World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6eadb3-ZDBlM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water

Description:

WMO Training Workshop on Integrated Flood Management for countries in Western Asia and the Arab region 11-14 May 2009, Esteghlal Hotel, Tehran, Iran – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:16
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 22
Provided by: Gwen73
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water


1
WMO
Training Workshop on Integrated Flood
Management for countries in Western Asia and the
Arab region
11-14 May 2009, Esteghlal Hotel, Tehran, Iran
Floods and the Development Towards Integrated
Flood Management
AVINASH TYAGI Director, Climate and Water
WMO Climate and Water Department
www.apfm.info
2
(No Transcript)
3
Flood losses increase, but
4
Developing Countries are Hit the Hardest
5
Development Stages in Flood Management
Non-structural
IWRM
Structural
Community Participation
Legal Aspects
- time
6
Shortcomings of past FM Practices
  • Ad-hoc and stand alone
  • Reactive rather than proactive
  • Wrongly defined objective
  • Emphasis on structural measures
  • Monodisciplinary
  • Lessons from past failure not learnt
  • Flood policy is a neglected water policy issue on
    the international as well as, in many cases, the
    national level

7
Why Integrated Flood Management
8
Sustainable Development
  • Development that "meets the needs of the present
    without compromising the ability of future
    generations to meet their own needs.
  • ? In the flood management context mainly on the
    viability of floodplain use in the long term

9
Challenges of Flood Management
10
Challenges of Flood Management
11
Integrated Flood Management
  • Flood Management in the context of Integrated
    Water Resources Management, aiming at
  • Sustainable development balancing development
    needs and flood risks
  • Maximizing net benefits from floodplains ensure
    livelihood security and poverty alleviation
    thereby addressing vulnerability
  • Minimizing loss of life in particular through
    end-to-end FFW Systems and preparedness planning
    for extreme events
  • Environmental preservation ecosystem health
    services

12
Integrated Flood Management
  • Integrated Flood Management (IFM) refers to the
    integration of land and water management in a
    river basin using a combination of measures that
    focus on coping with floods within a framework of
    IWRM and adopting risk management principles
    while recognizing that floods have beneficial
    impacts and can never be fully controlled.

13
Integrated Flood Management Maximizing net
benefits from floodplains
In the case of floods, the appropriate economic
objective is thus to maximize the efficiency of
use of the catchment and not to minimize flood
losses. It can be easily shown that efficient
flood management policy can be accompanied by a
rise in both flood losses and the cost of flood
management.
  • In developing countries with primarily
    agricultural economies, food security is
    synonymous of livelihood security.
  • In developed economies as the flood plains have
    been exploited, the emphasis is on risk reduction

14
IFM Integrates?
  • Land and Water Management
  • Upstream and Downstream
  • Structural and Non-structural
  • Short term and Long-term
  • Local and basin level measures
  • Top down and Bottom up decision making
  • Development needs with ecologic and economic
    concerns

15
IFM Towards a sustainable development
  • Integrates and mixes strategies
  • Structural, Non-structural and Living with Floods
  • Short-term and Long-term
  • Local and basin level measures
  • Balances development needs and environmental
    concerns
  • Addresses all aspects of Flood Management
  • Scientific and Engineering
  • Social Aspects
  • Environmental Aspects
  • Economic Aspects
  • Legal and Institutional Aspects
  • Adaptive Management

16
What is risk?
  • Probability x Consequence
  • Hazard x Exposure x Vulnerability
  • Example floods
  • Hazard probability of a particular discharge or
    water level at a particular place
  • Exposure Land and assets in the inundation area
    of that flood
  • Vulnerability ability/disability of the people
    or assets to withstand, cope with or recover from
    the negative effects of that flood

17
How vulnerability and flood risk
Changes in socio-economic systems Land-use change, increasing exposure and damage potential floodplain development, growing wealth in flood-prone areas
Changes in terrestrial systems Land-cover change - urbanization, deforestation, elimination of wetlands and floodplains, river regulation
Changes in climate and atmospheric system Holding capacity of the atmosphere, intense precipitation, seasonality, circulation patterns
Source Kundzewicz Schellnhuber, 2004
18
Framework for Risk Management
Governance and Organizational Coordination and
Cooperation
Risk Transfer
Risk Identification and Assessment
Risk Reduction (Prevention Mitigation)
Sectoral planning Early warning
systems Emergency preparedness planning
Catastrophe insurance/bond markets Alternative
risk transfer
  • Historical hazard data, analysis and changing
    hazard trends
  • Exposed assets vulnerability
  • Risk quantification

Information and Knowledge SharingEducation and
training
19
Requirements of IFM
  • Clear and objective policies
  • Comprehensive assessment and understanding of
    development opportunities and flood risks
  • Multi-sectoral approach to reach the objectives
  • Appropriate legislation and regulations and
  • Innovative economic instruments.
  • with a multidisciplinary approach
  • Appropriate Institutional structures for proper
    coordination and linkages
  • Enabling participatory processes and
  • Information management and exchange mechanisms.

20
Integrated Flood Management Objectives
  • Sustainable development balancing development
    needs and flood risks
  • Maximizing net benefits ensure livelihood
    security, poverty alleviation and managing
    vulnerability
  • Minimizing loss of life
  • Environmental preservation

21
www.apfm.info
THANK YOU
About PowerShow.com