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Literary Terms to Remember Notes, Fill-in and hi-lite

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Title: Literary Terms to Remember Notes Author: mareilly Last modified by: Heinitz Reilly Margaret A Created Date: 9/8/2008 5:54:09 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Literary Terms to Remember Notes, Fill-in and hi-lite


1
Literary Terms to Remember Notes, Fill-in and
hi-lite
2
1. Setting
  • The setting is the time, place and location
  • of a story.

Examples of Setting 1. Titanic- April 1912,
Atlantic Ocean, Ship
2. Hachiko- Japan,a dogs life, train station 3.
Three Skeleton Key- Light house, past tense,
island
3
  • 2. Plot-
  • The sequence in which the author arranges
    the events of the story.
  • Plots have a beginning, middle, and an end.
  • The writer arranges the events of the plot to
    keep the readers interest!

4
  • The events of the plot can be divided into 5!
  • 1. Exposition Introduces the characters, setting
    and conflict.
  • 2. Rising Action Builds up the conflict and
    develops the characters.
  • 3. Climax The highest point of action.
  • 4. Falling Action The conflicts begin to be
    resolved.
  • 5. Resolution Resolves the story and ties up all
    of the loose ends.

5
5 Plot Diagram
  • 3 climax
  • 2 rising action 4 falling
    action
  • 5
    resolution

1 exposition
6
Conflict
  • 3. Conflict- Most plots involve a conflict
    (PROBLEM) where the hero is
  • some how opposed or challenged.
  • Examples
  • 1. man vs. man
  • 2. man vs. beast
  • 3. man vs. nature
  • 4. man vs. supernatural
  • 5. man vs. self
  • 6. man vs. society

7
  • Characterization- is the act of telling the
    reader about the
  • characters emotions and personality.
  • Sometimes the writer will tell you directly
    about the characters personality.

8
Characterization
  • Other times, the writer lets the reader
    formulate their own opinion about the characters
    in the story.
  • This is called
  • implied characterization.

9
Student Examples In the story Princess, Don
Osvaldos characterization is Greedy, mean,
selfish, arrogant, stubborn
10
Characterization examples
  • a. Miss Awful strict, caring, stoic
  • b. Roger Clark a silly heart, caring
  • c. Margot shy, lonely, depressed
  • d. Judy Morales obedient, mature, kind
  • e. Man from TBF- naïve,
  • egotistical, callow

11
Literary Termsmore to remember!
  • Atmosphere- The overall mood or emotion of a work
    of
    literature.
  • The atmosphere is created by the authors use
    of
  • descriptions, sounds and images.

12
Atmosphere
  • The atmosphere of a story could be happy, sad,
    scary, dreamy, etc.
  • Student Example Princess has a very sad
    atmosphere.
  • Miss Awful comical, hopeful
  • All Summer in a Day futuristic,
  • morose

13
Climax
  • Climax/Turning Point is the highest point of
    action in the story.
  • Student Example
  • a. All Summer in a Day- kids lock
  • Margot in the closet, the sun comes out.
  • b. Princess-Judy is forced to feed
  • the dog the beans.
  • c. To Build a Fire-man tries to kill dog.

14
RESOLUTION
  • 3. Resolution- the resolution/denouement of a
    plot occurs near the end of a story.
  • All the loose ends are tied together.

15
Resolution Examples
  • Princess dies in the end of the story.
  • Judy feels terribly guilty and blames herself.
  • Judys life changes.

16
Foreshadowing
  1. Foreshadowing- gives the reader clues at what
    will happen later on in the story.
  2. Writers use foreshadowing to create suspense and
    related details.

17
Copy this Foreshadowing Example
  • Selena drops the white rose in the opening
    act. This is likely to foreshadow tragedy later
    on in the story.

18
A Blast from the Past!
  • 2. Flashback- an interruption in the story to
    flash
    backward and tell what
    happened at an earlier time.

19
  • Flashbacks help fill in missing information,
    explain the main
    characters actions, and advance
    the plot.

