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The War At Home

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The War At Home BCATP Bomber Command Role of Women Arsenal of Democracy Total War Conscription-NRMA Japanese Internment – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 14 August 2019
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Tags: canada | home | war | wwii

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Title: The War At Home


1
The War At Home
  • BCATP
  • Bomber Command
  • Role of Women
  • Arsenal of Democracy
  • Total War
  • Conscription-NRMA
  • Japanese Internment

2
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
  • British Instructors would train pilots and other
    flight personnel from all over the Commonwealth
    in Canada

3
BCATPBetween 1940 and 1945, Canada would train
137,000 aircrew, more than England and all the
rest of the Commonwealth combined.
4
Bomber Command
  • Lancaster Bomber main 4 engine bomber during the
    war
  • Armament
  • 8 x 0.303 inch machine guns in nose, dorsal and
    tail turrets plus one 22,000 pound bomb or up to
    18,000 pounds of smaller bombs

5
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6
NOSE ART
  • Clip from Fog of War

7
Role of Women
  • The Proudest Girl in the World
  • Like WWI, Women played a huge role in the war
    effort during WWII
  • Because of the policy of Total War, a labour
    shortage emerged in the early stages of the war
  • In response, many single women, and women whos
    husbands had left to fight in Europe mobilized
    and took mens places in factories
  • They worked as welders, drillers, and machine
    operators
  • Many factory workers gained the nickname Rosie
    the Riveter

8
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9
Arsenal of Democracy
Beds at a factory so workers could world longer
hours making stuff for the war effort.
10
Wartime Economy
  • Increased production meant increased employment
    meant increased income which meant increased
    spending
  • However, because many goods were being sent to
    Britain there was a risk of inflation (too many
    dollars and too few goods)
  • King wanted to avoid inflation and debt that
    crippled Canada after WWI
  • James Ilsley became the minister of finance and
    promoted Victory Bonds as a way for Canadians to
    invest and save money, while financing the war
    effort

11
Wartime Economy
  • Ilsley also increased income taxes (just like WWI
    created income tax) to increase government
    revenue
  • Prices rose despite Ilsleys efforts and
    inflation occurred
  • The Wartime Prices and Trade Board (created to
    fight inflation and social unrest) froze wages
    and prices to combat inflation
  • King also imposed food rationing (Canadians were
    only allowed a certain number of goods per week)
  • USA and Britain had rationing too but Canadas
    rations were much more generous

12
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13
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14
Not Another Bloody Saturday-Avoiding Social Unrest
  • Wage freezes made striking difficult for unions
  • The labour (worker) shortage was a benefit
  • Howe was strongly opposed to labour unions but
    steel workers in BC and Nova Scotia went on
    strike in 1943 anyways
  • This forced the government to ensure that
    employers recognized unions chosen by employees
  • In response to the growth of the CCF, King
    created the Family Allowance program ( paid to
    families with children)
  • This started Canadas cradle to grave social
    security policy

15
Another Total War
  • After declaring war, the Canadian Government
    became much more involved in planning and
    controlling the economy
  • April 1940, the government establishes the
    Department of Munitions and Supplies with C.D.
    Howe as Minister
  • Howe has a lot of authority, and shows it by
    telling industries to produce goods they had
    never made before.
  • Vancouver built ships, and Montreal built planes
    and bombers (Lancaster)

16
Total War cont
  • Car industries in Ontario (places like Windsor)
    built military vehicles and tanks
  • At times, the private sector could not produce
    the necessary goods
  • In response, Howe created Crown Corporations
    which were businesses and corporations owned by
    the government.
  • The government controlled and ran many areas of
    Canadian society such as running telephone
    companies, refining fuel, mining uranium, and
    controlling food production
  • Farmers were encouraged to produce more wheat,
    beef, and dairy products.

17
Another Conscription Crisis
  • STEP 1 - National Resources Mobilization Act
    (NRMA)
  • Gave the government special emergency powers to
    mobilize all the resources in the nation to
    defeat the enemy. Including domestic
    conscription!!
  • King, Conscription if necessary but not
    necessarily conscription
  • What did he mean?
  • CBC Radio Clip

18
Conscription cont
  • A plebiscite (referendum) was held on April 27,
    1942 to ask for permission to institute overseas
    conscription.
  • All provinces except Quebec vote yes
  • No conscripts are sent overseas until the closing
    months of the warthey were all picked from the
    NRMA conscript list of domestic conscripts.
  • 12,000 NRMA conscripts are sent to Europe

19
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20
Japanese Internment
  • There were ten internment Camps in total they
    consisted of three road camps, two prisoner of
    war camps (POW), and five self supporting camps
    scattered throughout Canada during the second
    World War. Prior to World War II, 22,096 Japanese
    Canadians lived in British Colombia three
    quarters of them were naturalized or native born
    Canadians.

21
Japanese Internment
  • Gallery Walk
  • 8 stations
  • One partner goes to 1-4, the other goes to the
    5-8.
  • Once finished, come together and share what you
    have learned.
  • 5 minute power write.
  • Counterpoints pg 126-127

22
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23
Greenwood, BC
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