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Regents Review - Ancient Greece

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... throne of King Minos Myth of Theseus & the Minotaur Pottery painting of Theseus slaying the minotaur The palace at Knossos ... Fresco of Bull Leaping ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regents Review - Ancient Greece


1
Early Greek Civilizations
Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dorians
2
Todays Goal Explain the contributions the
Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dorians made to Greek and
later Western culture.
3
Minoans (2000-1200 BC) Earliest Greeks
  • Powerful seafaring traders
  • Lived on island of Crete
  • Traded pottery figurines
  • Capital Knossos

4
Great Palace at Knossos
5
Sir Arthur Evans archaeologists who uncovered the
Minoan palace at Knossos
Detail of the Great Palace at Knossos
(restored) No walls built around citywhy?
6
  • Civilization named after legendary King Minos

The throne of King Minos
7
Myth of Theseus the Minotaur
Pottery painting of Theseus slaying the minotaur
The palace at Knossos is the maze
8
Minoans Known for Frescoes paintings on wet
plaster walls
9
Minoan Culture
  • Writing Linear A NOT deciphered
  • Social classes nobles, citizens, slaves
  • Extensive trade

10
  • Minoan women enjoyed higher status
  • - Depicted in artwork as working alongside men
  • - Roles in religious ceremonies (priestesses)

11
Fresco of Bull Leaping red colored male
leaping over the bull
12
Minoan Religion
  • Polytheistic religion
  • Worshipped female goddesses, priestesses
  • Minoans sacrificed animals and even humans to
    their gods

13
End of Minoan Civilization
  • Earthquakes, volcanic eruption at Thera,
    invasions
  • http//www.history.com/media.do?searchTermgreece
    actionsearch

14
Contributions of Minoans to Greek Civilization
  • Mythology
  • Theseus - hero
  • Shipbuilding
  • Techniques
  • Art architecture
  • Frescoes
  • Pottery
  • Columns
  • Influenced later Greek religion, politics

15
Mycenaeans
  • Located on Peloponnesus (mainland peninsula)
  • Leading city Mycenae
  • Protective wall surrounding city

16
Lions Gate
17
Lions Gate detail
18
Mycenaean Government
  • Monarchy rule by one person (king)
  • Agamemnon one of most famous Mycenaean kings

Death Mask of Agamemnon - Misnamed because it is
actually of an unknown king who lived some 300
years earlier
19
Mycenaean Culture
  • Contact with Minoans
  • Adapted Minoan writing system to Greek language
  • Columns, frescoes, ships

20
Trojan War
21
  • Mycenae fought 10-year war with Troy in Anatolia
  • Legend says Greek army destroyed Troy because
    Trojan prince had kidnapped Helen, the wife of a
    Greek king

Troy
22
Story told in Homers Iliad
Paris brother Hector was great warrior, kills
Helens husband Menelaus
Paris kidnapped Helen brought to Troy
23
Greeks build Trojan horse as gift filled
w/soldiers
Greek hero Achilles kills Hector in revenge
24
After collapse of Mycenaeans, the Dorians migrate
into Greece
  • 1100-750 BC
  • Decline of Greek culture
  • Far less advanced, no written records
  • Plunged Greece into Dark Ages

25
Epics of Homer
  • Blind bard (poet) Homer
  • Composed epics (Iliad, Odyssey) during Dark Ages
  • Spoken stories told through generations, later
    written down

26
Greek Geography Shaped Civilization
  • Peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea (known as the
    Peloponnesus)
  • Seas ? transportation, trade
  • Land ? mountainous, rugged
  • Prevented unification
  • Not much farmland
  • Lacked natural resources
  • No major rivers for irrigation
  • Need for colonization

According to Plato, Greeks lived around the sea
like frogs around a pond
27
Greek Geography Shaped Civilization
  • Climate ? Moderate, supported outdoor lifestyle

28
Goal Revisited
  • What contributions did the Minoans, Mycenaeans,
    and Dorians make towards Greek culture?
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