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HAUSSMANIZATION CITY PLANNING IN RIO de JANEIRO

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HAUSSMANIZATION CITY PLANNING IN RIO de JANEIRO BILLY DORN BRITTLEA KEITH KAWANSI TAYLOR ERIK TOWNE Baron Haussmann Was a French civic planner whose name is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HAUSSMANIZATION CITY PLANNING IN RIO de JANEIRO


1
HAUSSMANIZATION CITY PLANNING IN RIO de JANEIRO
  • BILLY DORN
  • BRITTLEA KEITH
  • KAWANSI TAYLOR
  • ERIK TOWNE

2
Baron Haussmann
  • Was a French civic planner whose name is
    associated with the rebuilding of Paris.
  • Policy of massive urban surgery
  • Baron Haussmann remade the urban fabric of Paris
    between 1850-70
  • model for cities anxious to meet new demands of
    traffic
  • State exercises power of eminent domain
  • Expropriated land (after surgery)
  • May be sold to a third party
  • Not original owner

3
Haussmannization in Paris
  • RENNOVATED PARIS
  • Created a network of large avenues
  • Rings of boulevards are completed
  • Created long winding streets connecting districts
    on the outskirts of the city
  • Converted city squares
  • Converted railroad stations
  • Built monuments, public facilities green spaces
    throughout Paris

4
Rio de Janeiro Pre Renovation
  • Old city was colonial style
  • City had not changed significantly until the
    renovation in early 1900s
  • Many dangerous areas were left unfixed
  • Dangerous alley ways and neighborhoods
  • Old city was not designed exceptionally well.
  • City administrative headquarters from colonial
    setup were mixed into the slum housing
    neighborhoods.
  • Colonial style city was not going to make Rio de
    Janeiro an important location to the
    international market.
  • Redesign of the city was vital to make Rio de
    Janeiro competitive.

5
Rio de Janeiro - Renovation
  • Led by Fransico Pereira Passos, mayor of Rio de
    Janeiro from 1902 to 1906
  • Had an engineering background
  • Rio de Janeiro began massive city redesign
  • Destroyed and replaced almost all of the colonial
    buildings and the colonial layout of the city
  • Colonial buildings no longer served a significant
    purpose
  • City redesign was based on European capital
    cities
  • Haussmannization city planning was used
  • European capital cities were prosperous on the
    international stage

6
Rio de Janeiro
  • Central Avenue (Avenida Rio Branco)
  • Ran the length of the entire downtown city
  • Buildings less than three-stories lined the
    avenue the entire length
  • Brought many tourists to the city for the
    night-life scene
  • Currently full of office buildings and heavy
    traffic
  • Not as popular as it once was
  • Cinelandia
  • Square along Central Avenue
  • Named after the many theatres built during the
    earlier part of the 20th century.
  • Now home to museums and theatres

7
Rio de Janeiro
  • The city has been renovated to attract massive
    amounts of tourists
  • Beach front hotels and resorts
  • Popular parks throughout the city
  • Large centers for business and trade

8
Rio de Janeiro
  • City was separated into six different districts
    with different zoning regulations
  • Business Center Centro de Negocios
  • Administrative Center Centro Administrativo
  • Monumental Center Centro Monumental
  • Financial Center Centro Banacario
  • Embassy Center Bairro das Embaixadas
  • Calabouco Gardens Jardins do Calabouco

9
Rio de Janeiro
  • Districts laid out for economic classes
  • Districts along the southern coast were designed
    to please the upper class
  • The middle-class was influenced to settle down in
    the districts that were first redesigned
  • Poor people were left out
  • of the inner city
  • Had to find housing outside the city
  • Shanty Towns rose in popularity

10
Rio de Janeiro Problems
  • Following the renovation there were many problems
    that the city faced
  • Increased traffic
  • High costs of living
  • When the city was renovated the majority of slum
    housing was destroyed causing little living
    opportunities for the poorer community
  • Poor citizens moved out of inner city and began
    to build even poorer homes on the outskirts of
    the city
  • Shanty Towns
  • The inner city began to fall apart as the skirts
    of the city became over run with poor people

11
Impact of Renovation
  • The renovation projects in Rio de Janeiro have
    increased the cities market value in the
    international market
  • The city is now a common place for tourists,
    trade, and international activities
  • World Youth Day 2013 will be hosted in Rio de
    Janeiro
  • 2014 World Cup Final
  • 2016 Olympic Games

12
Haussmannization In Rio
  • Haussmannization expand from Paris to Rio
  • There was public buildings built in Rio in the
    second empire style
  • Two of the buildings were the Biblioteca Nacional
    (1910) and the Museo Nacional de Belas Artes
  • The building that stood out the most was the
    Teatro Municipal (All of this building Materials
    was imported from Europe)

13
Cont.
  • The Haussmannization in Rio had echoes in most
    other large Brazilian cities
  • But Rio was the city that experimented the
    further especially between the 1926-30
  • Haussmannization created more than just beautiful
    buildings in Brazil it helped with the
    internationalization of trade between Europe.

14
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
  • What concept is city-planning in Rio based on?
  • What sporting events are coming to Rio due to
    renewed interests in the city?
  • What problems occurred due to renovations in Rio?
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