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The Black Death

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The Black Death Presented by Zuzana P ikrylov What was it? 1 of the most deadly pandemics in human history Large decrease of inhabitans Spread from Asia to Europe ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Black Death


1
The Black Death
  • Presented by Zuzana Prikrylová

2
What was it?
  • 1 of the most deadly pandemics in human history
  • Large decrease of inhabitans
  • Spread from Asia to Europe in the 14.cent.
  • Great Death, Great Plague
  • ? dark black gangrene in the late stage
  • Very fast spread (1347-1352)

3
The reasons of the disease
  • From Asia or Africa by Mongol armies and traders
    to south Europe
  • Chinese x Mongol 14.cent. ? famine
  • Main reasons war, famine, weather, poor hygiene
  • Overpopulated Europe, heavy rains ? The Great
    Famine 1315-1322, northern Europe, 10
    inhabitans

4
The outbreak
  • 1330 China
  • The half of the 14.cent. Mongol warriors, used
    a biological weapon a part of todays Ukraine
    ? South Europe
  • 1347 Italy, spread northwest
  • - Egypt, Middle Eastern

5
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8
England
  • 70 of the population died
  • It never died out 14.-17.cent., the Great
    Plague of London - the last major outbreak

9
The disease
  • Black and brown rat, transported by fleas
  • Bubonic plague buboes around neck
  • Pneumonic plague fever, deep shade
  • Septicaemic plague purple skin patches

10
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11
The doctors
  • Special coats
  • Nose, which was filled with
  • disinfactants
  • No medicine

12
Consequences
  • 2 thirds of European population died
  • Villages x cities
  • Finding the reasons of spreading - astrological
    forces, earthquakes
  • Christian church - the most suffering
  • Price controls, no black market
  • Absence of grain in England
  • Valuable artisan skills disappeared, art
    reflected the human suffering

13
Consequences
  • Recession of the European economy
  • More available food and land for peasants
  • Wage controls the same as before
  • The shortage of labour - labourers gained more
    power
  • More meat and dairy products
  • fix prices and wages ? 1381 Peasants' Revolt in
    England

14
The persecution
  • Various groups of people Jews, friars,
    foreigners, beggars, pilgrims, gypsies
  • Defect of the soul
  • Jews poisoned wells,
  • lived in ghettos
  • were burnt
  • 210 communities burnt

15
The influence?
  • Really short but destroying pandemic disaster
  • In the 15.cent 1 of the most powerful countries
    may had influenced this development
  • Renaissance period

16
Thank for your attention
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