Introduction to the discipline . Psychological aspects of aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. Plastic operations on a head, face and neck. Aesthetic operations on chest, abdomen, extremities. Liposuction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Introduction to the discipline . Psychological aspects of aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. Plastic operations on a head, face and neck. Aesthetic operations on chest, abdomen, extremities. Liposuction

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Title: Introduction to the discipline . Psychological aspects of aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. Plastic operations on a head, face and neck. Aesthetic operations on chest, abdomen, extremities. Liposuction


1
Introduction to the discipline .
Psychological aspects of aesthetic and
reconstructive surgery. Plastic operations on a
head, face and neck. Aesthetic operations on
chest, abdomen, extremities. Liposuction
  • Doc. Guda N.V.

2
Moments of cosmetic surgery
3
  • Plastic surgery
  • Esthetic Reconstructive
  • (cosmetic) 2\3
  • 1\3
  • Such dividing of plastic surgery appeared at the
    beginning of our century

4
The same or very similar methods and techniques
are used in reconstructive and cosmetic surgery
  • Planning of cosmetic abdominal plastic
  • Breast restoring after oncology operation by fat
    tissue of abdomen

?
5
Ideals of beauty
Venera from Villendorf, 20 000 years
before Crist is the most ancient womens
sculpture. It was found in Austria.
6
Ideals of beauty
  • In Classic Greece (V-IV s. before Crist) ideals
    of beauty were more clear, beauty was a cult.
  • Platon Men should have 3 wishes to be
    healthy, to become rich by true way, to be
    beautiful.
  • Apollon ( God of love and beauty) statues were
    in each house
  • Xenofon I swear that I wouldnt prefer strong
    of king of Persia to beauty.
  • Venera Meloskaya , Luvr, Paris

7
Ideals of beauty
  • In Middle Ages ideals of beauty were changed to
    slender waist women with silk close, gold, stones.
  • In the century of Renaissance (IV-VI s.) artists
    and scientists were trying to describe beauty by
    scientific terms. Durer mass principles of
    beauty, 4 books on proportions of mens body.
    Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael, Tician, Botichelli
    showed great interest in womens beauty and
    preferred rounded form women.

8
Ideals of beauty
  • In the period of Mannerism (1520-1600) ideals of
    beauty changed. Mikelangelo, El Greco drew
    graceful, thin women with long necks.
  • In years of Barocco ideal woman was healthy, with
    round forms, energy like in Rubence pictures

9
Ideals of beauty
  • In Elizabeth's era XVI s. she chose ideals of
    beauty by herself. Tall women in corsets were the
    ideal.
  • Neoclassic period in the middle of XVIII s. was
    characterized by repeating of Greece ideals.
  • In XIX s. pretty women were with thin waist,
    wide thighs, big breasts.

10
  • Nowadays

11
Mens beauty
  • In ancient Egypt men paid great attention to
    their close, they liked to put on jewelry, draw
    their eyes with char coal
  • In ancient Greece interest to mens beauty was
    bigger then womens one. They had the cult of
    human body, they went for sports to make their
    body ideal.
  • In Renesanse period a great interest was
    performed to measurement of body proportions.
    Mikelangelo paid a great attention to mens
    beauty, that may be was characterizing of his
    sexual interests.

12
Mens beauty
  • In Elizavets era homosexual interests became
    more open. Women like tender boys were heroes in
    literature very often. They say that Shakespeare
    had big interest to mens beauty.
  • In the middle of XVIII s. in neoclassic period
    were special groups of men that paid big interest
    to their appearance. For example, Makarini club
    in London. They used corsets, wigs, made make up.
    They wanted to be like Casanova, but paid too
    great attention to women.
  • Member of Makarini club

13
Mens beauty nowadays
14
Formulas of beauty
  • Formulas of beauty were studied by different
    people. F.e. Leonardo da Vinci. According to his
    measuring
  • Distance from nose to chin from eyelids to hair
    line
  • Between eyes length of eye
  • Mouth not more than lines from interior border of
    iris
  • Length of hand height of face
  • Measuring of Venire statue made by Orden in 1683.

