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Jacksonian Democracy

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Jacksonian Democracy For whom was Jacksonian Democracy named? President Andrew Jackson What characterized American politics in the Age of Jackson? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian Democracy


1
Jacksonian Democracy
2
For whom was Jacksonian Democracy named?
  • President Andrew Jackson

3
What characterized American politics in the Age
of Jackson?
  • A new democratic spirit

4
Who participated in American politics for the
first time during the Age of Jackson?
  • The American masses

5
In what type of government do the people who are
best qualified to rule hold all the power?
  • An Aristocracy

6
What is an aristocrat?
  • A member of the ruling class

7
Define suffrage.
  • The right to vote

8
What was universal white manhood suffrage?
  • All adult white males were eligible to vote

9
What two voting requirements did universal white
manhood suffrage eliminate?
  • Religious (church membership)
  • Property ownership

10
What is a national convention?
  • Members of the same political party meet to
    choose that partys candidates for president and
    vice president

11
How did Andrew Jackson reward his supporters?
  • The spoils system

12
What was the spoils system?
  • Giving government jobs to political supporters

13
What was the biggest criticism of the spoils
system?
  • The best qualified people did not get government
    jobs

14
Why did Jackson distrust the Bank of the United
States?
  • Undemocratic
  • Controlled by the Eastern elite

15
Who made up the Eastern elite during the Age of
Jackson?
  • Wealthy businessmen

16
How can a president block a bill passed by
Congress?
  • Veto it

17
What does it mean for a president to veto a bill?
  • Reject it

18
What action did President Jackson take on the
bill to recharter the BUS?
  • Vetoed it

19
How did Jacksons veto of the bank bill differ
from all previous presidential vetoes?
  • It was not based on constitutional grounds.

20
What precedent was set by Jacksons bank veto?
  • Presidents can veto any bill they dont like.

21
What was the main issue in the 1832 election?
  • Jacksons bank veto

22
Who ran against Jackson in 1832?
  • Henry Clay

23
What was Henry Clays political party?
  • National Republican

24
What political party did the National Republicans
become?
  • The Whig Party

25
What was Jacksons main goal during his second
term as president?
  • Destroy the Bank of the United States

26
How did Jackson destroy the BUS?
  • He withdrew all the federal governments money
    from the BUS

27
What resulted from Jacksons decision to take the
federal money out of the BUS?
  • A major economic depression
  • Panic of 1837

28
What did white Americans do to the Indians during
the Age of Jackson?
  • Beat them in wars
  • Kicked them off their lands

29
What did the Indian Removal Act do?
  • Forced Southeastern Indians to move to a new
    Indian Territory

30
In what present day state was the new Indian
Territory?
  • Oklahoma

31
What was the forced journey of the Cherokee
Indians from their homes in Georgia to the new
Indian Territory in Oklahoma?
  • The Trail of Tears

32
What Indians were on the Trail of Tears?
  • The Cherokees

33
What happened to nearly 1/4 of the Cherokees on
the Trail of Tears?
  • They died.

34
What happened to other Indian tribes during the
Age of Jackson?
  • Forced to move to Oklahoma
  • Made to stay on reservations

35
What happened to American Indians throughout the
rest of the 19th century?
  • Forced to move off their ancestral lands
  • Kicked off their land
  • Made to live on reservations

36
What was the main goal of the womens rights
movement during the Jacksonian period?
  • Womens suffrage
  • Or the right to vote

37
When did the womens rights movement begin?
  • 1848

38
Where did the womens rights movement begin?
  • Seneca Falls, New York

39
What right for women did the Seneca Falls
Declaration support?
  • Womens suffrage

40
Who were two of the early leaders of the womens
suffrage movement?
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Susan B. Anthony
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