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Today

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Title: Today


1
Todays Agenda
  • Any Announcements?
  • Any Questions?
  • Today we will discuss our nations two major
    political parties, their history, their stance on
    the issues and we will then exercise the actions
    of political parties in class.
  • Lets Begin Todays Lesson..

2
Political Parties
  • Long-Range Objective
  • Standard 6.0 Individuals Groups Interactions
  • 6.3 understand the evolution of political parties
    and their role as a mechanism for creating and
    sustaining political participation.

3
Objectives Today
  • Objective
  • Examine why we have a two-party system and the
    evolution of both parties. Investigate what role
    parties play in the political process. Consider
    the differences between the Democrat and
    Republican parties.

4
US Governments Two Party System
  • Republicans vs Democrats

5
What is a Political Party?
  • Political Party (Noun) - Group of persons
    organized to acquire and exercise political
    power. (Merriam Webster Dictionary)
  • What does a political party hope to accomplish?

6
What Do Parties Do?
  1. Provide a method for people to be involved in
    their government, through actions or
    contributions.
  2. Parties nominate candidates for elections.
  3. Raise support for their candidates and ideas,
    recruiting new members and providing information
    favorable to their party to potential voters.

7
Other Things Parties May Do
  • Inform potential voters on the problems or issues
    with the opposing party and its candidates.
    (Negative Campaigning or Mud Slinging)
  • When a party is in the minority, it acts as a
    Watchdog for the public on the actions of the
    party in power.

8
Why a Two Party System?
  • Two Parties Emerge
  • The election of 1796 was the first election in
    American history where political candidates at
    the local, state, and national level began to run
    for office as members of organized political
    parties that held strongly opposed political
    principles.

9
1796 Election
  • This chart depicts the electoral vote
    distribution for the election of 1796. John Adams
    (green) edged out Thomas Jefferson (yellow) for
    the Presidency, with Thomas Pinckney (purple) and
    Aaron Burr (blue) leading the runners-up.
    Jefferson's second-place earned him the Vice
    Presidency.

10
The First Two Major Parties
  • The two parties adopted names that reflected
    their most cherished values. The Federalists of
    1796 attached themselves to the successful
    campaign in favor of the Constitution and were
    solid supporters of the federal administration.
    The party had its strongest support among those
    who favored Hamilton's policies. Merchants,
    creditors and urban artisans who built the
    growing commercial economy of the NorthEast
    provided its most dedicated supporters and
    strongest regional support.

11
The Other Party
  • The opposition party adopted the name
    Democratic-Republicans, which suggested that they
    were more fully committed to extending the
    Revolution to ordinary people.
  • Although it effectively reached ordinary
    citizens, its key leaders were wealthy Southern
    tobacco elites like Jefferson and Madison. While
    the Democratic-Republicans were more diverse, the
    Federalists were wealthier and carried more
    prestige, especially by association with the
    retired Washington.

12
Ready For A Video???
  • This Song explains it well!

13
Agreed?
  • The song told us about the FEDERALISTS and the
    DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS.
  • Alexander Hamilton Pro-Business Federalist
    Party
  • Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
    Pro-Agrarian Democratic-Republican Party

14
Four Major Eras
  • 1800 to 1860 Democrats won 13 of 15
    presidential elections. Lost in 1840 and 1848.
  • 1860 to 1932 Republicans won 14 of 18
    presidential elections. Lost in 1884, 1892, 1912
    and 1916.
  • 1932 to 1968 Democrats won 7 of 9 presidential
    elections. Lost in 1952 and 1956.
  • 1968 to Present Divided Government -
    Republicans have won 7 of 12. Our text book was
    printed before President Obama went 2-0.

15
Era 1 Era of the Democrats
  • Thomas Jefferson was elected in 1800. The
    Federalist party lost this election and ceases to
    exist by 1816. Turn in your text book to page 128
    and follow along with the timeline.
  • Democratic-Republican party dominated elections
    until the mid-1820s when they began squabbling
    among themselves, forming factions of smaller
    groups disagreeing with other groups on various
    issues.

16
Federalist Party is GoneThe Whig Party fills the
Vacuum
  • Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) began what history
    professors call Jacksonian Democracy.
  • The Whig Party formed to oppose Jacksonian
    Democracy.
  • A pattern continues The vast majority of
    Democratic party supporters lived in the South
    and the emerging West. The Whigs were
    supported by East Coast bankers, merchants,
    industrialist and owners of large southern
    plantations.
  • A storm cloud is beginning to form on the
    horizon.....

17
The Cloud Gets a Lot Closer!
  • The 1850s witnessed a storm cloud getting larger
    and larger, more ominous and more dangerous....
  • Slavery this issue caused both parties to
    fracture into different factions with various
    views on the topic of slavery. What does
    factions mean?
  • In 1854, some Whigs splintered apart and became
    members of a brand new party, the Republican
    party. They ran a candidate for President in
    1856, John C. Fremont, and their second candidate
    won in 1860. Hmm... Who could that be?????

