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Getting to Know the World

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Title: Getting to Know the World


1
Getting to Know the Worlds Great Artists
Tulsa Public Schools-Third Grade Visual Arts
Assessment
2
Getting to Know the Worlds Great Artists
Oklahoma Fine Arts Standard Two Visual Art
History and Culture
3
Getting to Know the Worlds Great Artists
Oklahoma Fine Arts Standard Two Visual Art
History and Culture
The student will recognize the development of
Visual Art from an historical and cultural
perspective.
  • Describe and place a variety of specific
    significant art objects by artist, style and
    historical and cultural contest
  • Identify themes and purposes of works of art and
    artifacts in history and culture
  • Demonstrate a basic knowledge of several fields
    of art such as painting, sculpture, drawing,
    computer graphics, printmaking, architecture, and
    fiber arts
  • Identify how visual art is used in todays
  • world including the popular media of advertising,
    television, and film

4
Getting to Know the Worlds Great Artists
You will look at the work of three artists from a
long time ago. They painted in the 15th, 16th,
and 17th Centuries. Their names are Leonardo Da
Vinci, El Greco and Rembrandt Van Rijn.
An Elephant. 1490. Pencil on Paper.
5
Introducing the Art Work of Leonardo Da Vinci
Ginerva de Benci. 1474. Tempera on wood.
6
Leonardo Da Vinci was born in the small Italian
town of Vinci in 1452. He kept the name of his
town for his own last name. When he was little,
he drew pictures of plants, insects, flowers,
animals, and birds. He drew what he saw in the
countryside near his home. He drew during a
period time that we call the Renaissance. In
Europe during this time people became interested
in art.
7
Many people say that the backgrounds he painted
looked like a science fiction or fairy-tale world.
8
Mona Lisa. 1503. Tempera and Oil.
9
You have probably heard people talk about the
Mona Lisa. No matter where you stand, her eyes
are looking into your eyes. Do you think her
smile is mysterious?
10
Leonardo was a great artist, but he became famous
because he was able to do so many other things
too. He was an architect, a musician, sculptor,
scientist, inventor, and a mathematician. He
designed beautiful things for churches, bridges,
and even whole cities. He used what he learned
from nature and science to make his paintings
look real.
11
Woman with Ermine. 1488-1490. Oil on Canvas
12
Da Vinci used dark shadows and light colors to
make what he was painting seem to come toward you.
13
When he was a teenager, his father took him to
Florence, Italy, to learn about being an artist.
It was one of the greatest art cities in
Europe. When he was twenty years old, he helped
his teacher finish his paintings. Leonardo
painted beautiful portraits. He used what he
learned about nature and science to make animals
and backgrounds to look realistic. It is hard to
see a brush mark on his canvas.

