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Juvenile Delinquents (Should Juveniles be Tried as Adults?)

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Juvenile Delinquents (Should Juveniles be Tried as Adults?) By: Christie Childs Overview First, the reason for establishing juvenile courts was so that children did ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Juvenile Delinquents (Should Juveniles be Tried as Adults?)


1
Juvenile Delinquents(Should Juveniles be Tried
as Adults?)
  • By Christie Childs

2
Overview
  • First, the reason for establishing juvenile
    courts was so that children did not have to
    associate with the hardened adult criminals or
    have to be in their institutional at all.
  • Than the reason for separating juveniles and
    adults was to rehabilitate the child rather than
    punish them
  • A young person or juvenile is defined in s. 2
    in the young offenders act, as persons 12 years
    or more, but less than 18 years
  • Juvenile facilities teach juveniles how to change
    their life around and be an asset to the
    community.

3
Overview 2
  • Juvenile facilities have different programs such
    as the Behavioral Modification System, Pod- Based
    Programs, Cognitive behavioral programs, etc.
  • Restoration justice is based on the assumption
    that none of the essential functions of the
    justice system-rehabilitation, community
    protection, sanctioning, and victim
    restoration-can be effectively accomplished
    without the joint involvement of victims,
    offenders, and the community. It is based on the
    belief and value statement that justice is best
    served when victims, offenders, and the community
    receive balanced attention and gain tangible
    benefits from their interactions with the
    juvenile justice system.

4
Questions
  • What age should youth delinquents be tried as
    adults?
  • What is the purpose for building juvenile
    facilities?
  • Are juvenile facilities too harsh or too lenient?
  • Is juvenile crime rising because juvenile
    facilities are too lenient?
  • Does the Behavior modification system help youth
    reinforce appropriate behavior?
  • Should our tax money be spent on helping juvenile
    delinquents rehabilitate?

5
Thesis
  • Juveniles shouldnt be tried as adults because
    age appropriate facilities allow juvenile
    delinquents to be protected, juvenile court
    processions are age appropriate, and the
    rehabilitation in age appropriate facilities
    benefits society.

6
Argument 1
  • Age appropriate facilities allow juvenile
    delinquents to be protected.
  • The reason for establishing juvenile courts was
    so that children did not have to associate with
    the hardened adult criminals or have to be in
    their institutional at all.
  • All residents are in classes appropriate to
    their age level and/or cognitive functioning,
    including middle school, and GED education

7
Argument 2
  • Juvenile court processions are age appropriate
  • For the serious cases, the next step is for the
    citys legal department to file a formal
    petition, a statement of charges, which present
    the case against the child. Than the department
    sets a date or the hearing which is an informal
    sort of trail. The judge might decide to let the
    juvenile be released to his or her family until
    the hearing is scheduled. If the charges are
    serious the judge might decide to have the child
    be detained and sent to temporary residence
    facilities for young offenders
  • Less serious cases go directly to a fact-finding
    hearing, which is less formal than a trial but
    involves a lawyer for the juvenile.

8
Argument 3
  • The rehabilitation in age appropriate facilities
    benefits society.
  • Behaviour management system1) Ignore (ignore
    other inappropriate behaviour, focus on current
    task, avoid distraction) 2)Talk ( effectively
    articulating what the resident knows in group and
    classes appropriate use of language, such as no
    inappropriate, talk or Swearing.3)Cooperate/Parti
    cipate ( follow all directives and expectations,
    help out, and take initiative)4) Area ( rooms
    are orderly and neat residence have prepared
    materials for group and class homework is
    done)5) Gestures ( no gang signing,
    inappropriate touching good touching, e.g.
    patting on the back, shaking hands when meeting
    someone new and introducing oneself)
  • Residents receive weekly behavioural goals,
    which are evaluated three times per day.

9
Counter-arguments
  • If a person is old enough to know a certain
    action is wrong, and still does it he/she should
    suffer the full consequences?
  • The court is failing to protect society from
    youthful crimes.
  • In many cases the juvenile facilities are doing
    more harm than good for the young offenders.

10
True Story
  • JL, who is 17 was released in May. He completed
    his GED ( obtaining a nearly perfect score), is
    working several jobs, and is registered at
    College of Dupage. He has a long history of crime
    and incarceration, including in the state of
    California.
  • When I came to the detention center, my family
    wrote me off. I had no family. I had nothing. In
    California, when I was locked up, I was treated
    like an animal. No one asked me how I was doing.
    I came to the Dupage detention center. The staff
    became like family to me. They asked how they
    could help me. They showed me positive things
    about myself. They taught me skills How to look
    at my behavior how to make changed in my life
    how to think positively. I was able to take pride
    in myself for the first time. The detention
    center taught me how to be successful.

11
Work Cited
  •  Albert R. Roberts, Juvenile Justice Sourcebook,
    New York Oxford University Press, (2004)
  • Anothony N. and Carla Cesaroni, Responding to
    Youth Crime in Canada, Toronto
    University of Toronto Press, 2004/
  • Barry Krisberg, James F.Austin, Reinventing
    Juvenile Justice, Unitied States Sage
    Publications, inc. (1993)
  • Carney, Dan. Get Tough' juvenile crime bill
    approved by Senate panel. TOPICsearch.http//sear
    ch.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?directtruedbtthAN
    9709102099siteehost-live

12
Work Cited
  • D. Owen. Justice Delinquency in Canada, Concord
    ON Irwin Publishing, 1998
  • Ellen Heath Grinney, Delinquency and Criminal
    Behavior, U.S Chelsea House Publishers, 1992
  •  John A. Fraser, House of Commons Debates,
    Hansard 1992
  • Lacayo, Richard, Teen Crime http//search.ebscoh
    ost.com/login.aspx?directtruedbtthAN970716155
    5site-ehost-live, TOPICsearch

13
Work Cited
  • Nicholas Bala, Youth Criminal Justice Law,
    Toronto Irwin Law Inc. (2003)
  • Stephen D. Cook, Young Offenders Act-1991,
    Vancouver B.C The continuing Legal Education
    Society of British Columbia, 1991
  • Trumbull, Mark, Trying teens as adults Not
    always hard time. http//search.ebscohost.com/log
    in.aspx?directtruedbtthAN9508281426siteehos
    t-live, TOPICsearch
  • V. Moore, Juvenile Crime, New York Nova Science
    Publisher, inc., (2003)
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