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BUILDING COGNITIVE POWER H K BAHAAELDIN

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Title: BUILDING COGNITIVE POWER H K BAHAAELDIN


1
BUILDING COGNITIVE POWER H K BAHAAELDIN
2
CHALLENGES OF 21st CENTURY
  • Information
    revolution
  • ?????? ????????
  • Knowledge Intensive
    Production
  • ??????? ???? ???????
  • Tailored Economy of Velocity
    Creativity
  • ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????

  • Ideas,Programmes Software
    Replace Hardware ??????? ????????
    ????? ?? ??????? ??????
  • Cognitive Power is the Decisive
    Competitive edge
  • ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????

  • Cognitive Power Development is the Most Cost
    Effective investment of the
    21st Century
    ????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????
    ????? ?? ????? ??????
    ????????

3
RELATIVE ADDED VALUE OF PRODUCTS ??????
??????? ???????
  • SATELLITE ?????? ????? ??????
    20.000
  • JET FIGHTERS ?????? ??????
    2.500
  • SUPERCOMPUTERS ?????? ???????
    1.700
  • AERO ENGINES ?????? ????????
    900
  • VIDEO CAMERA ?????? ???? ??280
  • COLOR TELEVISION ????????? ??????
    16
  • LUXURY MOTORCAR ????? ??????
    10
  • Relative Added Value is proportional to the
    amount of knowledge (information) in the
    particular product. Therefore building Cognitive
    Power markedly increases productivity and hence
    GDP of any country
  • ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????
    ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????

4
Consequences of high added value production
  • What does the previous slide data signify?
  • 1- The relative added values of the knowledge
    intensive production are huge
  • 2- The change from the low relative added value
    production, to the high relative added value
    ,elevates the status of any country from being a
    consumer ,low GDP country, dependent on others,
    to an affluent , independent high GDP country
  • 3- This markedly shortens, the obligatory ,
    traditional route of 100 years of sustained
    economic growth plus strict birth control
    ,mandatory to achieve developed status , to a
    much shorter period
  • 4- This means , vast resources to fund education
    ,early childhood development, health
    ,infrastructure ,etc defense

5
WHAT ARE THE PREREQUISITES
  • Since knowledge intensive production depends on
    creation accumulation of knowledge ,then
    building cognitive power is mandatory
  • Knowledge intensive production, needs very highly
    educated personnel ,able to guarantee necessary
    RD ,creativity and highly skilled competent
    working force able to manipulate tackle
    sophisticated equipment ,supercompures,advanced
    mathematics languages and competent in critical
    thinking problem solving
  • This can only happen ,when there is systematic
    ,scientifically planned, comprehensive building
    of cognitive power, from very early childhood and
    even before

6
COGNITIVE POWER
  • It is a complex, dynamic, interactive
    multidisciplinary, teamwork faculty of many
    organs, primarily the brain heart, but possibly
    other organs, operating in harmony, capitalizing
    on all types of intelligence, investing windows
    of opportunity, harnessing memory, emotion,
    body, and soul ,responsible for management
    production of knowledge
  • It entails multiple afferent channels,modulation,c
    lassification,
  • processing, storage of information and retrieval
    of knowledge
  • Cognitive function depends on transfer
    management of information which occur via
    neurons ,across synapses with neurotransmitters

7
COGNITIVE POWER continued
  • Cognitive power depends on Developing, Boosting
    Preserving brainpower
  • Developing, Boosting Preserving heart power
    and optimum function
  • Developing and Preserving optimum physical
    fitness
  • Protecting the brain heart from infections
    ,environmental pollution ,malnutrition, toxins
    stress (which Destroys brain cells esp.
    hippocampus and heart cells)

