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DO: Today we will learn about the seven classification groups.

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1/22/15 Agenda: Bell work Classification of Living things Materials: - Pencil Notebook Classification Packet DO: Today we will learn about the seven classification ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DO: Today we will learn about the seven classification groups.


1
DO Today we will learn about the seven
classification groups.
  • 1/22/15 Agenda
  • Bell work
  • Classification of Living things
  • Materials
  • - Pencil
  • Notebook
  • Classification Packet
  • DQ Why do we have a classification system?

2
KINGDOM
PHYLUM
CLASS
ORDER
FAMILY
GENUS
SPECIES
3
Definitions Part B
  • 1. Kingdom the largest taxonomic group has
    the largest variety of organisms
  • 2. Phyla more than one phylum
  • 3. Genus second smallest taxonomic group made
    up of related species groups
  • 4. Species
  1. smallest and most specific taxonomic group

b) only one kind of organism belongs to a
species group
c) members are not identical to each other
(allows for individual differences)
d) a group of organisms that can make offspring
that are capable of reproducing
4
Mnemonic or Silly Dilly
  • KENNY POPPED CORN ON FARMER GREENS STOVE
  • KINGDOM, PHYLUM, CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY, GENUS,
    SPECIES

5
Scientific Naming System for Organisms
Binomial Nomenclature
  • Definitions

common name name that is commonly used to
identify an organism
Examples house cat, lion, gray wolf, pet dog,
coyote, leopard frog
6
Binomial Nomenclature
  • B) Reasons a Scientific Naming System was Needed

1) Language differences make it difficult for
scientists to communicate with each other.
2) Some organisms have more than one common name.
  • 3) Some common names are misleading.
  • Examples
  • Silverfish are insects, not fish.
  • A seahorse is not a horse.

7
Binomial Nomenclature
  • C. Carolus Linnaeus
  • 1. Swedish scientist who lived in the 1700s
  • 2. He designed the scientific naming system for
    organisms.

8
Todays scientific naming system for organisms
  • 1. Language used was Latin because it was used
    by educated people.
  • 2. Binomial nomenclature a two-word naming
    system for organisms

a. First word (begins with a capital letter)
This is the name of the genus group to which the
organism belongs.
b. Second word (all lower case letters) This
is the name of the species group to which the
organism belongs.
c. Scientific names are either underlined or
written in italics.
9
Todays scientific naming system for organisms
  • Examples of scientific names of organisms

Common Name Scientific Name






Leopard Frog Rana Pipiens
house cat
Felis domesticus
Panthera leo
lion
gray wolf
Canis lupus
pet dog
Canis familiaris
Canis latrans
coyote
Homo sapien
human
10
Creating Scientific Names
  • Latin endings for scientific names
  • is
  • us male endings
  • ius
  • a
  • ia female endings
  • onia
  • um
  • ium neutral endings

11
Creating Scientific Names
  • Examples Felis domesticus
  • Ursus horribilis
  • For Personal Names
  • 1st word 2nd word
  • NOUN 1. ADJECTIVE
  • 1st letter is a capital 2. all lower case
    letters
  • Latin ending 3. Latin ending
  • UNDERLINE 4. UNDERLINE
  • Example 1 Froggius hoppius
  • Example 2 Karena skatera
  • Try making up your own name!!!

12
Classification
  • Wrap-up
  • Plants move by wind, water, or external forces
    (animals (Humans)
  • Kingdom classifies on basis of cellular
    organization methods of nutrition ingest,
    absorb or produce
  • Phylum classified on similarities in basic body
    plan or organization. 33 phyla. (Arthropod
    (external skeleton), Mollusca (soft, segmented
    body), Chordates- (Notochord-have a backbone -
    vertebrates), etc.

13
Classification
  • So, heres how the classification system works
  • Kingdom ANIMAL or ANIMALIA
  • Phylum CHORDATA
  • Class MAMMALIA has a backbone and nurses
    their young
  • Order RODENTIA has a backbone, nurses their
    young, long sharp front teeth
  • Family SECURIDAE has a backbone, nurses their
    young, has long sharp front teeth, and has a
    bushy tail
  • Genus TAMIASCIURUS has a backbone, nurses
    their young, has long sharp front teeth, has a
    bushy tail and climbs trees
  • Species hudsonicus brown fur on its back,
    white fur on its under parts
  • Tamiasciurus hudsonicus brown squirrel

14
CLASSWORK
  • SPELLING 3
  • WORKSHEET 4
  • SPELLING 2
  • WORKSHEET 3
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