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Interest Groups as Linkage Institutions

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Interest Groups as Linkage Institutions Interest Groups as Factions Madison (Federalist 10) his description of factions defines the interest groups found today ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Interest Groups as Linkage Institutions


1
Interest Groups as Linkage Institutions
2
Interest Groups as Factions
  • Madison (Federalist 10) his description of
    factions defines the interest groups found today
  • Madisons broad language The latent causes of
    faction are sown in the nature of man..
    predicted the potential for multiple factions on
    many topics
  • Definition People who share common goals,
    interact with each other, and organize to affect
    the public agenda.

3
Types of Interest Groups
  • Economic primary purpose is to promote the
    economic interest of their members
  • National Assoc. of Manufacturers
  • AFL-CIO (unions)
  • U.S. Chamber of Commerce
  • Pharmaceutical Manufacturers
  • National Farmers Union
  • Tobacco Institute
  • American Medical Assoc.
  • National Assoc. of Trial Lawyers
  • American Petroleum Institute

4
Types of Interest Groups
  • Public Interest Groups narrowly focused
    groups, often on a single issue
  • American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
  • American Assoc. of Retired Persons (AARP)
  • The Brady Campaign.
  • National Assoc. for the Advancement of
    Colored
  • People (NAACP)
  • National Rifle Assoc. (NRA)
  • National Abortion Rights League (NARAL)
  • National Right to Life Committee
  • Christian Coalition

5
Types of Interest Groups
  • Environmental Groups formed to protect many
    parts of the environment
  • Greenpeace
  • Sierra Club
  • Environmental Defense Fund
  • National Audubon Society
  • The Nature Conservancy
  • League of Conservation Voters

6
Types of Interest Groups
  • Public Interest/Good Government search for
    public policy that is in the interest of the
    general public
  • Common Cause
  • Public Citizen
  • National Right to Work
  • MADD

7
Interest Groups as linkage institutions
  • Strategies to influence the public agenda
  • Information education of public,
  • Congress, White House, etc.
  • Mass media appeal
  • Mass mailings
  • Electioneering activities
  • campaigning, issue ads, etc.
  • Political Action Committees (PACs)

8
Interest Groups as linkage institutions
  • Lobbying
  • Congress draft legislation, testify,
  • astroturf pressure, polls,
  • use constituents a
  • grassroots
  • Executive Branch information, testify,
  • assist with rules for
  • regulatory agencies
  • Courts amicus curiae briefs,
  • nominations

9
Interest Groups as linkage institutions
  • Other Activities
  • Grassroots direct mail, internet, radio
  • talk shows
  • Protest rally, parade, breaking the
  • law
  • Election endorsements, rating
  • candidates,
    contributions thru
  • PACs, issue ads, 527
  • committees, getting out
    the
  • vote (GOTV)

10
Interest Groups Influence
  • Positive Advantage for democracy because it
    allows individual citizens to influence
    government in ways that are beyond their ballot
    links them to the public agenda
  • Negative The poorer citizens those in
    minorities are poorly represented, there is too
    much money involved in the process (elitist), and
    there is too much opportunity for influence of
    the public agenda to be purchased

11
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