8
EMBRYOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN BRAIN
Neural development is one of the earliest to
begin and the last to be completed generating the
most complex organ A thin layer of the developing
embryo (ectoderm) folds at the 3rd week of
intrauterine life to form the neural tube ?????
??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???
?????? ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????
????? ????? ?? ??????(????? 16) ?? ???? ??????
?????(?????21)
D16
D 21
Dr Mark Hil (2004))
9
EMBRYOLOGICAL SIMILARITY BETWEEN HEARTBRAIN
  • . Remarkably, The origins of the heart tube are
    clusters of angiogenic cells which are located in
    the cardiogenic plate. The cardiogenic plate,
    which is derived from splanchnoplueric mesoderm,
    is located cranial and lateral to the neural
    plate.
  • These angiogenic cell clusters coalesce to
    form right and left endocardial tubes. Each tube
    is continuous cranially with a dorsal aorta, its
    outflow tract, and caudally with a
    vitteloumbilical vein, its inflow tract.
  • The lateral and cranial folding of the embryo
    forces the tubes into the thoracic cavity. As a
    result, these tubes come to lie closer to each
    other and begin to fuse in a cranial to caudal
    direction.
  • At approximately day 21 they are completely
    fused, the same day the neural tube completely
    close

10
EXPEDITIOUS DEVELOPMENTAMPLIFICATION ?? ???????
?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????
250000 ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?????
?????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????
???? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? 100 ?????? ????
m.hill_at_unsw.edu.au
11
Mechanism of Synaptic action ???? ??? ?????? The
connection between neurons
  • ????? Arnold B. Scheibel, MD 1985 modified
  • Neurotransmitter
  • Vesicles
  • ??????? ????? ????????
  • ???????
  • Presynaptic terminal
  • ??????? ??? ????????
  • Neurotransmitter release
  • Postsynaptic
  • Element
  • ?????? ??? ????????
  • Synaptic cleft
  • ????? ????????
  • Neurotransmitter keys fit into receptor locks
  • ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????

12
NEUROTRANSMITTERS The connection
between neurons ????? ????????(??? ??????? ???
??????? ???????)
Society for Neuroscience, USA)
They are the chemical messengers that convey
impulses between neurons.
Involuntary (autonomic) nervous system
neurotransmitters ????????
NEW FUNCTIONS ????? ?????
neurotransmitter agents also regulate outgrowth,
plasticity, and survival of immature as well as
mature neurons ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???????
???????
Acetyl choline, NoradrenalineDopamine
Specific neurotransmitters?????
Serotonin (MOOD,SLEEPJUDGEMENT), glutamate
,GABA ,endorphins
More neurotransmitters are being found ?????
Anandamide (CANNABIS LIKE), nociceptin(NATURAL TRA
NQUILIZER) Anandamide (Frostburg State
University, Maryland, USA)
Bethesda, MD Society for Neuroscience, 1976.
13
At birth, the majority of neurons that the brain
will ever have, are present. yet, the brain
continues to grow in size for a few years after
birth. However throughout life neurons would be
produced from stem cells in 2 areas the
Olfactory bulb Hippocampus ??? ?????? ????
????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ? ??????
?????? Also heart cells are produced throughout
life from specific stem cells
?????
????? ????? Some neurons are specified for
certain function e.g. breathing, regulation of
heart beats and temperature and reflexes. The
rest of neurons are not designated for a
particular function ,they are programmed by
continuous stimulation exercise The total
length of wiring between neurons is estimated
at 62,000 miles (Coveney Highfield, 1995).  
14
BELLS CURVE ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????
??????? ????? ?????? RACIAL CLASS DISTRIBUTION
OF I.Q
RICHARD HERNSTEIN CHARLES MURRAY 1994
  • RACIST, MYOPIC PSEUDOSCIENCE
    WORK ?????
  • BAD SCIENCE LEADS TO BAD CONCLUSIONS
    ????? ??? ?????

