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Ethics in Biotechnology

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Ethics in Biotechnology Some Hot Topics - Gene Therapy - Genetically Modified Food Stem Cell Research - Dilemma - Introduction to Stem Cells - Global ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 24 October 2019
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Title: Ethics in Biotechnology


1
Ethics in Biotechnology
Leadership and Ethics Professor Kent Rhodes
  • Angela Copeland
  • Martin Proctor
  • Kelly Van der Sande

July 27, 2005 MBAM 685.13
2
Ethics in Biotechnology
  • Some Hot Topics
  • - Gene Therapy
  • - Genetically Modified Food
  • Stem Cell Research
  • - Dilemma
  • - Introduction to Stem Cells
  • - Global Stem Cell Views
  • - Religious Issues
  • - Hosmers Model

3
Some Hot Topics Gene Therapy
  • 2,800 Genetic Disorders
  • - Huntington, cystis fibrosis, hemophilia
  • 2 Types Gene Therapy
  • - Somatic gene therapy
  • - Germline gene therapy

4
Some Hot Topics Gene Therapy
5
Some Hot Topics Gene Therapy
  • Legislation
  • - FDA No approved products at this moment
  • - EU Regulatory directives, national
    interpretation
  • Ethical Considerations
  • - Playing God ? Perfecting Genes ?
  • - Somatic vs. Germline gene therapy
  • - Money, Money, Money !
  • - Racism, Eugenics

6
Some Hot Topics Genetically Modified Food
  • food product containing some quantity of any
    genetically modified organism (GMO) as an
    ingredient
  • Direct Indirect Benefits
  • Golden Rice , Flavr Savr Tomato

7
Some Hot Topics Genetically Modified Food
  • Legislation
  • - FDA Voluntary Consultation
  • - EU Some blanket bans, national
    interpretation
  • Ethical Considerations
  • - Unnatural ? Dangerous for humans
    environment
  • - Industrialization, Corporate Control
  • - Interfering with Nature ?
  • - Animal genes in plants vice versa

8
Ethics in Biotechnology
  • Some Hot Topics
  • - Gene Therapy
  • - Genetically Modified Food
  • Stem Cell Research
  • - Dilemma
  • - Introduction to Stem Cells
  • - Global Stem Cell Views
  • - Religious Issues
  • - Hosmers Model

9
Stem Cell Research Dilemma
  • Biotechnology Stem Cells
  • Dilemma
  • Protecting the unborn child
  • Vs.
  • Cure diseases and save many lives

10
Stem Cell Research Introduction to Stem Cells
  • Embryonic Stem Cells
  • Transforms into any type of cell
  • In a Petri dish
  • Umbilical Cord (Child) Stem Cells
  • From placenta / umbilical cord
  • Stem Cell Bank
  • Adult Stem Cells
  • More specialized stem cells
  • Difficult to locate, slower growth rate, higher
    rejection rate

11
Stem Cell Research Global Stem Cell views
  • US Various levels of allowance
  • UK Specific uses allowed
  • Countries that provide govt funding for
    research US, UK, South Korea, China, Australia,
    Israel, Singapore, Argentina, Uruguay, Sweden
  • Countries that allow research without government
    funding Switzerland, Finland, Greece, Brazil,
    Netherlands

12
Stem Cell Research Religious Issues
  • Legal set up major religion
  • Cathololic Church
  • NO WAY UNDER ANY SITUATION
  • The soul is one with the body
  • Anglican Church
  • Yes up till 14 days or split
  • Not an individual till that moment

13
Stem Cell Research Religious Issues
  • Islam
  • Not ensoled untill 40/120 days
  • Embryos not in their own environment will die
  • A duty to try and save life
  • Judaism
  • Religious law should protect life
  • Embryo will die so use it, can break commandments
    in order to save life

14
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Benefits ?
  • - Patients
  • - Governments
  • - Pharmaceutical companies
  • - Research

15
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Harmed ?
  • - Fetus
  • - Other Projects

16
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Rights fully exercised ?
  • - Patients
  • - Scientists
  • - Doctors

17
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Rights denied ?
  • - Religious Groups
  • - None Religious Pro-Life Groups
  • - Fetus

18
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Ethical Problem ?

19
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Economic Outcomes ?
  • - Healthcare savings
  • - Less money for other projects?
  • - For whom?
  • - Re-enter workforce
  • - Greying population

20
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Legal Requirements ?
  • - Research (42 countries)
  • - U.K. (cloning embryos)
  • - Medical Research (U.K., Belgium, Singapore
    Japan)
  • - Future considerations!

21
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Ethical Duties ?
  • - Relieve suffering of patients
  • - Education
  • - Funding medical research

22
Stem Cell Research Hosmers Model
  • Team Consensus ?
  • - Not a human being (14 days)
  • - Education
  • - Increase funding medical research
  • - Legal framework
  • - Wide availabillity
  • - Stem cell bank Personal bank

23
Ethics in Biotechnology
Leadership and Ethics Professor Kent Rhodes
  • Angela Copeland
  • Martin Proctor
  • Kelly Van der Sande

July 27, 2005 MBAM 685.13
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