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Chapter 8 Test Review The Rise of Rome

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Chapter 8 Test Review The Rise of Rome 8th Grade World History How did Rome s geography differ from Greece s? What was Rome s nickname? Who founded the city of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 8 Test Review The Rise of Rome


1
Chapter 8 Test Review The Rise of Rome
8th Grade World History
2
How did Romes geography differ from Greeces?
1
  • less rocky
  • easier to unite
  • more farming

3
What was Romes nickname?
2
City on Seven Hills and Eternal City
4
Who founded the city of Roma?
3
Romulus Remus
April 21, 753 B.C.
When?
5
What happened in 509 B.C.?
4
  • Romans rebelled
  • overthrew cruel Etruscan kings
  • set up a republic

6
A legion is ____________
5
6,000 soldiers
7
Mare Nostrum means ________________________
6
Our Sea - Mediterranean
8
PATRICIAN
7
A wealthy landowner
Members of the ruling class
9
PLEBEIAN
9
common people
  • Artisans
  • Farmers
  • Merchants
  • Shopkeepers

10
CONSUL
9
Top 2 government officials
Patrician men Elected every year
11
Who could serve on the Senate?
10
300 patrician men
How long did they serve?
For life
12
Who were tribunes? _______________________________
11
10 plebeians who brought plebeian concerns before
the Senate had the right to veto
13
When could a Roman dictator rule? ___________
12
In times of emergency and only for 6 months
14
Who was Cincinnatus?
13
Ideal dictator of Rome Compared to ???
15
Define forum
14
marketplace
16
Twelve Tables _
15
1st laws of Rome carved in bronze
Where was it located?
Forum
17
What is the rule of law?
16
Law applies equally to everyone
How does it affect us today?
It is the basis of our legal system
18
People are innocent until proven guilty. 2.
People can defend themselves in front of a
judge. 3. A judges decision is based on
evidence.
16
19
Who fought in the Punic Wars?
17
Rome and Carthage
Why?
For control of Sicily and the Mediterannean
Who won?
Rome General Scipio
20
Who was Hannibal?
17
A great Carthaginian general he invaded Rome
from the Alps with an army of 40-60,000 soldiers,
horse and war elephants. He was defeated by
Scipio at the Battle of Zama. He committed
suicide by drinking poision.
21
What policy did wealthy politicians use to win
the votes of the poor?
  • Bread and Circuses
  • This was a welfare and cheap entertainment
    policy.
  • It has been referred to as a Band-Aid solution.

22
Who were Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus?
19
Two brothers who worked to bring reforms to the
early Republic they were murdered in street
violence.
Tiberius
Gaius
23
Define triumvirate.
20
A political alliance of 3 people TRI3
Who made up the first triumvirate?
Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar
24
When did Julius Caesar die?
21
March 15, 44BC The Ides of March
How did he die?
  • He was stabbed 23 times by the senators who
    feared he was too ambitious (Brutus and Cassius)

25
What reforms did Caesar make?
22
  1. He gave citizenship to people living in Romes
    territories.
  2. He allowed new colonies to provide land for
    Romes homeless.
  3. He ordered landowners to hire more free workers.
  4. He adopted the Julian calendar.

26
What does e tu Brute mean?
23
And you, Brutus?
These were his last words spoken to his friend
Brutus when Julius Caesar was assassinated.
27
What happened at the Battle of Actium?
24
Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian
28
What title did Octavian take?
25
Augustus, which means the revered or majestic
one
29
Know the achievements of each Roman emperor
26
Augustus
  • First Roman Emperor
  • Said I found Rome a city of brick and left it a
    city of marble.

30
Know the achievements of each Roman emperor
26
Hadrian
Built famous wall in Britain this marked the
northern boundary of the Roman Empire
31
Know the achievements of each Roman emperor
26
Trajan
Empire reached its greatest size
32
Know the achievements of each Roman emperor
26
Nero
CRAZY!! fiddled while Rome burned Known for
the persecution of the early Christians
33
What was the Pax Romana?
29
Roman peace
How long did it last?
200 years from the reign of Augustus Caesar to
the reign of Marcus Aurelius
34
What was the role of Roman tax collectors?
30
These men were dishonest many paid for the right
to have these jobs. They taxed people heavily
because they kept some of the money.
35
Who was Cicero?
31
One of Romes greatest public speakers and
lawyer.
36
  • The End

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