  • FLAGRANT CULTURAL BIAS
    ?????? ????? ????? ????
  • SCIENCE DOES NOT NEGLECT NURTURE ENVIRONMENT
  • TOTALLY IGNORING THE ROLE OF EDUCATION ?????
    ??? ???? ??????? ???????
  • STATISTICAL ANALYSIS DELIBERATELY MANIPULATED
    ????? ???????????
  • OUTRAGEOUS DISCRIMINATION, ENDANGERING
    HUMAN CHILD RIGHTS
  • ????? ?????? ?????
  • INTELLIGENCE OR COGNITIVE POWER IS NOT A
    PREDESTINED FATE IT IS A RESOURCE TO BE INVESTED
    A POTENTIAL TO
  • BE DEVELOPED
  • ?????? ??? ????? ??????

15
THE TAKE OFF ????? ????????
  • Two vital pillars are responsible for the take
    off of the cognitive power in the 1st 6 golden
    years of life
  • Myelination which allows signals to travel much
    faster
  • Windows of opportunities
  • They are both intricately related synchronized
  • They are the infrastructure of learning
    cognition and many other neurological functions
  • They are potentials resources to be
    capitalized or to be drained
  • ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ??
    ???? ????? ??????? ??????
  • ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????
  • ????? ??? ???????
  • ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ???
    ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????
    ?????

16
Learning Windows (Windows of Opportunity)
During a child's development, there are a series
of critical periods, or "windows," in which a
child can best learn or refine a particular
ability, such as speech. After this time period
is over it becomes much more difficult, sometimes
impossible, for the child to learn the same
thing. Window for emotional intelligence from
6-18 months At the age of 5-7yr windows for
language nearly close or are slightly ajar i.e.
older children and adults exert greater effort to
learn a new language. Windows of fine motor
skills (e.g. PC music) ends at 10 years. Amy
Markezich, Stanford University 2002 ????? ???
????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????
????? ?????? ?? ????? ? ???? ???? ?? ??????????
??????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????
??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????????
??????? ????? ?????? ???????
????? ??
6-18 ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? 5-7 ?????
?????? ?????
?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????
?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????
???? ?? ?? 10 ?????
17
PROGRAMMING COGNITIVE POWER
????? ?????? ????????
  • There are two essential prerequisites for
    cognition thinking
  • Language essential for production communication
    of information
  • Memory essential for organization retrieval of
    information and is intimately related to Learning

THE ESSSENCE OF LEARNING IS THROUGH PATTERNING,
WHILE THE COGNITIVE SYSTEM IS SIMULTANEOUSLY
CONTINUOUSLY SEEKING FOR NOVEL EXPERIENCE
INFORMATION WHICH IS THE DRIVING POWER FUEL OF
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT ???? ??????? ????????
??????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????
??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????
??????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??
???? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??
??????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ??
?????? ??????? ???????????
18
MOLECULAR BASIS OF MEMORY continued ??????
??????? ???????
  • Harvard biologists have identified a protein,
    called Armitage, which regulates the formation of
    long-term memories..
  • ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????
    ???? ??????? ????? ?????
  • Disulfide formation from dithiolates
    (calcium dithiolate salt) occurs during
    excitation and can represent a short-term
    alteration in properties of vesicle-release sites
    and, thus, short-term memory., by a second
    mechanism, enlarges the presynaptic area covered
    by these sites. Such enlargement is a stable,
    permanent mode long-term memory..
  • ????? ????? ?????
  • ???? ???? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ?????????
    ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????
  • Dr Lu of NIH has shown that a neutrophin(
    called brain derived neurotrophic factor) BDNF
    ,plays a crucial role in in cellular model of
    short long term memory
  • ????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ????
    ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ??????
    ?????
  • Science 13 10 2004 Bai Lu Barbara
    Hempstead

19
COGNITIVE GROWTH ????? ???????
Cognitive Dissonance ??????? ??????? ???????
??????? ???? ???????? Experience Novel ???
??????? Disequilibrium Assimilation
Accomodation ???? ???????
?????Equilibrium Cognitive growth or
Development ????? ??????
20
MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION BUILDING
COGNITIVE POWER ????? ????????? ????? ???
???????
  • Teaching learning deal with managing
    information
  • ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????????
  • Successful management of information depends on
    developing cognitive power
  • ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???????
  • Cognitive power can should be boosted
    developed
  • ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????
  • Development of cognitive power depends on new
    complex information, the timing, the way they are
    presented acquired and the atmosphere in which
    learning occurs
  • ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????
    ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????
    ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????
  • New information stimulation boosts new neuron
    synapse formation esp. in the 1st 6 golden years
    of life, (i.e. soft ware develops hard ware),
    after that it boosts new synapse formation and
    guarantees the integrity of existing neurons
  • ????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?
    ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??
    ?????

