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North Carolina: Asleep and Awake

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Antebellum North Carolina: Asleep and Awake 1820-1850 War With Mexico 1846-1848 Local History Notes (1820-1850) Dr. Elisha Mitchell, UNC professor, begins to explore ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 9 August 2019
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Title: North Carolina: Asleep and Awake


1
North Carolina Asleep and Awake
Antebellum
  • 1820-1850

2
North Carolina The Rip Van Winkle State
  • North Carolina Fell Behind the Rest of the Nation
    in
  • Agriculture
  • Transportation
  • Manufacturing
  • Education

Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving
3
Why depart from the good old ways which has kept
us in quiet peace and harmony? Why leave the road
of experience, which has satisfied all, and made
all happy. NC Senator 1820 Nathaniel Macon Do
you agree or disagree with a statement like this?
4
What Caused North Carolina to be Lagging Behind
in the Early 1800s?
  • Rivers in most of the state were not suitable for
    navigation.
  • More than 1/3 of the state could not read.
  • UNC was graduating less than 100 per year
  • Coastal geography was not suitable for
    navigation.
  • There was one cotton mill in the state.
  • Mountain region was almost completely isolated.
  • New Bern was the largest city with only 3500
    citizens, including slaves.
  • Eastern county slave owners controlled the
    General Assembly.

5
A Program for Reform!
  • Archibald Murphey
  • , state senator from Orange County, believed that
    state government should take an active role to
    solve societys problems and safeguard its
    citizens.

6
Murpheys Plan for Change
  • Rewrite the 1776 NC Constitution that gave each
    county the same number of senators and
    representatives. Base Representation on
    population
  • Make coastal inlets deeper
  • Connect western rivers with canals to the Cape
    Fear River
  • New roads created in the Mountains and Piedmont
  • Free Public Schools
  • Which of the above do you think is the most
    important?

7
David Swain Is Elected As Governor to Bring
Reform!
  • Born in Beaverdam Valley north of Asheville
  • Pushed many of Murpheys ideas
  • Believed taxes should be higher to make
    improvements
  • Elected from Whig Party that had been formed to
    oppose Andrew Jackson and the Democrats who were
    against additional taxes of any kind.
  • Are tax increases always a bad thing?

Governor David L. Swain 1832-1835 Buncombe County
8
Changes in NC Religion The Great Revival
  • Baptists and Methodists begin to have outdoor
    evangelistic meetings called Camp Meetings. Based
    on the depiction below, what were these religious
    meetings like?

9
How Would the Great Revival Help Bring Change and
Reform to NC?
  • The Baptists and Methodists taught democratic
    ideas and the value of self-concept.
  • Methodism urged members to be anti-slavery.
  • Presbyterians, though not as supportive of the
    Great Revival, competed with the Methodists and
    Baptists. The Presbyterians emphasized education
    to improve the lives of North Carolinians.
  • Three Colleges Founded
  • Wake Forest-1834, Baptist (Wake County near
    Raleigh, moved to Winston-Salem in 1950s)
  • Davidson-1836, Presbyterian (Mecklenburg County
  • Trinity-1837, Methodist (Randolph County, later
    moved to Durham and renamed Duke family,tobacco
    industrialist)

10
Wake Forest University
Winston- Salem, North Carolina
11
DAVIDSON COLLEGE Davidson, North Carolina
Early Photograph at Davidson College in
Mecklenburg County
12
Duke University Durham, North Carolina
Trinity College Randolph County Before the Duke
Gift to the College and Its Move to Durham 1891
13
A New Road for the Mountains The Buncombe
Turnpike
  • The Road followed the French Broad River.
  • Livestock was driven along the road eventually
    reaching Charleston, SC.
  • The road passed through present downtown
    Asheville.

14
French Broad River that the Buncombe Turnpike
Followed Through WNC
15
Gold Brings Change to North Carolina
Little Meadow Creek Where Reed Found Gold
  • 1799- Teenager Conrad Reed finds a 17 pound gold
    nugget in Cabarrus County near Charlotte.
  • North Carolina will lead the nation in gold
    production until the California Gold Rush in
    1849.
  • The Betchtler Mint in Rutherfordton produced gold
    jewelry and coins worth 3.6 million between
    1831-1857.

