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Worldview and Ethics

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Worldview and Ethics Conclusion Jesus has the most defensible answers to all these questions. He has them in a form that constitutes knowledge. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Worldview and Ethics


1
Worldview and Ethics
2
Definitions
  • The Big Picture
  • The Power to Do Whats Right

3
What is Ethics?
  • The doctrines of morality or social manners
  • The science of moral philosophy, which teaches
    men their duty and the reasons of it
  • A system of rules for regulating the actions and
    manners of men in society

Definitions from Noah Websters 1828 Dictionary
4
What is morality?
  • Definition (Webster) duties of men in their
    social character virtue the quality of an
    action which renders it good
  • Morality is not a concept in a vacuum
  • Morality is part of a bigger picture
  • Morality is the outworking of our worldview.

5
What is a Worldview?
  • Paradigm lenses to view the data
  • Everyone has a worldview.
  • It is the way you look at the world
    (weltanschauung).
  • A philosophical framework for filtering and
    categorizing data and experiences.
  • Defines the nature of reality according to that
    person.
  • First principles.

6
Three Basic Worldviews
  • Theism
  • Naturalism
  • Transcendentalism

7
Worldview leads to Morality
  • Cause -gt Effect
  • Belief -gt Actions
  • Paradigm -gt Behavior
  • Worldview -gt Morality and Ethics

8
Theism
  • There is a God
  • There is nature
  • The two are separate and distinct, and both are
    real

9
Naturalism
  • There is no God
  • There is only nature
  • God is an illusion

10
Transcendentalism
  • There is only God
  • There is no nature
  • Nature is an illusion

11
Grand Metaphysical Stories
  • Theism
  • Creation - God made nature out of nothing
  • Naturalism
  • Evolution - Nature made itself out of nothing
  • Transcendentalism
  • Reincarnation - God made nothing - nature is an
    illusion - all are part of God

12
Morality and Christian Theism
  • God is real
  • He is the source of morality
  • God is morally perfect He is the standard
  • Morality is objectively real
  • He instilled a moral sense in each of us
  • We are not morally perfect we sin
  • Love and self-sacrifice are central ethics

13
Morality and Naturalism
  • Nature is real
  • Individuals are the source of morality
  • There is no moral perfection we are our own
    standard
  • Morality is subjective convention at best and
    illusory at worst
  • Moral sense is a product of society and education
  • Survival and self-interest are central ethics

14
Morality and Transcendentalism
  • God is real, but an impersonal force.
  • We as divine beings are the source of morality
    if it feels right to you then it is right.
  • We are our own moral standard external
    authority limits enlightenment, saps personal
    power, and denies our godhood.
  • Morality is related to our karma.
  • Moral sense is a product of our experience over
    various lifetimes. What appears to be evil in
    this life may be the opposite in another
    incarnation.
  • We are morally perfect, because everyone acts
    morally. We are all seeking our shortest path to
    the Divine.
  • Do what you will is the central ethic. There
    is no right and wrong.

15
Good and Worldview
  • Transcendentalism good and evil are opposites
    of the same coin, illusory
  • Naturalism individually determined, illusory

16
Good and Worldview
  • Christian Theism good is a real property,
    because God is good. Evil is a privation of the
    good. God is not evil, nor originated evil in
    the world
  • Physical analogies
  • Light and dark
  • Heat and cold

17
What is Man?
  • Man in the generic sense.
  • Are humans inherently good or evil?
  • Transcendentalists meaningless question
  • Naturalists meaningless question
  • Theists a very important question

18
Theistic Views of Man
  • Classic liberalism
  • Man is inherently good
  • Any vestige of evil is due to
  • Bad socialization
  • Bad socio-economic conditions
  • Bad education
  • Remove these and man will naturally do good.
  • This view can be found in Christian circles not
    only by theological liberals, but also Methodists
    and Neo-Orthodox.