18
Republican Party is the Party of Lincoln
  • Lincoln's win with the the Republican party
    marked a first and last in U.S. politics. A
    newer, 'third party', grew in four years into a
    major party and won a presidential election in
    its literally infancy. That feat has never been
    replicated.

19
Era 2 Era of the Republicans
  • Lincoln's win in 1860 was one of major factors
    that caused the Civil War a year later. The
    Republican party would dominate presidential
    elections until 1932.
  • Look at page 129. Read the paragraph containing
    the bolded word electorate and the paragraph that
    follows it.
  • What does electorate mean? Sectionalism?

20
1932 The Great Depression
  • The Democrats grabbed the momentum back and
    dominated presidential elections from 1932 to
    1968. Franklin Roosevelt won the 1932 election.
    Our country had been suffering from the Great
    Depression since 1929. FDR promised hope. A
    large part of the electorate blamed the
    Republican party for the Great Depression,
    pointing out how big business and the banks of
    the times were failing to stay open, costing
    people their jobs and their money. This video
    explains it well.

21
If you were a customer of the Savings and Loan,
who would you vote for?
  • Do you think old mean Mr. Potter was portraying a
    Republican or a Democrat?
  • Pivotal events, huge swings in party support.
    The Civil War. The Great Depression. 1968.
    1968?

22
1968
  • The year 1968 was a watershed year in American
    history a turning point for the nation and its
    people. A year of vivid colors, startling sounds,
    and searing images. A turbulent, relentless
    cascade of events that changed America forever.
    From assassinations and conflicts, pop culture
    and free love, civil rights and women's rights,
    Americans questioned traditional values and
    authority that sent shockwaves across the
    country, including in Western Pennsylvania. -
    Heinz History Center - Heinz Museum Video....

23
Some key events of 1968
  • The turbulent 1960s reached a boiling point in
    1968.
  • In February, the Tet Offensive in Vietnam brought
    a shift in American public opinion toward the war
    and low approval ratings for the President.
  • On April 4, Martin Luther King's assassination
    led to another wave of grief. Then waves of
    rioting swept America. Two months later, shortly
    after Robert Kennedy spoke to a crowd cheering
    his sweep in the California primary, an assassin
    named Sirhan Sirhan ended Kennedy's life. The
    nation was numb. - http//www.ushistory.org

24
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25
October of 1968
  • Oct 18th - US Olympic Committee suspends Tommie
    Smith John Carlos for giving "black power"
    salute as a protest during victory ceremony.

26
1968 Begins a New Era
  • The Republicans had a comparatively smooth
    campaign, nominating Richard Nixon as their
    candidate. Nixon spoke for the "Silent Majority"
    of Americans who supported the effort in Vietnam
    and demanded law and order.
  • Alabama Governor George Wallace ran on the
    American Independent Party ticket. Campaigning
    for "segregation now, segregation forever"
    Wallace appealed to many white voters in the
    South. His running mate, Curtis LeMay, suggested
    that the United States bomb Vietnam "back to the
    Stone Age."
  • When the votes were tallied in November, Nixon
    cruised to an electoral vote landslide while
    winning only 43.4 percent of the popular vote.

27
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28
Some other Key 1968 Events
  • Jan 21st - Vietnam War Battle of Khe Sanh - One
    of the most publicized and controversial battles
    of the war begins. Lasting 77 days, the "siege"
    of Khe Sanh saw American and South Vietnamese
    forces suffer 703 killed, 2,642 wounded, and 7
    missing. PAVN losses are not known with accuracy
    but are estimated at between 10,000-15,000 dead
    and wounded
  • Feb 8th Police officers kill 3 college students
    demonstrating at SC State (Orangeburg) 30
    unarmed black man protesting at a white-only
    bowling alley shot at by policemen.

29
1968 Continued
  • Mar 4th - Martin Luther King Jr announces plans
    for Poor People's Campaign.
  • Apr 4th - Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in
    Memphis, Tennessee
  • Apr 11th - President Johnson signs 1968 Civil
    Rights Act
  • Apr 24th - Leftist students take over Columbia
    University, NYC

30
1968 Continued
  • May 12th - "March of Poor" under Reverend Ralph
    Abernathy reaches Washington, DC
  • Jun 6 Robert Kennedy shot in California.
  • Jul 23rd - Race riot in Cleveland, 11 killed
    including 3 policemen.
  • Aug 25th - Arthur Ashe becomes 1st black to win
    US singles championship

31
The Kiss That Shocked the South
  • Star Trek - November, 1968 Captain Kirk kisses
    Uhuru.
  • NBC, nervous about the reaction from their
    Southern affiliates, insisted that an alternate
    take be shot, one without the kiss. NBC
    executives finally conceded and said, "Let's go
    with the kiss."

