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The Renaissance 1450-1600

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Title: THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WEST, 1450 - 1750 Author: Paul Philp Last modified by: RUST, SCOTT Created Date: 2/12/2006 2:54:37 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance 1450-1600


1
  • The Renaissance 1450-1600
  • Essential Question
  • What was the Renaissance?
  • What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance?

2
The Renaissance
Western Europe emerged from the Middle Ages
during an era known as the Renaissance
From 1300 to 1600, Western Europe experienced a
rebirth in trade, learning, Greco-Roman ideas
During the Renaissance, Europeans developed new
ideas in art, govt, human potential
The Renaissance marked the beginning of the
modern era
3
Individuals became the center of attention during
the Renaissance
Social status was based on wealth ability, not
birthright
A new way of thinking began during the
Renaissance called Humanism
Humanists studied the classical ideas of Greece
Rome believed that education could make the
world a better place
4
SOUTHERN RENAISSANCE
  • Italian Renaissance
  • Renaissance, or rebirth of art and learning,
    1350-1600, based on Greece and Rome
  • Aristocrats, popes, nobles became wealthy patrons
    and tried to outdo one another
  • City-states sponsored innovations in art and
    architecture
  • Sculptors created natural poses
  • Renaissance architecture
  • Simple, elegant style, inherited from classical
    Greek and Roman
  • Magnificent domed cathedrals
  • Humanists or Man is the Measure of All Things
  • Drew inspiration from classical models especially
    Greece, Rome
  • Leading scholars included Dante, Petrarch
  • Scholars interested in humane letters
  • Literature, history, and moral philosophy
  • Called humanists
  • Recovered and translated many classical works
  • Attention to political and social issues and
    graces, too

5
Beginnings
  • 14th Century
  • Europemedieval
  • Italychanging
  • Centers/Patrons
  • 1st Florence de Medicis
  • 2nd Rome Roman Catholic Church

6
Humanism and Individualism
  • Began in 1300s Tuscany
  • Tuscan Triumvirate
  • Dante Alighieri
  • Petrarch
  • Boccaccio

Tuscany
7
The Crusades increased European demand for luxury
goods from Asia
Italian merchants began meeting the demand for
trade in Europe
8
The most important Italian city was Florence,
where wealth from trade sparked the Renaissance
As a result, Italian cities a wealthy middle
class began to form in Italy
A new middle class of bankers, merchants,
skilled craftsmen gained lots of power
The Medici family were wealthy bankers who used
heir wealth to turn Florence into Italys most
artistic city
9
Significance
  • Transition from Middle Ages to Early Modern
    Period
  • Change in how man looked at himself

Member of group
Individual
10
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Wrote The Prince
  • Analyzed politics
  • Observations or recommendations?

11
Northern Renaissance
  • Northern Renaissance
  • Especially strong in France, England, Netherlands
  • Focus was more on science, math, and Christianity
    (language favored was Hebrew)
  • Strongly supported by the middle classes and
    minor nobles
  • Leading figures include Shakespeare, Durer,
    Erasmus, Protestant reformers

12
The Northern Renaissance
  • Scholars and merchants in 15th century carried
    ideas
  • Centered in courts and universities
  • Humanized Christianity

13
Printing Press
  • Johannes Gutenberg
  • Spread quickly
  • Cheaper, quicker and more accurate
  • Encouraged literacy and knowledge

14
Northern Humanism
  • Sir Thomas More
  • England
  • Utopia
  • Erasmus
  • Netherlands
  • In Praise of Folly

15
Literature
  • England
  • William Shakespeare
  • Spain
  • Miguel de Cervantes

16
The Protestant Reformation
By the early 1500s, the Catholic Church was in
turmoil over the controversy of corruption
its unwillingness to adopt reforms
In Germany, a Catholic monk named Martin Luther
became involved in a serious dispute with the
Catholic Church
17
Martin Luthers stand against the Catholic Church
led to the formation of a new Christian
denomination known as Lutheranism
Lutheranism was the first of a series of
Protestant Christian faiths that broke from the
Catholic Church
18
Main Branches of Protestant Christianity
  • Lutheranism From Germany, Martin Luthers idea
    that only faith could save ones soul.
  • Calvinism From Switzerland, John Calvins idea
    that God has already decided who will be saved
    Predestination.
  • Anglicanism From England, Henry VIII broke away
    from Catholic Church after the pope refused to
    allow him to divorce his wife.
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