21
?????? ? ????? HOLY QURAN ,HEART COGNITION
  • ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??
    ?????? ??? ??????? ????
  • ??????? And of them are those who listen to you,
    while We have veiled their hearts so that they do
    not understand, and plugged their ears to
    deafness (25) SURA ( THE CATTLE)
  • ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??
    ?????? ???
  • ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???
  • 179 ??????? And many of mankind and Djinn have We
    created for the Inferno, for they have hearts
    with which they cannot comprehend, and have eyes
    with which they cannot perceive, and have ears
    with which they cannot hear (179) SURA (THE
    BULWARK TOPS )
  • ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??
    ??????
  • ?????? 87
  • This is because they believed, then disbelieved,
    and so a seal was put to their hearts. Thus they
    do not understand (87) SURA ( REPENTANCE)
  •  
  •   ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???
    ?? ????? ?????? ???
  • ???? ???? 46 Have they not traversed the land
    with reasoning hearts and listening ears (46)
  •  SURA (THE PILGRIMAGE)
  • ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??
    ??? ??????? ?????? 234
  • And parturient mothers shall suckle their
    children for two complete years, for whoever
    desires to complete the
  •   fosterage SURA 234(THE CATTLE)
  • Translation of holy Quran by Prof. Mohamed
    Hamed MD

22
The heart communicates with the brain and body in
four ways
  • Neurological communication (nervous system)
  • Biophysical communication (pulse wave)
  • Biochemical communication (hormones)
  • Energetic communication (electromagnetic fields)
  • ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD OF HEART

23
NEUROTRANSMITTERS OF THE HEART
  • Dr. Armour and his students found that the
    heart contains a cell type known as "intrinsic
    cardiac adrenergic" (ICA) cells. These cells are
    classified as "adrenergic" because they
    synthesize and release catecholamines
    (norepinephrine and dopamine), neurotransmitters
    once thought to be produced only by neurons in
    the brain and
  • ganglia outside the heart
  • ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????
    ??????? ?????
  • Armour, J. A. and J. Ardell, Eds. (1994).
    Neurocardiology. New York, NY, Oxford University
    Press.

24
HORMONES OF THE HEARTCOGNITION
  • More recently still, it was discovered that
    the heart also secretes oxytocin, commonly
    referred to as the "love" or "bonding hormone."
    Beyond, its well-known functions in childbirth
    and lactation, recent evidence indicates that
    this hormone is also involved in cognition,
    tolerance, adaptation, complex sexual and
    maternal behaviours as well as in the learning of
    social cues and the establishment of enduring
    pair bonds concentrations of oxytocin in the
    heart are as high as those found in the brain
  • ? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ????????? ???????
    ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????
  • Armour, J. A. and J. Ardell, Eds. (1994).
    Neurocardiology. New York, NY, Oxford University
    Press.

25
The Heart as a Hormonal Gland
  • Another component of the heart-brain
    communication system was provided by researchers
    studying the hormonal system. The heart was
    reclassified as an endocrine or hormonal gland,
    when in 1983 a hormone produced and released by
    the heart called atrial natriuretic factor (ANF)
    was isolated. This hormone exerts its effects
    widely on the blood vessels themselves, on the
    kidneys and the adrenal glands and on a large
    number of regulatory regions in the brain.

