A communicable disease is disease that can be passed from one person to another. These diseases are often caused by germs, such as bacteria or viruses. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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A communicable disease is disease that can be passed from one person to another. These diseases are often caused by germs, such as bacteria or viruses.

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Streptococcus Pneumoniae Bacteria Ear infections Meningitis Pneumonia Influenza Virus Flu A communicable disease is disease that can be passed from one person to another. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A communicable disease is disease that can be passed from one person to another. These diseases are often caused by germs, such as bacteria or viruses.


1
  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae Bacteria
  • Ear infections
  • Meningitis
  • Pneumonia

Influenza VirusFlu
A communicable disease is disease that can be
passed from one person to another. These
diseases are often caused by germs, such as
bacteria or viruses.
2
Some examples of contagious bacterial diseases
are
-strep throat -impetigo -pertussis (whooping
cough) -bacterial conjunctivitis (pink
eye) Antibiotics Work
3
Some contagious viral infections include
  • varicella (chicken pox)
  • rubella (German measles)
  • the common cold
  • hepatitis
  • mumps
  • infectious mononucleosis
  • rubeola (measles)
  • Antibiotics Dont Work

4
How are Bacteria and Viruses Different?
5
Viruses
  • cause most common respiratory illnesses, such as
    colds and coughs
  • cause a variety of infections from diarrhea to
    meningitis
  • may take 2-3 weeks to resolve completely
  • some viruses can be prevented by vaccines and
    immunizations
  • antibiotics do not work for viruses

6
Viruses Cause...
  • Most bronchitis/chest colds
  • Green/yellow nasal discharge
  • Flu
  • Most sore throats
  • Ear aches and some sinusitis

.viruses clear up on their own - antibiotics
won't help!
7
Bacteria
  • make you sick when they are where they dont
    belong or grow more rapidly than normal
  • live in your mouth, nose and throat
  • are necessary for normal body functions like
    digestion
  • are one of the oldest living things on Earth

8
Bacteria Cause...
  • Strep throat
  • Some ear infections
  • Some sinus infections
  • Pneumonia

...these can be treated with antibiotics
9
What are Antibiotics?
Powerful medicines with one very important job
to fight disease-causing bacteria. When used
properly, antibiotics can save lives.
5
10
Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Are
Bacteria that mutate and are able to resist the
antibiotics that are meant to kill them. This
is a normal process speeded up by the overuse and
misuse of antibiotics.
8
11
What is Antibiotic Misuse?
  • Taking antibiotics when they are not needed
  • for viral infections
  • When needed, taking antibiotics incorrectly
  • stopping the medicine when you feel better - not
    finishing the prescription
  • saving antibiotics for a future illness
  • sharing or using someone elses medicine

6
12
Why do young children have more illness?
13
Infection can result from sharing towels, dishes,
or from handling contaminated objects. Indirect
contact or skin to skin contact can also result
in the spread of an illness.
14
Sometimes an illness is passed to others by a
carrier, or a person who has been infected by a
germ but does not look or feel sick. This person
may carry the germ in their nose, throat, or
stomach. They can pass the germ to others by
coughing, sneezing, or by not washing their hands
properly.
15
  • Your hands carry many germs even if you cant see
    them.
  • Many people dont wash their hands because they
    look clean.
  • As you can see this is not always the case.

Light patches indicate germs carried on the hands
16
Why is Antibiotic Misuse a Problem?
  1. Antibiotics become less effective and may not
    work the next time you use them.
  2. Improper use of antibiotics leads to more
    antibiotic resistant bacteria.
  3. Antibiotic resistant bacteria can be spread
    throughout the community and from person to
    person.

7
17
Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria
  • Require stronger antibiotics
  • Are more common in people who recently used
    antibiotics
  • Can be spread within a family or a community
  • Can affect anyone
  • Are becoming more common
  • Pediatrics, Vol. 112 No. 4, p. 862-69, October
    2003

9
18
Myths Facts about Antibiotics and Respiratory
Illness
21
19
Myths and Facts
  • Myth Taking antibiotics means I or my child can
    return to work or childcare sooner
  • Fact Antibiotics do not shorten the duration of
    viral illnesses
  • Everyone should stay home until they are
    fever-free and well enough to participate in
    activities whether they have a viral or bacterial
    illness.

22
20
Myths and Facts
  • Myth Cold and flu symptoms will feel better or
    get better faster on antibiotics
  • Fact Antibiotics cannot ease the symptoms of
    viral illnesses these infections resolve on
    their own
  • Children and adults need extra rest and care,
    extra fluidsnot antibiotics, symptomatic relief
    is helpful

23
21
Myths and Facts
  • Myth Illnesses with the same symptoms require
    antibiotics
  • Fact Illnesses with similar symptoms can be
    caused by different germs
  • Let a healthcare provider decide if the illness
    is caused by a virus or bacteria - and if
    antibiotics are needed

24
22
Myths and Facts
  • Myth If I take an antibiotic, I wont spread my
    illness to others
  • Fact Viral illnesses (colds, flu, etc.) usually
    spread from person to person before the onset of
    symptoms before a person appears ill
  • Antibiotics cannot stop the spread of viral
    illnesses

25
23
How do we Stop Antibiotic Misuse?
  • Dont ask for antibiotics let your doctor
    decide if you need them
  • Always take antibiotics exactly as prescribed
  • Finish the whole prescription - do not stop when
    you feel better
  • Never save antibiotics for a future illness or
    share with others

10
24
How Can You Keep Yourself Well
Handwashing Immunizations
29
25
Wash Your Hands...
  • Upon arrival to and before leaving work
  • Before and after handling food
  • Before and after toileting
  • After
  • working outside
  • handling pets
  • handling any body fluids
  • wiping a child's nose or your own
  • using play dough, sand or water tables

30
26
Hand Washing is Important Because
  • 80 of disease is spread by your hands.
  • Hand washing is the most effective way to prevent
    the spread of respiratory illness.
  • Some germs can live on dry surfaces for several
    hours and moist surfaces like, sinks for 3 days.

27
Handwashing Guidelines
  • Wet hands with warm, running water
  • Add soap (preferably liquid), rub hands together
    to make a lather, away from water, for at least
    15 seconds
  • Rinse hands well
  • Dry thoroughly with a clean, disposable towel
  • Use a hand sanitizer (alcohol-based) when soap
    and running water is not available (when outside
    or on trips, wash hands upon return from trips)

32
28
Despite Good Handwashing,
Children and adults will still get sick...
33
29
Immunizations
  • Immunizations are another important part of
    infection control for vaccine preventable disease
  • Make sure you and your family is up-to-date on
    immunizations
  • Get an annual flu shot

34
30
Take Home Messages
  • Viruses cause most common respiratory illnesses
  • Viral illness needs time to heal - antibiotics
    cannot help

35
31
Take Home Messages
  • Taking antibiotics for viral illnesses will not
  • cure the infection
  • keep others from getting the illness
  • make you feel better

But it will make it more likely you will have
resistant bacteria in your body.
36
32
Bottom Line
  • Antibiotics are powerful medicines, but they're
    not always the answer!
  • Misusing antibiotics now means they may not work
    when needed later to fight a bacterial infection
  • We all need to play a role to help keep
    antibiotics working!

38
33
Get Smart Virginia Know When Antibiotics Work
For more information Phone 804-864-8141
For more information and materials, visit
39
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