20
Student Example
  • Stephen Kings The Body
  • Young Gordy is mistreated and ignored by his
    parents and we dont know why until the
    flashback. Gordy recalls (flashback) the day that
    his older brother was killed. This information
    helps us to realize why Gordys parent treat him
    so badly.

21
IRONY
  • 3. IRONY-Irony occurs when something happens that
    is different than what is expected.

22
3 Forms of Irony
  1. Verbal irony -involves a contrast between what is
    said/written and what is meant. Calling someone a
    rocket scientist when they do not know how to
    change a light bulb.
  2. Dramatic irony The audience knows something the
    character does not.
  3. Situational irony something different occurs
    than what is expected.

23
Situational Irony Examples ( Not to be confused
with coincidence)
  • a. The Mesa Fire Department receives a call that
    a house is on fire. On the way to the emergency,
    the fire truck catches fire!
  • b. You never smoked in your life, and you get
    lung cancer.
  • c. You never flown before because youre afraid.
    You are on your first flight and the plane
    crashes!

24
Protagonist
  • Protagonist (the main character)-is the most
    important character in the story. Normally, the
    reader sympathizes with this character, or at
    least learns to understand the protagonist.

25
Protagonist Example Miss Awful -The cheerful
and concerned little boy, Roger Clark .
  • 1. Roger Clark
  • 2. Margot
  • 3. The dog from TBF
  • 4. The Narrator (Three Skeleton Key)
  • 5. Superman

26
Antagonist (Villain)
  • Antagonist- An antagonist is the person or force
    that is in conflict with the main character in
    the story.
  • An antagonist can be another character, a force
    of nature, society, or something within the
    character.

27
Antagonist think of antagonizing which
means annoying, to anger, irritate
  • Antagonist Examples
  • Cole Matthews from the story Touching Spirit
    Bear.
  • 1. The rats (TSK)
  • 2. William (ASD)
  • 3. The Man from TBF
  • 4. The Joker
  • 5. Darth Vader

28
SYMBOLISM
  • SYMBOLISM- A symbol is a person, place or an
    object that stands for, or symbolizes an abstract
    idea.

29
  • Student Examples
  • A dove may symbolize peace and purity.
  • A red rose may symbolize love.
  • Railroad track- childhood into adulthood
  • Yearling (fawn)- innocence
  • See examples and write them in!

30
Symbols -Create your own!
  • cross-Christianity
  • Egyptian ankh - peace
  • Star of David- Judaism
  • Peace sign-peace and harmony
  • Ying-Yang- balance
  • Eagle-freedom, power
  • Statue of Liberty- freedom, equality
  • The Raven-death
  • Heart-love
  • Yellow-fear, blue-power, green-hope
  • a blossoming red flower- tragedy
  • A black circle symbolized the Winning ticket.

31
TONE
  • 2. Tone-is the writers attitude toward his/her
    own work of literature. For example, the tone of
    a story can be
  • Angry, bitter, sad, romantic, frightening etc.

32
THEME
  • 3.Theme- The theme of a literary work is its main
    idea, a general statement about life. The theme
    or main idea is sometimes written out for the
    reader. And other times, you must figure out the
    message on your own because it is an implied main
    idea theme.

33
POV
  • Point of View-is the position in which the story
    is being told.
  • Writers use 3 different points of view.

34
First- Person POV
  • First- person POV- The narrator is one of the
    characters in the story. The narrator explains
    the events through his or her own eyes, using the
    pronouns I, mine, my and me.

35
Third-person Omniscient POV
  • Third-person Omniscient POV-The narrator is not a
    character in the story. Instead, the narrator
    looks through the eyes of all of the characters.
  • As a result, the narrator is All Knowing (
    Omniscient ).
  • The narrator uses pronouns he , she, and they.

36
Third-person Limited POV
  • Third-person Limited POV- The narrator tells the
    story through the eyes of only one character,
    using pronouns he, she, and they.
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