19
Theistic Views of Man
  • Calvinism
  • Man inherently evil
  • Man is completely fallen, including Gods image.
  • He is so fallen that he is incapable of good

20
Theistic Views of Man
  • Biblical view
  • Man is inherently both good and evil
  • He is fallen, but still in the image of God
    tainted by sin
  • He is capable of good and evil, but has a
    tendency toward evil.
  • He is like an onion

21
The Power to Do Whats Right
22
We Know What Is Right
  • We know what is right
  • We dont always do what is right
  • This is the human dilemma

23
The Human Dilemma
  • St. Paul reflected the human dilemma well
  • In fact, I dont understand why I act the way I
    do. I dont do what I know is right. I do the
    things I hate. . .What a miserable person I am.
    Who will rescue me from this body that is doomed
    to die? Thank God! Jesus Christ will rescue me
    Romans 7

24
The Difference
  • All great religions teach moral codes
  • Why is being a follower of Jesus Christ any
    different than being Jewish, Muslim, Hindu, or
    Buddhist?
  • Following Jesus Christ is more than religion
  • Following Jesus Christ is a relationship
  • He gives His followers power to live

25
Moral Facts About Jesus Christ
  • He proposed the highest moral teaching of anyone
    in history.
  • He actually lived his moral philosophy.
  • How could he do it?
  • Jesus was the Creator God of the Universe who
    took on human form to visit us.
  • Since God is morally perfect, Jesus lived a
    morally perfect life.
  • Consequently, he knows how to live rightly.

26
Moral Facts About Jesus Christ
  • Jesus told his disciples that it is to their
    advantage that he leave them.
  • The perfect, all-loving, all-powerful God of the
    Universe was localized in a body, so was
    restricted by that body.
  • Once unembodied God promised he would return to
    his children by his Holy Spirit to
  • Comfort them
  • Teach them
  • Never leave them or forsake them
  • The God of the Universe would take up residence
    in them.

27
The Difference
  • The perfect, all-loving, all-powerful God of the
    Universe lives in each of his children.
  • He does not force his way on us, but if we
    willingly allow him to live his life through us
    we can live as we ought to live. He knows how to
    live up to his own standard.
  • Only Gods children have Gods Spirit in them,
    but anyone can be Gods child if they want to be.

28
Living By His Spirit
  • You are no longer ruled by your desires, but by
    Gods Spirit, who lives in you. People who dont
    have the Spirit of Christ in them dont belong to
    him. But Christ lives in you. So you are alive
    because God has accepted you, even though your
    bodies must die because of your sins. . .My dear
    friends, we must not live to satisfy our desires.
    If you do, you will die. But you will live, if
    by the help of Gods Spirit you say No to your
    desires. Only those people who are led by Gods
    Spirit are his children (Romans 89, 10, 12-14).

29
Why So Much Scandal (Revisited)?
  • Two reasons that America has such moral problems
  • Christians are ignorant of the power of God
    within them.
  • Too many people think they are Christians, but
    have, in fact, embraced a caricature of
    Christianity.
  • Religion does not make one a Christian
  • Relationship does

30
My Story
  • I grew up in a Lutheran family, but this did not
    make me a true follower of Jesus Christ.
  • During my senior year in high school a friend of
    mine explained to me
  • How I could have my sins forgiven
  • Have fellowship with God directly and personally
  • Have power to live as Christ lived
  • Have a home in heaven when I died

31
My Story
  • I wanted that, and on June 30, 1980 I began my
    relationship with Jesus Christ.
  • This is a revolutionary concept
  • Jesus said I tell you for certain that before
    you can get into Gods kingdom, you must be born
    not only by water, but by the Spirit. Humans
    give life to their children. Yet only Gods
    Spirit can change you into a child of God (John
    35, 6).

32
My Story
  • My life has been an adventure ever since.
  • I am not perfect, but He who lives through me is.
    This is the foundation for morality. If I allow
    Jesus to live His perfect moral life through me I
    will do what I would not naturally do live
    rightly.

33
Conclusion
  • Every great teacher and every institution teaches
    on four main points
  • What is knowledge?
  • What is the nature of reality?
  • Who is well off?
  • Whos a really good person?

34
Conclusion
  • Jesus has the most defensible answers to all
    these questions.
  • He has them in a form that constitutes knowledge.
    He has brought them into the world, and we have
    the opportunity of representing them.
  • The Old Rugged Cross is where the best heart in
    the universe revealed itself, and invited
    everyone to step in. There is nothing you are
    going to hear anywhere that comes remotely close
    to that.
  • Where else can you have the power to live as you
    know you ought to live?
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