
  • Changes in mental/emotional and social life

4
Puberty
  • Time when a person begins to develop certain
    traits of adults of his or her own gender
  • Marks the beginning of adolescence
  • Generally occurs between ages of 12-18
  • Hormones responsible for changes
  • Testosterone in males
  • Extrogen and progesterone in females

5
Physical Changes
  • Growth
  • Sex characteristics
  • Traits related to a persons gender
  • Primary sex characteristics
  • Related directly to the production of
    reproductive cells
  • Sperm in males
  • Eggs ova in females
  • Secondary sex
  • characteristics
  • Other changes that occur
  • during puberty

Figure 20.1 page 515
6
Mental Changes
  • Development of the brain
  • By the time a person is 6, his/her brain is 95
    of its adult size
  • The cerebrumthe thinking part of the
    braincontinues to develop in adolescence
  • Increases memory
  • Increases cognition
  • That ability to reason and think out abstract
    solutions
  • Increased cognition allows you to anticipate
    consequences, think logically and understand
    different points of view

7
Figure 20.2 pg 516
  • Responsible for planning, strategizing and
    judgment
  • Area undergoes a growth spurt when a child is
    11-12 years old, followed by a growth period when
    new nerve connections from
  • Connects the two sides of the brain
  • Though to be involved in creativity and problem
    solving
  • Grows and changes significantly during adolescence
  • Associated with emotion
  • Teens use this part of the brain rather than the
    more analytical frontal cortex that adults use in
    emotional responses
  • Coordinates muscles and physical movement
  • Involved in the coordination of thinking
    processes
  • Undergoes dramatic growth and change during
    adolescence

8
Emotional Changes
  • Bursts of energy
  • Waves of strong emotions
  • Mood swings
  • Intense feelings
  • Support from friends and family can give you a
    sense of security when you need it, helping you
    become more confident

9
Social Changes
  • Need to make friends and be accepted into a peer
    group
  • Close friends
  • Peer pressure
  • Peers may challenge what you stand for, your
    beliefs and values
  • Close friends will never ask you to go against
    your values

10
Developmental Tasks
  • Establish emotional and psychological
    independence
  • May move back and forth between desire for
    independence and the security of family support
  • Ongoing communication with parents can help teens
    learn the advantages of seeking advice and
    feedback
  • Develop a sense of identity
  • Develop confidence
  • Continue to develop identity, which began when
    you were a child and saw your parents as role
    models
  • Adopt a person value system
  • Begin to assess your own values when they differ
    from those of your peers and others
  • Establish adult vocational goals
  • Identify your skills and what you would like to
    do when you grow up
  • Develop control over behavior
  • Make decisions regarding participation in risk
    behaviors
  • Consider values
  • Set short and long term goals to help you make
    good decisions

11
Moving into Adulthood
12
Successful Marriages
  • Good communication
  • Share feelings
  • Express needs and concerns
  • Emotional Maturity
  • Ability to understand their spouses needs
  • Consider what is best for the relationship, not
    always what is best for the individual
  • Similar values and interests
  • Share attitudes about importance of health,
    religion, culture, family and friendships
  • Interests allowing them to spend time together
    can strengthen a marriage

13
Resolving Conflicts
  • Common issues
  • Differences in spending and saving habits
  • Conflicting loyalties involving friends and
    family
  • Lack of communication
  • Lack of intimacy
  • Jealously, infidelity or lack of attention
  • Decisions about having children and arranging
    child care
  • Abuse tendencies or attitudes
  • Good communication can help to solve conflicts
  • Counseling may be necessary

14
Teen Marriages
  • Maturity is one of the most important factors in
    a successful marriage
  • Teens are still struggling to figure out their
    own identity
  • 60 in teen marriages end in divorces
  • Most end in the first few years
  • Marriage may interfere with personal freedom,
    educational and career goals
  • Lack of life experience
  • Financial pressures strain the relationship

15
Parenthood
  • After marriage many people decide to start a
    family
  • Have a child
  • Adoption
  • Foster children
  • Raising a child is challenging and rewarding
  • Serious responsibility
  • Provide protection, food, clothing, shelter,
    education and medical care
  • Provide guidance, instill values, set limits,
    give unconditional love

16
Middle Adulthood
  • Physical, mental, emotional and social changes
    dont stop when adolescence ends
  • Continues throughout a life span

17
Physical Changes
  • Skin loses elasticity
  • Functioning of bodys organs slows
  • Bodys immune system become less effective
  • Females experience menopause
  • Age 45-55
  • Stopping of ovulation and menstruation
  • Female can no longer become pregnant
  • Healthful behaviors, including weight management,
    nutritious eating, and physical activity makes
    these changes less severe
  • Strength training increases muscle mass,
    preserves bone density and protects major joints
    from injury

18
Figure 20.4 pg 530
19
Mental Transition
  • Mental activities strengthen the brain
  • Solving puzzles, reading and playing board games
    provide mental stimulation
  • Continue learning

20
Emotional Transitions
  • Most people have experienced many of lifes
    greatest joys by this point
  • Children
  • Personal accomplishment
  • Some disappointments
  • midlife crisis
  • Questions and concerns about whether they have
    met goals, feel loved and made a positive
    difference in others lives
  • Keeping the health triangle in balance will help
    people avoid these concerns

21
Social Transitions
  • Focus on family
  • Adults faced with the death of a parent and their
    children growing up and leaving home
  • Empty-nest syndrome
  • Feelings of sadness or loneliness that accompany
    childrens leaving home and entering into
    adulthood
  • Maintaining healthy relationships with family and
    friends makes it less difficult to adjust to
    these changes
  • Time to apply talents and life experience to
    community and social programs

22
Late Adulthood
  • Goal is to look back at life with satisfaction
    and a sense of fulfillment
  • Living life with integrity increases satisfaction
  • Making decisions with adherence to a moral code
  • Retirement
  • Ability to pursue new interests
  • Volunteering
  • Remaining mentally and physically active will
    allow older adults to enjoy their later years
    more than those who dont challenge themselves
  • Social security and Medicare are government
    programs created to benefit older adults (over 65)
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