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Edgar Allen Poe and The Dark/Gothic Romantics

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Title: Edgar Allen Poe and The Dark/Gothic Romantics


1
Edgar Allen Poe and The Dark/Gothic Romantics
  • Like the other Romantic writers, Edgar Allen Poe,
    Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Herman Melville valued
    intuition and the imagination over logic and
    reason.

2
Edgar Allen Poe and The Dark Romantics
  • However, they held a less optimistic view of the
    world and acknowledged the existence of sin,
    pain, and evil in human life.

3
Poe and The Dark/Gothic Romantics
  • Their work explored the conflict between good and
    evil, the psychological effects of guilt and sin,
    and even madness.

4
Art by the Dark/Gothic Romantics
5
Art by the Dark/Gothic Romantics
The Nightmare John Henry Fuseli
6
Edgar Allen Poe
  • Master of the psychological thriller/mystery
  • Wanted readers to leave the rational world and
    discover the unsettling, dark truths of the human
    mind
  • Orphaned at age three, he said, the want of
    parental affection has been the heaviest of my
    trials.

7
The Raven
  • Poe sold the poem The Raven for 9 in 1845.
  • Despite its overwhelming success, he died nearly
    broke.
  • He compared writing the poem to solving a
    mathematical problem, and claimed to have written
    the final stanzas first.

8
SYMBOLISM
  • A person, place, thing, or event in a piece of
    writing that has meaning in itself, but that also
    represents something largeroften something
    abstract, like a human emotion or universal
    experiencebeyond the story.

9
SYMBOLISM
  • For example, the traveler in The Tide Rises,
    the Tide Falls could symbolize the temporary
    nature of human life.

10
SYMBOLISM
  • In Herman Melvilles Moby Dick, the whale
    represents something bigger thanjust a
    whalenamely, human obsession with an
    unattainable goal.

11
SLANT RHYME
  • A rhyme that is not exact, such as
  • follow/fellow or mastery/mystery or rain/again or
    sting/being

12
Pp 436-440
  • 1) What is the poems rhyme scheme?
  • 2) A. Copy the part of the line in stanza three
    that contains personification
  • B. What inhuman thing is given what human
    characteristic?
  • 3) What choices does Poe make that help us infer
    that Lenore is a woman the speaker was
    romantically involved with?

13
The Raven
  • 4) a. What is the mood at the beginning of the
    poem? (Give an adjective NOT in the poem) Not
    sure what mood is? Look at your Tone Word
    handout.
  • b. List at least five word choices from the first
    three stanzas that create the mood you wrote for
    a.

14
The Raven
  • 5) List the words that create alliteration in
    line 26
  • 6) a. What example of figurative language can be
    found in line 31?
  • b. Explain how the example meets the
    definition.

15
The Raven
  • 7) Why does the speaker initially think that
    Nevermore is the birds name?
  • 8) 11th stanza (lines 61-66). Decode this stanza
    into everyday language. Its tricky!
  • 9) 13th stanza (lines 73-78). Copy an example of
    assonance.

16
The Raven
  • 10) a. What is the speakers tone in stanza 15
    (lines 85-90)? (Get out your tone word handout!)
  • b. What diction choices create that tone?
  • c. How does Poes syntax (his use of multiple
    dashes) in this stanza help convey the speakers
    tone?
  • 11) What is the internal slant rhyme in lines 85
    and 91?

17
The Raven
  • 12) After reading the final stanza, what do you
    think the Raven symbolizes? Dont just give a one
    word answer. Defend and explain your choice.
    Consider what the raven does and says in the
    story of the poem.

18
  • Once students have answered 12, go onto the next
    slide.

19
Poe on the The Raven
  • I asked myself - 'Of all melancholy topics,
    what... is the most melancholy?' Death - was the
    obvious reply. 'And when,' I said, 'is this most
    melancholy of topics most poetical?'... 'When it
    most closely allies itself to Beauty the death,
    then, of a beautiful woman is, unquestionably,
    the most poetical topic in the world -- and
    equally is it beyond doubt that the lips best
    suited for such topic are those of a bereaved
    lover.'" Edgar Allan Poe, "The Philosophy of
    Composition," 1846
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