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How to Increase Student Learning in the History Class


Time On Task How to Increase Student Learning in the History Class Teaching American History B y Hasan Abdul-Malik Vice-Principal Solano Middle School – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How to Increase Student Learning in the History Class

How to Increase Student Learning in the History
Time On Task
Teaching American History B y Hasan
Abdul-Malik Vice-Principal Solano Middle School
How to Use This Presentation Time-On-Task How
to increase student learning
The focus of this presentation is to help
department heads, history and social studies
teachers teachers improve the quality of content
instruction in the classroom. 1. Discussed are
several important factors about student learning
and off task behavior will be reviewed. 2.
Teachers will learn what are some of the common
causes of student misbehavior 3. To learn
the importance of teacher preparedness and its
relation to student behavior 4. Awareness of
teacher directed behaviors that directly
influence student off task behaviors
What is Time-On-Task?
Group Work - Independent Work - Reading - Writing
Time-on-task is defined as the percentage of
classroom time when students are actively
engaged in learning.
When students are actively engaged in learning
they are Focused, Listening, Reading Writing,
Discussing, and Learning
Time-On-Task in the History and Social Studies
The most content-rich, creative lesson delivered
with the latest technology will not mean much
for a student staring out the window. Nor will
the latest text, hands-on materials,
collaborative groupings, or technology have
much effect upon kids who are goofing off
and socializing.
Teacher Preparedness Increases Time-On-Task
? One of the first steps towards increasing
student time-on-task is teacher preparedness.
? Being prepared sounds very obvious and
simplistic but good planning will help to avoid
many problems with classroom management,
time-on-task, and academic achievement.
What Can Teachers Do? Elements of Teacher
1. Have the assignment planned and well thought
out. Anticipate and factor unexpected
occurrences or events that could impact
students time-on-task 2. Have all the necessary
materials available 3. Post the assignment
for students to see and copy 4. Have the
students to begin working immediately with an
assignment 5. Monitor that the students have
begun the assignment
How To Increase Student Time On Task
? Incorporate Preventive Management teaching
strategies that focuses on a range of skills,
including alertness, keeping up the pace,
establishing routines and procedures ? It is the
teacher that set the learning climate of the
class during the course of instruction and
the teacher can take students off task with
unnecessary conversations or by causing
Teach Students Procedures
? A procedure is simply a method or process
for how things are to be done in a
classroom ? There should be a procedures for
almost everything the students must do in the
classroom ? All procedures must be rehearsed
until they become routines ? A smooth-running
class is based on the teachers ability to
teach students procedures. ? A well-managed
classroom is a task-oriented and predictable
Procedure Start
Teach the process
Finish Established Routine (Student
automatically know what to do)
Some Common Causes of Misbehavior
? Research finds the common behavior problems in
the classroom that teachers frequently
encounter, include ? Acts of inattention such
as being off task out of seat, or not doing
ones work ? Acts of defiance such as
disrespectful behavior and disobedience ?
Acts of disruption such as talking and
fidgeting ? These categories accounted
for 79 of all the misbehaviors
Lost Classroom Time
? About 50 of classroom time is lost due to
student misbehavior and being off task. ? 80
of lost time is due to talking without
permission. ? 19 is lost to daydreaming, out
of seat, making noises, etc. ? 1 is lost to
more serious misbehavior. ? Teacher
effectiveness is important towards preventing
lost instructional tie.
What is wrong with this picture?
Formula for Success
Time On Task ? Actual Learning Time
f time students of instructional ? 275
minutes engaged in actual minutes per day
learning 5 periods of
instructional time (55 minute per period)
Final Thoughts
? Think through how well you are prepared as a
teacher ? In team meetings collaboratively
set goals, objectives and discuss ways to
improve student and teacher time-on task
? Teach students procedures that will become
routines and help facilitate academic
achievement. ? Have a positive and optimistic
attitude and it will become a reality
Students are Focused on Learning
Completing Work Assignments
Think through how well you are prepared as a
Expected Student Behavior
5 Types of Student Misbehavior
Aggression physical and verbal attacks by
students on the teacher or other
students. Immorality acts such as cheating,
lying and stealing. Defiance refusal,
sometimes hostile to do as the of
authority teacher request. Goofing off
fooling around, not doing assigned task,
dropping a book and day-dreaming. Class
talking loudly, calling out, getting out seat
disruptions and walking around, clowning,
tossing objects and the like.