16
More Reform for North Carolina
  • Free Public Schools are Opened in 1839.
  • The Dorthea Dix Hospital for the mentally ill is
    opened in Raleigh.
  • Another state hospital for the mentally ill is
    opened at Morganton ( Now Broughton Hospital).
  • North Carolina School for the Blind is opened in
    Raleigh.
  • North Carolina School for the Deaf is opened at
    Morganton in Burke County.

Typical Early School Building
Dorthea Dix
17
James Monroe (1817-1825, Democratic-Republican) Th
e Era of Good Feelings
  • Born 1758, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • Wounded at the Battle of Trenton,1776
  • Proclaimed Monroe Doctrine-Foreign nations
    should stay out of the Western Hemisphere.
  • Missouri Compromise Missouri Slave/Maine/Free
  • States Admitted Mississippi 1817, Illinois
    1818,Alabama 1819, Maine 1820, Missouri 1821

18
President James Monroe
19
Monroe Doctrine Stay Out of Our Neighborhood
20
Missouri Compromise of 1820
21
John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)Democrat-Republican
  • Born at Braintree, Mass. July 11, 1767
  • Ancestry English
  • Married Louisa Johnson
  • Children2 sons, 1 daughter
  • Religion Unitarian
  • No States Admitted

John Quincy Adams Photograph Taken After
Presidency-1st Photo of Any President
22
John Quincy Adams Massachusetts
23
Andrew Jackson-Democrat (1829-1837) Old Hickory
  • Born in Waxhaws, SC? NC?
  • Married Rachel Donelson Robards
  • Ancestry Scots Irish
  • Children 1 adopted son
  • Religion Presbyterian
  • Home Hermitage Plantation, Nashville, Tenn.
  • Indian Removal Act Trail of Tears
  • Texas declares Independence from Mexico
  • Siege of the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas
  • Whig Party formed to oppose Jackson
  • Samuel Morse invented the telegraph
  • States Admitted Arkansas 1836, Michigan 1837

24
Andrew Jackson Old Hickory
25
1830 Indian Removal Act
26
Andrew Jackson Images
27
South Carolina Threatens to Leave the Union
28
Texans Fight for Independence at the Alamo
29
Martin Van Buren 1837-1841
  • Born in Kinderhook, New York
  • Weak President

30
William Henry Harrison-Whig (1841-1841)
  • Born Charles County, Va. Feb. 9, 1773
  • Ancestry English
  • WifeAnna Suymmes
  • Religion Episcopalian
  • Harrison dies after serving one month.

31
John Tyler-Whig (1841-1845)
  • Born in Charles County, Va. 3/29 1790
  • Wives 1st-Letitia Christian, 2nd-Julia Gardiner
  • Children1st wife-3 sons, 4 daughters,2nd-wife-5
    sons, 2 daughters14 children
  • Religion Episcopalian
  • States Admitted Florida

32
James Knox Polk- Democrat (1845-1849)
  • Born Mecklenburg County, NC 11/2 1795
  • Ancestry Scots Irish
  • Wife Sarah Childress
  • Graduate UNC-Chapel Hill
  • Children None
  • Religion Presbyterian
  • Home Nashville, Tennessee
  • Gold discovered in California
  • Mexican War ( Gain California and Southwest)
  • Gain Oregon Country from British
  • Brigham Young Moves Mormons to Utah
  • States Admitted Texas, Iowa, Wisconsin

Polk Birthplace 1 mile from Carowinds
33
James Knox Polk Democrat-Tennessee
34
War With Mexico 1846-1848
35
Local History Notes (1820-1850)
  • Dr. Elisha Mitchell, UNC professor, begins to
    explore the Black Mountains in Yancey County. By
    1857, he determines that the Black Dome( now
    Mount Mitchell) is the highest peak east of the
    Mississippi River.

36
Early Picture of Eagle Hotel Biltmore Avenue,
Asheville
Located Across from Present Double-Decker Bus
Coffee Shop
37
Stagecoach In Front of Eagle Hotel Asheville,1850
38
Mountain Slavery 1850s
39
Special Local History Note from Early
1800s Davey Crockett
  • Born near Jonesboro, Tennessee
  • (still a part of NC then in 1786)
  • Married Elizabeth Patton, a native of Buncombe
    County (Swannanoa Valley) in 1815
  • Lived near the present site of Buncombe Community
    School in Swannanoa
  • Celebrated Indian Fighter, guide, trailblazer,
    and US Congressman
  • Killed defending the Alamo Mission in San
    Antonio, Texas against Mexican troops in 1836
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