32
1968 Changed Our Nation
  • Our nation's innocence was shattered by the
    events of 1968. After King was shot Over the
    course of the following week, riots broke out in
    125 cities nationwide. In many instances the
    National Guard was required to quell the
    violence. In Washington, Chicago and Baltimore,
    it took tens of thousands of regular army
    soldiers and Marines. When they were over, some
    39 people were dead, more than 2,600 injured and
    21,000 arrested. The damages were estimated at
    65m - about 385m today. - The Guardian

33
Vietnam was at its height
  • American Vietnam War-Related Deaths by Year
  • 1956-60 9 1961 16 1962 52
  • 1963 118 1964 206 1965 1,863
  • 1966 6,143 1967 11,153 1968 16,592
  • 1969 11,616 1970 6,081 1971 2,357
  • 1972 641 1973 168 1974 178

34
Our Nation Has Never Been The Same
  • 1968 was the beginning our current Fourth Era of
    divided politic dominance. Obama's re-election
    may indicate that we may be witnessing a Fifth
    Era about to begin. What do you think?

35
Political Parties
  • Long-Range Objective
  • Standard 6.0 Individuals Groups Interactions
  • 6.3 understand the evolution of political parties
    and their role as a mechanism for creating and
    sustaining political participation.

36
1968 Democratic Convention was in the news
  • Antiwar protesters flocked to Chicago to prevent
    the inevitable Hubert Humphrey nomination, or at
    least to pressure the party into softening its
    stance on Vietnam. The incumbent, Lyndon Johnson,
    decided not to run. What does incumbent mean?
  • Mayor Richard Daley ordered the Chicago police to
    take a tough stance with the demonstrators. As
    the crowds chanted "The whole world is watching,"
    the police bloodied the activists with clubs and
    released tear gas into the streets. The party
    nominated Humphrey, but the nation began to sense
    that the Democrats were a party of disorder.

37
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38
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39
The Two Parties Now
  • Democratic Party www.democrats.org
  • 2012 National Platform
  • http//www.democrats.org/democratic-national-platf
    orm
  • Republican Party www.gop.com
  • 2012 National Platform
  • http//www.gop.com/2012-republican-platform_home

40
Democratic Partys Beliefs
  • What their website says Democrats believe that
    we're greater together than we are on our
    ownthat this country succeeds when everyone gets
    a fair shot, when everyone does their fair share,
    when everyone plays by the same rules. Our party,
    led by President Obama, is focused on building an
    economy that lastsan economy that lifts up all
    Americans.

41
The GOPs Beliefs
  • We believe in the power and opportunity of
    Americas free-market economy. We believe in the
    importance of sensible business regulations that
    promote confidence in our economy among
    consumers, entrepreneurs and businesses alike. We
    oppose interventionist policies that put the
    federal government in control of industry and
    allow it to pick winners and losers in the
    marketplace.

42
Liberal vs Conservative
  • Liberal (adjective) believing that government
    should be active in supporting social and
    political change relating to or supporting
    political liberalism
  • Conservative (adjective) believing in the
    value of established and traditional practices in
    politics and society relating to or supporting
    political conservatism
  • (Merriam Webster Dictionary)

43
Democrats are Liberal, Republicans are
Conservative
  • The Democratic party is generally viewed as the
    liberal party, supporting economic social issues
    and against moral social involvement.
  • The Republican party is generally viewed as the
    conservative party, opposing economic social
    activities and supporting moral social issues.

44
Videos of Candidates
  • Watch these videos. Who is the Liberal and who
    is the Conservative? Do you see a Mud slinging
    ad?

45
Political Ads
  • Who was the liberal candidate in the 2012
    Presidential election?
  • What party was he a member of?
  • Who was the conservative candidate in the 2012
    Presidential election?
  • What party was he a member of?
  • How do these ads impact the political process?

46
Where Do We Stand Today?
47
Problems Envisioned by James Madison in
Federalist Paper 10
  • Factions. Each party is entrenched in their
    beliefs. Neither party is willing to compromise.
  • Our nation has pressing issues, including
  • Jobs A Growing Deficit Our Safety
  • Aging Populations Medical and Financial
    Needs
  • Care for our Veterans Crumbling
    Infrastructure
  • Failing Cities Foreign Relation Issues
    Wars

48
Group Time Cardinal vs Gold
  • We have four groups. The Cardinal Party. The
    Gold Party. Pool Reporters. VOTERS
  • The Topic The NSA should be allowed to record
    every Americans emails, phone calls and social
    media activities to ensure we stay safe from
    Terrorism.
  • Each Party has three minutes to share their view
    with the voting public.
  • Pool reporters You are covering the convention.
    Take notes. You will be asked to report your
    findings of each convention and be prompted for
    commentary.
  • Voters Who do you vote for and why?

49
Political Parties
  • Long-Range Objective
  • Standard 6.0 Individuals Groups Interactions
  • 6.3 understand the evolution of political parties
    and their role as a mechanism for creating and
    sustaining political participation.

50
Exit Polling Questions of the Day
  • Please take a piece of paper, put your name and
    period in upper right hand corner, answer the
    following questions and place it in the green
    folder
  • 1) What are the two major political parties in
    our country?
  • 2) Which party is viewed as Liberal?
  • 3) Which party is viewed as Conservative?
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