14
The Last Supper. 1495-1497. Fresco.
15
Leonardos greatest work was done for the wall of
a dining room that was used by the monks at a
church in Milan, Italy. The special way he
placed the men around the table gives them a
feeling of movement that had never been seen
before.
16
Today parts of The Last Supper are hard to see
because the paint is chipping off. Leonardo was
always experimenting with and making his own
paint. The paint he made for this painting did
not work well.
17
A New York Times Best Selling Book
18
There is only one Leonardo Da Vinci painting in
the United States. It is in the National Gallery
of Art in Washington, D. C. However, many people
are still enjoying his work through books,
posters and movies.
19
Introducing the Art Work of El Greco
Mater Dolorosa. Oil on canvas.1604.
20
Domenikos Theotokopoulos was born on the Greek
island of Crete in 1541. He traveled to Italy to
study art and then to Spain. He was called El
Greco.
21
Many of El Grecos (Spanish for The Greek)
paintings are based on religious stories from the
Bible. People liked to collect these artworks
for their churches and homes. Very few people at
this time could read, but they enjoyed the
stories that showed scenes from the Bible.
22
View of Toledo. 1597. Oil on Canvas.
23
When El Greco first arrived in Spain he stopped
in the city of Toledo. He fell in love with the
city. Do you think he painted it in a mysterious
and rugged way?
24
Light from the stormy, swirling sky seems to make
Toledo glow like the surface of the moon. El
Greco often included scenes of his favorite city
in the backgrounds of other paintings. Things
went well for El Greco in Toledo. Right away, he
was asked to make a large painting. The king of
Spain heard about El Grecos work and asked him
to do a painting for his new palace in the nearby
city of Madrid.
25
Saint Peter. 1600. Oil on Canvas.
26
He used crackling, electric colors, and
mysterious lighting that seemed as if it came
from another world.
27
El Greco was able to create a feeling of wonder
or fear or excitement or love in his paintings.
He did this by sometimes twisting and stretching
out his figures to create movement. El Greco was
one of the first artists to use oil paint. When
he worked in Italy, he used watercolors.
28
Saint Francis. 1600. Oil on Canvas.
29
El Greco died in his favorite city of Toledo at
age 74. That was very old for that time period.
30
A Café in Tokyo-Can you see the Japanese
lettering in the lower right corner?
31
Today many people still think of the mysterious
and exciting work of El Greco. There are many
buildings named after him.
32
You may see some of El Grecos paintings in the
United States in Chicago, New York, Washington D.
C., and Philadelphia.
33
Introducing the Art Work of Rembrandt Van Rijn
Night Watch. 1642. Oil on Canvas.
34
Rembrandt was born in Holland in 1606. He was
well known for his use of light and dark paints.
His use of dark paint helps him make the light
colors stand out. Do you think the light and
dark values of paint look dramatic?
35
The Night Watch is one of Rembrandts most famous
paintings. A group of soldiers asked him to make
a big painting of them all together. He painted
them doing things like marching, playing the
drum, and drawing out their swords.
36
At first they did not like the painting because
it was so different. In the past, everyone else
would line up for a portrait. Here some faces
are in the shadows. Those people in the shadows
felt like they were not seen as important.
37
The Mill. 1650. Oil on Canvas.
38
Rembrandt is best known for his paintings of
people, but he also did paintings of scenery.
These paintings are called landscapes. All
landscapes have a foreground, middle ground, and
background. Here in the foreground are the small
people and the boat. The middle ground is the
windmill, and the background is the sky.
39
Rembrandt lived his life near the city of
Amsterdam, Holland. There were many windmills
back then. In fact, Rembrandts father owned a
windmill. Rembrandt probably had lots of fun
when he was growing up.
40
Self Portrait. 1658. Oil on Canvas.
41
Even though there were no cameras in Rembrandts
time, we know what he looked like because he was
always painting pictures of himself. This
painting was done when he was 52 years old.
42
Sometimes he would use his family members or
himself to make a portrait. When you make a
portrait of yourself, it is called a Self
Portrait. Rembrandt painted over 500 pictures
many of which were portraits of rich people, his
family or religious people from Bible stories.
43
You might ask why people wanted their portraits
painted? People did not have cameras then.
Often when people were painted they asked that
something important to them be painted into the
picture. Sometimes a learned person would hold
a book, or a soldier would hold a sword. What
would you put in a portrait of you?
44
The Philosopher at Meditation. 1636. Oil on
Canvas.
45
One of the most important things about
Rembrandts paintings is that he painted people
in dramatic settings. Can you just imagine a
story to go with this painting?
46
Dental Advertisement for White Teeth
47
People today still think of Rembrandts art work
and how he used white to highlight and call
attention to things.
48
Its much better to see a real Rembrandt painting
than a picture of one. The Rembrandt paintings in
the United States are in New York, Chicago,
Boston, and Washington D.C.
49
  • Lets think about Art
  • If you were to make a drawing or a painting in
    the style of one of these artists what would you
    include?
  • Would your background or landscape have a
    dramatic or mysterious feeling?
  • Would you create a portrait of someone and use
    darks and lights to emphasize something?
  • If you did a portrait, what personal items would
    you include so you could tell a story about that
    person?
  • Think about one of the three artists and make
    either a portrait or a landscape. The portrait
    can be a self-portrait.

50
  • The End
  • Many thanks to the Visual Arts Assessment
    Committee
  • Carole Odierno-Memorial High School
  • Carol Dvorak-Carver Middle School
  • Fran Kallsnick-Byrd Middle School
  • Joe Sizemore-Nimitz Middle School
  • Linda Barnett-Wright Elementary School
  • Janet Gillis-Carnegie Elementary School
  • Janet Lefler-Key Elementary School
  • Ann Tomlins-Fulton
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