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Title: Wales Author: kasutaja8 Last modified by: user Created Date: 6/12/2002 6:47:07 AM Document presentation format: Affichage l' cran (4:3) Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Wales

  • Wales

The Map of Wales
General Facts
  • Part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
    Northern Ireland.
  • Area 20,760 sq km (8,015 sq miles)
  • Population 2,798,200
  • Languages English (100), Welsh (20)
  • Capital City Cardiff
  • National Motto Cymru am Byth ("Wales for Ever")

History of Wales
  • The history of Wales begins with the arrival
    of Human beings in the region thousands of years
    ago. Neanderthals lived in what is now Wales,
    or Cymru in walsh, at least 230,000 years
    ago.Homo sapeins  had arrived by about 31,000 BC.
    However, continuous habitation by modern humans
    dates from the period after the end of the last
    ice age around 9000 BC, and Wales has many
    remains from the Mesolithic, Neolithic,
    and Bronze Agethe Deceangli.
  • Wales came into existence as a country with Henry
    the VIIIs Act of Union in 1536.
  • The origin of the word Wales is a strange one. It
    is a variation on a common word used hundreds of
    years ago by the Anglo-Saxons to mean foreigners
    or outsiders. Independent Principality 1400-1416.
  • Constituent of Kingdom of Great Britain
    (1707-1801) and United Kingdom (from 1801).

Wales in the Roman era
  • The Roman conquest of Wales began in AD 48 and
    was completed in 78, with Roman rule lasting
    until 383. Roman rule in Wales was a military
    occupation, save for the southern coastal region
    of south wales east of the Gower peninsula, where
    there is a legacy of Romanisation.The only town
    in Wales founded by the Romans, Caerwent, is
    located in South Wales. Both Caerwent
    and carmarthen, also in southern Wales, would
    become Roman civitates.During the occupation
    both the region that would become Wales and its
    people were a mostly anonymous part of Roman.
  • By AD 47 Rome had invaded and conquered all of
    southernmost and southeastern Britain under the
    first Roman Governor of Britain. As part of the
    Roman conquest of Britain, a series of campaigns
    to conquer Wales was launched by his successor in
    48 and would continue intermittently under
    successive governors until the conquest was
    completed in 78. It is these campaigns of
    conquest that are the most widely known feature
    of Wales during the Roman era .

Modern history
  • The modern history of Wales starts in the 19th
    century when South Wales became heavily
    industrialized with ironworks this, along with
    the spread of coal mining to the Cynon
    and Rhhodda valleys from the 1840s, led to an
    increase in population. The social effects of
    industrialization resulted in armed uprisings
    against the mainly English owners.
  • The first decade of the 20th century was the
    period of the coal boom in South Wales, when
    population growth exceeded 20 per cent.
    Demographic changes affected the language
    frontier the proportion of Welsh speakers in the
    Rhondda valley fell from 64 per cent in 1901 to
    55 per cent ten years later, and similar trends
    were evident elsewhere in South Wales. The labour
    party  replaced the Liberals as the dominant
    party in Wales after the First world war
    particularly in the industrial valleys of south

  • The Red Dragon of Wales was introduced to Britain
    by the Romans some eighteen hundred years ago.
  • St. David is the patron saint of Wales.
  • The leek is the emblem of Wales since the 16th
  • The daffodil is a Welsh national emblem.

The Welsh Flag
  • The origins of the Red Dragon flag, or "y Draig
    Goch" could date back to the Roman period.
  • The dragon was used by Roman military.
  • After the Romans left, the Red Dragon remained as
    a key emblem of Wales.

  • Belongs to a branch of Celtic, an Indo-European
  • Their language is a distant cousin to Irish and
    Scots Gaelic and a close brother to Breton.
  • Welsh is still used by about half a million
    people within Wales and possibly another few
    hundred thousand in England and other areas
  • English 100, Welsh 20.

Seven Wonders of Wales
  • Snowdon is the highest mountain in Wales and the
    highest British mountain outside Scotland. The
    mountain is located inside the Snowdon National
    Park in the north of Wales a popular tourist
    site for hikers. It is 1085 meters high and its
    name derives from the Saxon Snow Dun which can be
    translated as Snow Hill.

  • The Gresford Bells belong to All Saints Church
    in the old mining village of Gresford near
    Wrexham. The church dates back to 1492 and was
    built using a distinctive sandy brown coloured
    stone called Millstone Grit. The stone used to be
    mined locally and has been used in most of the
    areas construction.

  • Wales is a land of mountains, valleys and
    bridges. The most famous bridge is the Llangollen
    Bridge built in 1347 over the River Dee.
    Llangollen is in north Wales and is also famous
    for the International Eisteddfod an annual music
    festival that has been going strong since 1947.

  • At Holywell a small village in Flintshire, North
    Wales, you can visit Saint Winifredes well a
    holy well with water that is said to have
    miraculous cures. Christians believe that it was
    on the site of this well where Saint Winifredes
    decapitated head was miraculously attached once
    more to her body. Many religious pilgrims
    continue to visit the well on a regular basis.

Church steeple
  • The steeple, or tower, of Saint Giless Anglican
    Church in Wrexham is considered the fifth Wonder
    of Wales. The design of the tower at Yale
    University in the U.S.A was based on the one at
    Saint Giless because the universitys
    benefactor, Elihu Yale, had Welsh ancestry and is
    actually buried in the grounds of the church.

  • At another church, the Church of Saint Mary the
    Virgin, in Overton-on-Dee, the yew trees growing
    in the garden are Waless sixth wonder. The
    oldest trees predate the church itself. They are
    thought to be around 2000 years old.

  • the Pistyll Rhaeadr waterfall in the Berwyn
    Mountains is the seventh wonder of Wales. It is
    formed by the Afon Disgynfa river flowing over a
    75 metre cliff face and is sometimes called The
    hidden pearl of Wales. This is another popular
    place for tourists to Wales

The popular rhyme of seven wonders
Pistyll Rhaeadr and Wrexham steeple, Snowdons
mountain without its people, Overton yew trees,
ST Winefride wells, Llangollen bridge and
Gresford bells

  • Wales is a land of beautiful nature, rich
    culture and amazing architecture.

Thank you for your attention and good luck
for the MED-TERM ?