Armour, J. A. (1991). Anatomy and function of the
intrathoracic neurons regulating the mammalian
heart. In I. H. Zucker and J. P. Gilmore, eds.
Reflex Control of the Circulation. Boca Raton,
FL, CRC Press. 1-37.
26
The Scientific Role of the Heart in Learning and
Performance Rollin McCraty, Ph.D.
  • It is now well-established that the heart is
    far more than a simple pump. It also functions as
    a hormonal gland, a sensory organ, and an
    information encoding and processing center, with
    an extensive intrinsic nervous system
    ,sufficiently sophisticated to qualify as a
    Heart Brain
  • ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????
  • Its neural circuitry effectively enables it to
    learn, remember, and make functional decisions,
    independent of the cranial brain With every beat,
    the heart transmits to the brain and throughout
    the body complex patterns of neurological,
    hormonal, pressure, an electromagnetic
    information, which form a major component of the
    physiological backdrop, that ultimately
    determines our emotional experience

HeartMath Research Center, Institute of
HeartMath, Publication No. 02-030, Boulder
Creek, CA, 2002
27
HEART COHERENCE
  • Intentionally altering one's emotional
    state, through heart focus, modifies afferent
    neurological input from the heart to the brain.
    The data suggest ,that as people experience
    sincere positive feeling states, in which the
    heart's rhythms become more coherent, the changed
    information flow from the heart to the brain ,may
    act to modify cortical function and influence
    performance. These findings may also help explain
    the significant shifts in perception, increased
    mental clarity and heightened intuitive awareness
    ,many individuals have reported ,when practicing
    the HeartMath techniques. Also they explain why
    in positive feeling states and subsequent heart
    coherence ,with empathy, motivation ,nurture,
    encouragement ,putting ones heart in learning,
    increase comprehension ,memorycreativity
  • McCraty R, Tomasino D, Atkinson M, Aasen P,
    Thurik SJ. Improving test-taking skills and
    academic performance in high school students
    using HeartMath learning enhancement tools.
    Boulder Creek, CA HeartMath Research enter,
    Institute of HeartMath, Publication No. 00-010,
    2000.

28
DETERRENTS OF COGNITIVE POWER ?????? ????
??? ???????
  • Environmental pollution chemical, smoking
    ,electromagnetic,noise,military child abuse
  • ?????? ?????? ???????, ???????? ???????????????
    ??????? ? ????? ?????? ?????

  • Maternal neglect ????? ????

  • Child abuse ????? ?????? ???????
  • Lack of novel stimulation
    early education
  • ??? ???????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ??????
  • Malnutrition
    ??? ????? ??
  • OBESITY

    ???????
  • Infectious disease
    ??????? ???????
  • Genetic
    ????? ??????

29
  • EFFECT OF CHILD ABUSE
  • ????? ?????? ?????
  • Physical , sexual, emotional, neglect or the
    recent
  • ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????
  • MILITARY
    NINETENDO COMPLEX
  • Violent, brutal military based games , toys
    electronic game
  • ????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????
    ??????
  • Military-Nintendo Complex Dubbed the by John
    Naisbitt in High Tech, High Touch (New York
    Broadway Books, 1999),
  • DELAYED BRAIN POWER DEVELOPMENT (MOTOR,EMOTIONAL
    COGNITIVE )
  • ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? (?????????? ?? ?????
  • ACQUIRED VOILENCE IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
  • ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????
  • ACQUIRED ATTENTION DEFICIT
  • ??? ???????? ???????
  • AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR
  • ?????? ????????
  • Columbine high school, Littleton 15 killed 1999
  • Erfurt, Germany 19 killed 2002

30
BOOSTING COGNITIVE POWER ????? ?????? ??? ???????
????????? ???????? INVESTING FOR THE FUTURE
  • BREAST FEEDING IMPORTANT FOR MYELINATION
  • ??????? ????????(???? ?????? ??????? ???????? )
  • MINERALS VITAMINS
    ??????? ????????????
  • ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS
    ??????? ???????? ????????
  • ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
    DHA,AA,PHOSPHOLIPIDS

    etc. IMORTANT FOR
    MYELINATION ??????? ??????? ????????

  • COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES???????? ???????
  • PHARMACEUTICALS
    ??? ????????
  • MUSIC PRENATAL OR POSTNATAL,IMPORTANT
    FOR MATH. SCIENCE
  • ???????? (???? ????? ???????? ???????) A
    significant correspondence between early music
    instruction and spatialtemporal reasoning
    abilities
  • Terry D. Bilhartz et al Sam Houston State
    University USA 2000

  • EXERCISE ??????? ???????
  • SLEEP seems to secure memories
    ,
  • termed procedural memories, which help people
    learn skills, sleep helps to consolidate short
    term memories in the hippocampus ,transferring
    them into permanent memories ,in the cerebral
    cortex
  • ?????
  • 2003 SOCIETY FOR NEUROSCIENCE
  • Scot Small Columbia University 2007

31
  • Boosting Brain power????????? ????? ??????? ?????
    ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????
  • And parturient mothers shall suckle their
    children for two complete years, for whoever
    desires to complete the fosterage SURA 233
    (THE CATTLE)
  • 1 BREAST FEEDING
    ??????? ????????

There is a dose Response relationship between
the duration of BF and IQ ???? ?????
??????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ??????
??????)) ERIK LYKKE MORTENSEN et al JAMA 2002
287
  • ENCOURAGING STIMULI TOUCH,SMELL,SINGING,TALKING,
    COOING ETC. STIMULATE GENES WHICH RELEASE
    POWERFUL GROWTH FACTORS AND SUPRESS GENES WHICH
  • ENCODE WITH SYNAPSE DESTROYING FACTORS
  • ???????? ???????(?????,??????????????????) ????
    ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???
    ??????? ???? ???? ???????)
  • BREAST MILK IS RICH IN DHA, ARACHIDONIC ACID
    PHOSHOLIPIDS WHICH ENHANCE MYELINATION
    AND TAURINE ESSENTIAL FOR BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
    DEVELOPS EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE WHILE ITS WINDOW
    IS STILL OPEN
  • ??? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????
    ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????
    ???? ??????)
  • (UNTIL 2 YEARS),
  • CONSOLIDATION OF SENSE OF SECURITY RELAY
    OF IMPULSES VERBAL, AUDITORY, VISIONAL
    EMOTIONAL TO HIGHER CENTERS
    ENHANCED CEREBRAL ORGANIZATION ?????????? ???
    ????? ??????
  • ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ? ???????
  • ????? ??? ????? ??? ???????
  • Increasing evidence is proving that
    physical attention close physical, bodily
    contact , embodied during breastfeeding and
    continued through childhood ,have a definite role
    on brain chemistry ,brain architecture possibly
    some mental functions
  • ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ????
    ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???????
    ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????

32
BOOSTING COGNITIVE POWER ????? ?????? ??? ???????
????????? ???????? continued
  • 2 Fe is very important for the increase of size
    of brain cells at early stage ,also essential
    for synthesis of dopamine serotonin, it is
    essential for proper retinal structure
  • ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????
    ????? ????????? ??????????
  • 3 Essential Fatty Acids polyunsaturated long
    chain Fatty AcidsDocosahexanoic acid DHA
    (MYELINATION) Arachidonic acid .
  • ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????
  • 4 Gingko biloba is thought to maintain mental
    clarity memory
  • ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????
  • 5 Lx6171, it is a small molecule (acting on a
    membrane protein exclusively expressed in CNS)
    which demonstrated in preclinical studies
    improvement in learning memory in mice
  • ???? 5 Lx6171 ? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????
    ? ???????

