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28th Transportation Battalion Training Conference

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Title: 28th Transportation Battalion Training Conference Author: US Government Last modified by: hussungr Created Date: 12/3/1998 6:29:48 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 28th Transportation Battalion Training Conference


1
DRIVING
2
TASK Discuss winter driving, effects of
adverse weather on equipment,
maintenance, driving techniques,
and risk assessments
CONDITION Classroom environment
STANDARD IAW AR 600-55
3
37th TRANSCOM WINTER KICK BAG
The following are the minimum requirements
Arctic Sleeping Bag
Wet Weather Gear
Gortex/Field Jacket
Wool Blanket
Wet Weather Bag
Gloves with Inserts
Overshoes
4
COLD WEATHER CARE OF YOUR EQUIPMENT
Warm your engine, but dont
race it!
Clean the vehicle completely!
Lights, windows, and mirrors
Good all around visibility is the first step to
safe winter driving
Remove all snow and ice off the vehicle
5
MAINTENANCE CHECKS
LIGHTS
HEATERS DEFROSTERS
CHECK DAILY
FLUID LEVELS
CAN WEDGE REAR OF HOOD OPEN TO AID IN DEFROSTING
CHECK ANTIFREEZE AT REGULAR INTERVALS-AT LEAST
2x YEAR
WIPERS
TIRES
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID IS FULL
PERSONAL GEAR
COOLING SYSTEM
SERVICEABLE ON HAND
CORRECT MIX FOR TEMPERATURE
CHECK HOSES/FITTINGS
EXHAUST SYSTEM
CARBON MONOXIDE-CO
BATTERIES
6
CARBON MONOXIDE
FACT 1,500 people are killed yearly in the U.S.
by Carbon Monoxide and more than
10,000 are exposed to levels so
dangerous, medical attention is required
What effects does CO have on a person?
Nausea
Dizziness
Makes you sleepy
Too much could be fatal
In order to prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning,
ensure
Never run engine with windows up, leave one
cracked while driving
Check exhaust daily for leaks
7
MAINTENANCE TIPS
Proper maintenance habits are even more critical
in cold weather!!
When performing PMCS, DO NOT touch metal with
your bare
When climbing on vehicles, use extreme caution
use 3 points of contact
Why should you keep the fuel tanks as full as
possible?
To keep moisture from condensing inside the fuel
lines
Filter the fuel through a Chamois to remove water
8
BLACK ICE!!!!
Be careful because you cant see it.
Where might you find it?
Bridges and overpasses
Shaded areas
Once it finds you, what should you do or not do?
DO
DO NOT
Ease off the accelerator
PANIC!
Make any sudden changes in speed or direction
Steer in the same direction as the back end is
skidding
9
RULES OF THUMB
4 SECONDS
6 SECONDS
PROPER DISTANCE IS A MUST!
10
Use low beam headlights
If the fog is too dense, stop and wait
11
FRONT END SKID
Release the brake let the front wheels roll
freely to regain traction and steering control
REAR END SKID
- Take your foot off the accelerator
- Turn wheels in the direction the rear end is
skidding
- Pump brakes slightly
What may result from a skid is a ACCIDENT
12
DEFENSIVE DRIVING TECHNIQUES
Drive at reduced speeds so you can stop quicker
Safety
Use your turn signals sooner to give
other drivers more time to react
Brake sooner to warn of your intention to stop
Maintain at least 3x the normal following distance
13
RISK ASSESSMENT
Factors to consider
Amount of experience
Well rested
Self Discipline
Dual Driver
Mission priority
Road Conditions
Road type (Autobahn vs. Secondary)
Road Conditions
14
RISK ASSESSMENT
Unrestricted vehicle dispatches. Ideal road,
visibility, and temperature conditions exist.
Drivers will observe normal precautions and speed
limits.
GREEN
Ideal road, visibility and temperature do not
exist. Increased driving times, hazardous road
conditions and driver experience will be
considered. Company Commanders will authorize
dispatches for their vehicles.
AMBER
Only mission essential vehicle dispatches are
authorized. Dispatch will be marked mission and
emergency essential. Battalion Commanders may
authorize dispatch of vehicles. Risk
assessment will be conducted for each mission.
RED
Only emergency essential vehicles are authorized.
Dispatch will be marked emergency essential.
Brigade Commanders may authorize dispatch of
their vehicles. Risk assessment will be
completed before dispatch.
BLACK
15
RISK ASSESSMENT
Road Condition
Road Surface
Snow Depth
Snow
Ice
Visibility
Temperature
None or blowing powder
Above 35F (2C)
More than 50 m
Dry
None
None
Between 30F (-1C) - 35F (2C)
Patches Black Ice Slush
Between 20 - 50 m
Less than 4 inches
Packed Slush
Wet
Between 4 - 8 inches
Between 15 - 20 m
Between 10F (-12C) - 30F (-1C)
Flooded
Drifting
Sheet Ice
Less than 10F (-12C)
More than 8 inches
Less than 15 m
Heavily Flooded
Heavy Drifting
Extreme Sheet Ice
When one or more of the road conditions marked
with an asterisk are present, the corresponding
road condition status most be declared.
16
COLD HARD FACTS OF WINTER DRIVING
Cold weather greatly affects the operating
performance of your equipment
Winter weather presents unique hazards
Black Ice
Snow Slush
Fog
Hills Grades
We can prevent accidents with constant training
and safety awareness
Remember
Slow down
Adjust to conditions
Following distances
Intervals
SAFETY!!!
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