15
The British Association of Aesthetic Plastic
Surgeons recorded
16
TOP PROCEDURES FOR WOMEN
17
TOP PROCEDURES FOR MEN
18
Most plastic surgery operations
19
Hot topics of plastic surgery
20
The most dangerous word in plastic surgery may be
new.'
  • They warn not to impulsively undergo cosmetic
    procedures just because the advertisements are
    seductive or because you saw them on TV. There
    are effective tried and true surgical and
    nonsurgical cosmetic procedures available, so
    avoid those that are untested, ineffective,
    painful, risky, or outdated. Here are some
    procedures that Allure magazine, February 2013,
    suggests you should approach cautiously.
  • The vampire facelift The basic premise is that
    if your doctor injects your own yellow blood
    plasma around your eyes and mouth, the growth
    factors in your plasma will gradually stimulate
    collagen production. Plasma injection is unproven
    and adds a hefty 1,000 to your bill.
  • Laser liposuction In this procedure the high
    heat from lasers melts your fat before it is
    removed from your body. A laser wand (the melting
    device) is inserted under your skin before
    another tube vacuums out your fat. The benefit of
    the laser is better skin tightening, more
    elasticity, and less bruising. But some plastic
    surgeons cite disadvantages, including the risks
    of a burn, large scars, tissue hardening, and
    prolonged pain.
  • The stem cell facelift Almost 10 years ago
    claims started to appear that stem cells in fat
    improved skin quality. Shortly thereafter,
    injection of your own fat to plump certain areas
    in your face was called a stem cell facelift.
    Sounds irresistible, but a chair of plastic
    surgery at the University of Texas says the idea
    that fat injections can replace a traditional
    facelift is high on marketing and short on
    science. Stem cells may be the great hope of
    modern medicine, but right now there's no
    FDA-approved device to separate stem cells from
    fat and no proof that stem cells rejuvenate the
    face.

21
Teens going 'under the knife'
22
Mommy makeover
  • While many women choose to diet and exercise
    after pregnancy, some may find that no amount of
    time spent at the gym will help get rid of
    sagging skin or pockets of fat. Typically, a
    mommy makeover includes one or several of the
    following liposuction, a tummy tuck and breast
    augmentation. Together, these procedures can undo
    some of the damage caused by the stress of
    carrying and birthing a child.

23
Men will represent a growing segment of the
aesthetic surgery market.
  • According to the American Society for Aesthetic
    Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), in 2011, men had nearly
    800,000 cosmetic procedures, accounting for 9
    percent of the total number of procedures carried
    out by ASAPS doctors that year. That figure
    represents a 121 percent increase from the number
    of male patients going under the knife in 1997.
    Among the most popular procedures for men were
    rhinoplasty, liposuction, eyelid surgery, male
    breast reduction and facelifts.

24
Psychological aspects of aesthetic surgery
Coping with post-operative depression After
surgery, most patients experience mild feelings
of unhappiness. However, for an unlucky few,
post-operative depression may be more severe.
Post-surgery let downs usually set in about
three days after surgery. In fact, some plastic
surgeons call this condition "the Third-Day
Blues." It may last anywhere from a few days to
several weeks. This emotional let down may be
caused by stress, exhaustion, metabolic changes,
or the frustration of waiting for results to
appear. Depression may be especially stressful
for patients undergoing staged procedures, who
must cope with an unfinished "interval image"
until the final stage of surgery is complete.
  • 1 day after big operation on face

25
Planning of the operation
  • Marking of operation area

26
Complications
27
Complications
28
Variety of cosmetic operations
29
Breast implanting
  • Incision
  • Around the areola
  • Under breast
  • Axillaries

30
Breast implanting
  • Localization of implant
  • Over breast muscle
  • Under breast muscle

31
History of breast implants
  • Smooth implants with liquid silicon gel
  • Smooth implants with physiological solution
  • Not smooth with liquid silicon gel
  • Not smooth with not liquid silicon gel
    anatomically formed

32
ASPS Studies Re-Evaluate Psychological Benefits
And Health Concerns Of Silicone Breast Implants
  • Cancer RiskWhile some studies have raised
    concerns about the potential link between
    silicone breast implants and breast cancer,
    others have suggested the implants could cause
    other types of cancer (cervical, vulvar, lung,
    etc). A National Cancer Institute (NCI) review of
    past epidemiologic studies showed little support
    for an increased risk of cancer among breast
    implant patients.
  • "At present, there is no convincing evidence
    that breast implants alter the risk of cancer,"
    said Louise Brinton, Ph.D., NCI, and study
    author. "The few increases in risk that have been
    noted in studies appear to be largely
    attributable to lifestyle characteristics of the
    women, such as smoking, rather than the
    implants."

33
ASPS Studies Re-Evaluate Psychological Benefits
And Health Concerns Of Silicone Breast Implants
  • Effect on Breast-feeding"Our findings suggest
    there is no difference in silicone levels in the
    breast milk of women with silicone breast
    implants than in the breast milk of women without
    implants," said John Semple, MD, ASPS Member
    Surgeon and study author.

34
Capsular contracture of the right breast
Rupture / Deflation
After removing
35
  • There were 369,928 breast augmentations performed
    in 2012

36
Types of liposuction
  • Vacuum
  • Ultrasound
  • Electrical

37
Liposuction
38
Liposuction
39
Blepharoplasty
40
Thank You for attention
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