33
BOOSTING COGNITIVE POWER ????? ?????? ???
??????? ????????? ???????? continued
  • 6 Vit. C Powerful antioxidant, it plays a
    role in modulating physical stress emotional
    stress, assists in production of
    neurotransmitters ,in processing Glucose
  • the brain's primary fuelimportant in memory
  • ??????? ? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????
    ????????
  • 7 Complex Carbohydrates Source of glucose
    AVOID Simple sugar
  • ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ????
    ??? ?????
  • 8 Zinc Important for neuron links
  • ????? ??? ??????? ???????
  • 9 Choline It is converted to Acetylcholine
    related to memory cognitive function
  • ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????
  • 10 Vit. B12 essential for components of nerve
    cells
  • ??????? ?12 ??? ??????? ???????
  • 11 Amino acids Tyrosine(alertness),
  • Phenylalanine (memory) Methionine (motivation
    focus) used in treating depression
  • ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????
    ????????? ????????
  • 12 Folic acid affects brain function

??? ?????? ??????
34
Integrated Nutrition Prevention of
Atherosclerosis CHD
  • There is strong evidence that the foods
    consumed early in life have long-lastingand in
    some cases permanenteffects.
  • School performance, adult intelligence, bone
    strength, height, and risk of obesity are just a
    few of the things influenced by early childhood
    feeding
  • Breast Feeding
  • Limitation of Cholesterol below 300mg /D
  • Vit. E Carotenoids decrease risk of
    Atherosclerosis Heart diseases
  • Omega 3 long chain fatty acids (EPADHA) decrease
    risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Prevention of early malnutrition decreases risk
    of
  • Atherosclerosis CHD
  • Cu Deficiency has been hypothesized to increase
    risk of atherosclerosis

35
Integrated Nutrition Prevention of
Atherosclerosis CHD continued
  • Control of weight Prevention of Obesity
  • Low saturated fat diet ,introduced in infancy
    maintained for 1st decade of life ,is associated
    with enhanced endothelial function (partly
    explained by cholesterol reduction) reduces
    risk factors
  • Lycopene (a carotenoid) in the form Tomato juice
    inhibits an enzyme essential in cholesterol
    synthesis reduces the levels of LDL
    .Epidemiologic evidence shows inverse relation
    between tissueserum levels of Lycopene
    mortality from CHD Cerebrovascular disease

36
BOOSTING BRAIN POWER ????? ?????? ??? ??????
????????? ???????? continued
  • Dr Scot Small 2007 of Columbia university
    ,using MRI , proved that exercise boosts
    brainpower by building new brain cells in the
    dentate gyrus of the hippocampus both in mice
    later in humans, likewise exercise improves
    protects heart function
  • ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??????????
    ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??????
    ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????
  • There is accumulating evidence that physical
    exercise enables the brain to function optimally,
    by routing oxygen more efficiently to strengthen
    neural connections, prompts nerve cells to
    multiply protects cells from injury even
    diseased cells, seem to benefit , moreover Dr.
    John J. Ratey, Harvard University stated that
    physically active people reported an increase in
    academic abilities, memory retrieval and
    cognitive abilities."
  • ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ????
    ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????
    ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????
    ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????
  • Jan Born,a German 2007 scientist in Lubeck
    university proved by MRI, that scents like roses
    improved learning memory when smelled during the
    slow wave
  • sleep ,by activation of the hippocampus
  • ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????
    ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?????
    ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????
    ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????

37
TYPES OF INTELLIGENCE ????? ??????
Howard Gardner 1983 1- Factual
(encyclopedic) ???????? 2- Numeric
(mathematical) ??????? 3- Analytic (logic)
??????? 4-Linguistic ?????? 5- Spatial
(conceptual) ??????? 6- Athletic
??????? 7- Intuitive (transendelic) ???????
8- Emotional ??????? 9- Practical
?????? 10-
Interpersonal (social) ????????? 11- Musical
???????? 12- Bodily
(Kin-aesthetic) ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???
?????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? IT IS
NOW ESTABLISHED THAT INTELLIGENCE IS PRIMARILY
DECIDED BY NURTURE
NOT BY NATURE
?? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???
??????? ???????? ???? ??????? Thomas Edison in
1931 Genius is 99 perspiration 1
inspiration ?????? ????? 99 ????? ??? ?????
???? ??? ???????
38
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ?????? ??????? Dr.
Daniel Goleman BantamBooks 1995,
  • EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IS ESSENTIAL FOR
    EFFECTIVE LEARNING.
  • ?????? ??????? ???? ?????
    ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????
    ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????
  • EMOTINAL INTELLIGENCE IS A MASTER APTITUDE,
    A CAPACITY THAT PROFOUNDLY AFFECTS ALL OTHER
    ABILITIES INTELLIGENCES.
  • IT COMPRISES
  • SELF MOTIVATION, SELF CONFIDENCE, KNOWING
    ONE-SELF KNOWING AND FEELING OTHERS.
  • ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????
    ????????
  • SELF CONTROL PERSEVERENCE, ENDURANCE
    WILLPOWER
  • ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????????
  • ABILITY TO TURN NEGATIVE EMOTIONS TO
    POSITIVE ACTION
  • ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????
  • ABILITY TO INCORPORATE FEELING INTO
    ANALYSIS, REASONING AND PROBLEM SOLVING
    DECISION, MAKING
  • ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???
    ??????? ?????? ??????

