Eugenics, Citizenship, and Immigration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Eugenics, Citizenship, and Immigration PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6ed00b-ZWYwM


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Eugenics, Citizenship, and Immigration


Eugenics, Citizenship, and Immigration There is an irreconcilable resistance to amalgamation and social equality that cannot be ignored. -Representative Clarence ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:25
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: Sharon337
Learn more at:


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Eugenics, Citizenship, and Immigration

Eugenics, Citizenship, and Immigration
  • There is an irreconcilable resistance to
    amalgamation and social equality that cannot be
  • -Representative Clarence F. Lea, 1924

  • Peaked during the Progressive Era (1890-1914)
  • Before 1890 immigration primarily from
    Northwestern Europe (Great Britain, Ireland,
    Canada, Germany, Scandinavia, Switzerland,
  • 1890-1914 South and Eastern Europe
    (Austria-Hungary, Italy, Russia, Greece, Romania,
  • Majority were non-Protestant, spoke unfamiliar

(No Transcript)
How Immigrants Were Viewed
  • Competition for jobs, housing, and public
  • Threatened prosperous Americans by crowding the
    largest cities
  • Bred crime and disease caused social problems
    instead of being the victims of them

Definition of Citizenship
  • After the Civil War, whites and persons of
    African descent were eligible for citizenship
  • In some cases, everyone not black was considered
    white, but
  • Takao Ozawa, a Japanese immigrant, was denied
    citizenship by the Supreme Court in 1922 because
    he was white but not Caucasian
  • The Supreme Court also denied citizenship from
    Singh Thind, a Hindu, because he was Caucasian
    but not white

Eugenicists Goals
  • Stop the decline of American intelligence
  • insure aprogressive upward evolution
  • Define citizenship based on race
  • Stop the immigration of Eastern Europeans and
    others polluting America
  • Prevent the immigration of anyone who might
    prove costly to society

Supporters of Immigration Restriction
  • Boston-based Immigration Restriction League
    pushed for immigrants to pass a literacy test
  • President Calvin Coolidge Restricted
    immigration is not an offensive but purely a
    defensive action. 1924

Direct Causes of Restriction
  • Outbreaks of smallpox, typhus and cholera in New
    York increase scrutiny of immigrants
  • Fear of spies and the openness of borders creates
    anxiety during WWI
  • A statement by Leon Kamaiky that essentially said
    3 million Polish Jews would come to America if
    given the means

(No Transcript)
Strategies of Eugenicists
  • Used graphs, pedigree charts, and the results of
    hundreds of IQ tests to provide shocking
    scientific evidence
  • Use graphics, such as pictures from Ellis Island
  • Call immigrants degrading names, such as
    Carriers of the Germ Plasm of the Future
    American Population
  • A Study of American Intelligence by Carl Brigham,
    which provided a scientific rationale

Harry Laughlin
  • Used statistics, charts, graphics, etc. from the
    ERO to present the immigration problem to the
    House Committee on Immigration
  • Appointed Expert Eugenics Agent by the committee
  • Influenced Representatives to oppose immigration

Challengers to the Eugenicists
  • Herbert Spencer Jennings
  • Testified before Congress about Laughlins flawed
    statistics testimony cut short
  • Ignored in favor of Laughlins lurid findings
  • Representative Adolph J. Sabath
  • Argued for assimilation in a Congressional debate
  • Dr. Frederick Lam
  • Worked to convince officials that liver fluke, a
    common disease among Chinese immigrants, was

Immigration Policies
  • Immigration Restriction Act of 1924
  • Scale the number of immigrants down by allowing
    only 2 of each groups population in the US
    according to the census of 1890
  • Reduced quota of Southern and Eastern Europeans
    from 45 to 15
  • Coolidge rallied support with his slogan America
    must remain American
  • Deportation of foreigners with ailments, even
    non-communicable diseases

Effects of These Policies
  • Immigration from Asia and Africa is essentially
    cut off
  • Source of immigrants returns to former areas
  • Ends the era of the most immigration in history

Modern Repercussions
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 replaces
    the racism of the 1924 act
  • New system gives preferences to refugeespeople
    with relatives in the United States, and workers
    with needed skills
  • Only 16 of foreign-born people now come from

  • The Self Made Man
  • Harry Laughlin
  • Pie Charts
  • Immigrant Picture
  • Social Origins of Eugenics
  • Race and Membership in American History The
    Eugenics Movement