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Willoughby-Eastlake City Schools Middle School Bullying Prevention Program

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Willoughby-Eastlake City Schools Middle School Bullying Prevention Program – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Willoughby-Eastlake City Schools Middle School Bullying Prevention Program


1
Willoughby-Eastlake City SchoolsMiddle School
Bullying Prevention Program
2
Bullying . . .
  • A student is being bullied when he or she is
    exposed,repeatedly and over time, to negative
    actions on the part of one or more students.

3
Bullying involves an imbalance in power or
strength.
The student who is bullied has difficulty
defending himself/herself.
4
Bullying Behavior
  • Often part of a conduct-disordered behavior
    pattern
  • This pattern may continue into young adulthood
  • Olweus study Bullies were 4 times as likely to
    have 3 or more criminal convictions by age 24

5
Why Focus on Bully/Victim Problems
  • Because of
  • Short and long-term effects on victims
  • Concern about students who bully
  • Impact on bystanders
  • School social climate
  • Legal concerns

6
Concerns About Children Who Bully
  • Children who bully are more likely to
  • Get into frequent fights
  • Be injured in a fight
  • Steal, vandalize property
  • Drink alcohol, smoke
  • Be truant, drop out of school
  • Report poorer academic achievement
  • Perceive a negative climate at school
  • Carry a weapon

7
Short-term Effects of Being Bullied
  • Lower self-esteem
  • Depression anxiety
  • Illness
  • Absenteeism
  • Thoughts of suicide

8
Lasting Effects of Being Bullied
  • Lower self-esteem
  • Higher rates of depression
  • Higher rates of Post Traumatic Stress

9
Effects of Bullying on Bystanders
  • Bystanders may feel
  • Afraid
  • Powerless to change the situation
  • Guilty for not acting
  • Diminished empathy for victims over time

10
Effects of Bullying on School Climate
  • Interferes with student learning
  • Creates a climate of fear and disrespect
  • Students may perceive lack of control/caring

11
Types of BullyingDirect Bullying
  • Hitting, kicking, shoving, spitting
  • Taunting, hurtful teasing, degrading racial or
    sexual comments
  • Threatening, obscene gestures

12
Indirect Bullying
  • Getting another person to assault someone
  • Spreading rumors
  • Deliberate exclusion from a group or activity
  • Cyber-bullying

13
Relational Bullying
  • Combines direct indirect bullying strategies.
  • Targets relationships and social status to cause
    harm to peers.

BULLYING
14
Health Consequences of BullyingFekkes et
al.(2003) Pediatrics, 144, 17-22
  • Bullied Not bullied
  • Headache 16 6
  • Sleep problems 42 23
  • Abdominal pain 17 9
  • Feeling tense 20 9
  • Anxiety 28 10
  • Feeling unhappy 23 5
  • Depression scale
  • moderate indication 49 16
  • strong indication 16 2

15
What Motivates Children Who Bully?
  • Like to dominate others in a negative way
  • Gain satisfaction from inflicting injury and
    suffering
  • Receive rewards by bullying others
    (prestige,possessions)

16
Gender plays a role
  • Similarities
  • Both boys and girls engage in frequent verbal
    bullying.
  • Girls and boys are equally likely to engage in
    relational bullying.
  • Differences
  • Boys are bullied primarily by boys girls are
    bullied by boys and girls.
  • Boys are more likely to be physically bullied.
  • Girls are more likely to be bullied through
    social exclusion, rumor-spreading, cyber
    bullying, and sexual comments.

17
Reporting of Victimization
  • Many children do not report bullying to school
    staff.
  • Older students and boys are less likely than
    younger students and girls to report their
    victimization.

18
Children Who Bully Can Change
  • Bullying behaviors and victimization experiences
    are relatively stable over time if there is no
    intervention.
  • BUT, appropriate intervention can change
    behaviors.

19
Olweus Bullying Program is
  • Universal (a school-wide effort)
  • Systems-oriented AND individual-oriented
  • Preventive AND problem-solving
  • Focused on changing norms and behavior
  • Research-based
  • NOT time-limited Requires systematic efforts
    over time

20
Goals of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
  • Reduce existing bully/victim problems among
    school children
  • Prevent the development of new bully/victim
    problems
  • Improve peer relations
  • Improve school climate

21
Program Principles-
It is critical to develop a school environment
characterized by
  • Warmth Positive Interest
  • Involvement from adults
  • Adults acting as authorities and positive role
    models
  • Firm limits

22
Overview of School-Wide Elements
  • 1. Form Bullying Prevention Coordinating
    Committee
  • 2. Train committee and all school personnel
  • 3. Develop school rules against bullying
  • 5. Increase supervision
  • 6. Use consistent positive and negative
  • consequences
  • 7. Teach monthly lessons on bullying
  • 8. Involve parents

23
3 Levels of Bullying
  • Level 1
  • Lowest level of bullying that includes
  • Blaming, threatening gestures, insults, teasing,
    gossip, spreading rumors, excluding, minor
    pushing/shoving/tripping, taking items, booking,
    throwing items

24
3 Levels of Bullying
  • Level 2
  • Middle level of bullying that includes
  • Threatening physical harm, stealing personal
    property, biting/scratching, verbal threats,
    insulting ones ethnicity/ race/ gender/ family,
    embarrassing others, destruction of property,
    cyber bullying, invading ones privacy, extortion,
    repeating level 1

25
3 Levels of Bullying
  • Level 3
  • Highest level of bullying that includes
  • Repeated threats, repeated harassment, repeating
    level 2

26
Consequences can include
  • Verbal warning
  • Written reflection form
  • Phone call to parent
  • Referral to guidance
  • Detention
  • Saturday School
  • In-school suspension
  • Out-of-school suspension
  • Group counseling referral
  • Juvenile court referral

27
Why Adults Dont Always Intervene
  • Have difficulty recognizing bullying
  • Fail to recognize the importance of intervening
  • Uncertain how best to intervene

28
What the school will do
  • 1. On-the-spot interventions
  • 2. Follow-up discussions with children who are
    bullied
  • 3. Follow-up discussions with children who bully
  • 4. Parental involvement
  • 4. Consequences

29
What Can Parents Do If Their Child Is
Bullied?
  • Help the child develop talents and positive
    attributes
  • Encourage the child to make contact with friendly
    student(s) in their classes
  • Encourage the child to get to know peers in new
    situations

30
What Doesnt Work?
  • Ignoring the problem
  • Blaming your child for
    provoking bullying
  • Telling the child to
    hit back
  • Calling the parents of the bully unless there
    is a friendly relationship between parents

31
What Can Parents Do If Their Child Bullies Others?
  • Communicate directly to the child
  • We know you have been involved in bullying
  • Bullying is a serious behavior
  • We will not tolerate any future
    bullying behavior

32
What Can Parents Do If Their Child Bullies Others?
  • Enforce family rules
  • Reinforce positive and kind behavior
  • Spend more time with your child
  • Monitor the childs activities
  • Build upon the childs talents
  • Help child find more appropriate behavior
    patterns
  • Seek professional assistance, if necessary

33
What Doesnt Work?
  • Ignoring the problem
  • Denying that their child could do such
    a thing as bullying
  • Protecting the child from consequences
  • Blaming the victim for your childs problems

34
Take-Home Message
  • Stopping bullying takes a team effort.
  • Approach the process in steps.
  • Change happens in small increments.
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