39
  • The profound effect of breast feeding, the
    effect of music on I.Q ,the effect of smelling
    roses during sleep ,the positive effect of
    encouragement and motivation on cognitive
    levellearning capacity and on the contrary the
    negative effect of fear,frustration,insec
    urity stress (corporal punishment in schools)
    on comprehension, creativity decision making
    are illustrative of the synergistic cumulative
    effect of emotions,happiness , morale, sense of
    security,heart and brain on cognitive power
  • Terry D. Bilhartz et al Sam Houston State
    University USA 2000.
  • Jan Born, Lubeck,Germany 2007

40
GENIUS IS NOT A GIFT ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????
  • Every Newborn should be a genius in genesis.
    If it fails to do it, it is the responsibility of
    the society which wasted drained its most
    precious brain resources
  • ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??
    ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???
    ??????? ??? ???? ?????

41
COST BENEFIT OF ECD ?????? ?????????? ???????
DOLLAR RETURN OF VARIOUS INVESTMENTS ???? ??
?????
IRRIGATION PROJECT IN PHILIPPINES????? ?? ?? ??????? 1.48
LIVE STOCK PROJECT IN URUGUAY ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? 1.59
CEMENT FACTORY IN ESTONIA???? ????? ?? ??????? 2.27
ECD IN USA ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? AIID World Bank MOE Cairo May 2001 7.16
42
WHOSE RESPONSIBILITY ??????? ???
  • The discoveries of the brain decade have
    moved the main responsibility from the
    educational institution, predestined
    geneticracial makeup traditional medical and
    social care to other stakeholders
  • ?????????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????
    ????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????
    ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????
  • Parents responsible for preconceptual fetal
    early childhood
  • ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????
    ???????? ???????
  • The mother (helped by father) as first teacher
  • responsible not only for breastfeeding bonding
    but also for early childhood education
    stimulation lucky children who have kindergarten
    facilities have already lost 4 of the1st 6
    golden years of life .mothers have the right to
    receive proper training both in the post marital
    period long before in their basichigh education
  • ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????
    ??????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ?? ?????
    ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????
  • ?? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????
    ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? 4 ????? ?? ????
    ????? ???????

43
WHOSE RESPONSIBILITY ??????? ??? continued
  • Medical social care workers esp. pediatricians
    general practitioners, obstetricians, nurses
    social workers who look for children, beside
    their particular expertise ,do have a crucial
    educational training responsibility which
    should be reflected in the curriculum of their
    education training
  • ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??????
    ??????? ????????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????
    ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????
    ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????
    ??????? ??????
  • Educationalists
  • ???? ???????
  • The media
  • ???????
  • NGOs
  • ????????
  • ??? ????????
  • The government
  • which should put ECD as top priority goal in
    planning, investments, resources, legalization .
    medical care, environmental measures
    education
  • ???????
  • ????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???
    ????????? ???? ?? ??????????? ?? ???????
    ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????
    ???????? ?? ??????
  • ECD IS NOT A SERVICE IT IS AN INVESTMENT ,IT IS A
    NATIONAL SECURITY ISSUE
  • ???????
    ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???????
    ?????? ??? ????

44
  • THANK YOU
  • ???? ???
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