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Model of Evaluation a. Hierarchical Criteria Model (classical model by Bennett, 1976)

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Model of Evaluation a. Hierarchical Criteria Model (classical model by Bennett, 1976) 7. Final outcome Achievement of objective 6. Skills change Individual and group – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Model of Evaluation a. Hierarchical Criteria Model (classical model by Bennett, 1976)


1
Model of Evaluationa. Hierarchical Criteria
Model (classical model by Bennett, 1976)
7. Final outcome
Achievement of objective
6. Skills change
Individual and group
5. Psychological change
Attitude, values, interest
4. Reaction
Response, feedback
Total, pattern, continuity, seasonal
3. Participation
2. Activity
During implementation
1. Input (resource)
Physical, and non-physical resources
2
1. Input (Resource)
  • All physical and non-physical resources including
    human resources (participants)

3
  • Indicators involve in the evaluation of this
    criterion are total resources used,
    maintenance of the resources, skills of
    participants in using resources, how resources
    mobilized, etc.
  • Inputs are prime movers in any program.

4
2. Activity
  • Evaluate activities at all stages - initiation,
    implementation and evaluation.
  • Activities listed in the plan of work or calendar
    of activities are used.
  • Judgement on the activities e.g. in the form
    satisfactory, or excellent.

5
3. Participation
  • ? Total involved.
  • ? Pattern of involvement.
  • ? Continuity continuous or seasonal.

6
4. Reaction
  • Response and acceptance of people.
  • Shown by their commitment, interest.

7
Cognitive and AffectiveChange
  • ? Understanding and awareness.
  • ? Shown by their interest, value, and
    attitudinal changes.

8
6. Skills change
  • Impact as a result of cognitive and affective
    changes.
  • Especially involvement in the use of
    technological innovations in the CD program. E.g.
    Better use of hydroponics farming, proper use of
    computer in information sharing in the villages

9
  • Skills change is more difficult to measure.
  • Takes longer time.

10
7. Final outcome
  • Achievement of objectives.
  • At the end of program.

11
b. Model Context, Input Process and Product
(CIPP) by Stufflebeam (2000)
12
Context
  • To see the appropriateness of program based on
    situation of the program such environmental
    characteristics, and communitys problem.
  • Seen at macro level.

13
  • Historical background of the area is relevant.
  • Basis for other types of evaluation (input,
    process and product).

14
Input
  • See the handling of inputs including human
    resources, activities and the sequence, support
    services and budget use.
  • Micro level.

15
  • Make use of the calendar of activities.
  • See the input-output analysis.

16
Process
  • Also called on-going evaluation or formative
    evaluation, or monitoring, or operational
    evaluation.

17
  • Objectives
  • - to identify weaknesses
  • - to predict results of implementation
    activities

18
  • - to find remedies for the weaknesses.
  • - needs on-going staff to do
  • evaluation.
  • - data/information are collected formally and
    informally.

19
Product
  • Normally called final evaluation or summative
    evaluation.
  • To measure the achievement of program objectives.

20
  • The effectiveness of context, input and process
    evaluation will affect product evaluation.

21
  • Product evaluation tells about the level of
    achievement, but process and input explain why
    that level is achieved.
  • Overall evaluation should look at the four
    aspects of CIPP.

22
Who are Program Evaluators
  • Internal
  • External

23
Internal
  • Planners, implementers and all that are involved
    in the program.
  • All the community.

24
Advantages
  • They know the in an out of program (they
    experience), including the weaknesses and
    strengths.

25
Disadvantages
  • May bias, highlight the goodness of the program
    only.

26
External
  • Consultant
  • Someone who comes from outside the program.
  • Specialist in the area, knows very well about the
    subject matter.

27
Advantages
  • Very objective
  • Capable of assessing critical issues.

28
Disadvantages
  • May give extreme results
  • Not experiencing the practical side of the
    program.
  • Dependent on documents.
  • High cost.
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