IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6dc139-MjViZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914

Description:

IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914 The history of Felix Manalo The history of his church The doctrines of the INC-1914 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:25
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 12 June 2020
Slides: 164
Provided by: ed9180
Learn more at: http://mountainviewcoc.files.wordpress.com
Category:
Tags: cristo | iglesia | thou | vision

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914


1
IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • The history of Felix Manalo
  • The history of his church
  • The doctrines of the INC-1914

2
OUTLINE OF OUR LESSON
  • THE HISTORY OF FELIX MANALO
  • THE HISTORY OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • THE TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • APPENDIX
  • REFERENCES

3
KNOW WHAT THEY TEACH
  • (1) The INC-1914 was established by God himself.
  • (2) This new movement began in 1914 in the
    Philippines.
  • (3) Felix Manalo its head, its first executive
    minister.
  • (4) The original church of Christ apostatized.
  • (5) Felix Manalo is the savior in these last
    days.
  • (6) Felix Manalo is the last messenger.

4
KNOW WHAT THEY TEACH
  • (7) Felix Manalo is the ravenous bird from the
    east and the far country is the Philippines.
  • (8) Felix Manalo the fifth angel rising from the
    east and the east is the Philippines.
  • (9) Felix Manalo is Jacob, and the INC-1914 is
    Israel.
  • (10) The Philippines is the isles of the sea.
  • (11) Salvation is only in the INC-1914.
  • (12) The year 1914 is the ends of the earth.

5
KNOW WHAT THE TEACH
  • (13) The INC-1914 is the people from afar off.
  • (14) The INC-1914 is the other fold of Christ.
  • (15) Christ was only a man and not God.
  • (16) Christ was only made as Lord by God.
  • (17) Christ worshipped not because He was God.
  • (18) The Holy Spirit is not God.
  • (19) The doctrine of the Trinity is false.
  • (20) Those who believe that Jesus is both God and
    man are the antichrists.
  • (21) The doctrine of soul-sleeping.

6
I. THE HISTORY OF THEIR FOUNDER
  • Place of birth Calzada, Tipas, Taguig, Rizal.
  • Date of birth Mayo 10, 1886.
  • Firstborn son of Bonifacia Manalo and Mariano
    Ysagun, both devout Catholics. He had a sister
    named Praxedes.
  • Mariano Ysagun was a farmer and shrimp fisherman.
    So the family was dirt-poor.
  • In 1896, the year of the Philippine Revolution,
    Mariano Ysagun, Felix Manalos father, died.
  • His mother Bonifacia Manalo remarried, this time
    to Clemente Monzo, a widower.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 86.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Y._Manalo

7
The origins of Felix Manalo
  • Bonifacia and Clemente Monzo had two children.
  • Two months before the birth of their second
    child, Clemente Monzo died.
  • To support the family, Aling Bonifacia found
    employment as a weaver of bamboo mats.
  • On the other hand, Felix moved from one job to
    another, as a barber, photographer, goldsmith,
    and hat maker.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 86.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Y._Manalo

8
Felix found a Bible
  • Felix had an uncle, a certain Mariano Borja, a
    priest of the Catholic church, serving the parish
    of Sampaloc, Manila.
  • In 1900, in the parish home of his uncle, he
    found a Bible. Felixs later biographers wrote
    that Felix had been warned by his uncle about
    that book, but Felix got more curious. Reading it
    opened his eyes. He began to entertain some
    questions about the church of his birth.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 86.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Y._Manalo

9
Joined the colorum group and the Methodist
Episcopal church
  • His religious journey brought him into contact
    with the colorum groups in Banahaw, Catholic
    sects that preyed on the untrained minds of
    searchers who wanted something new. He left the
    group when he discovered that the voice of some
    spirit speaking from the inner sanctums of the
    cave, mesmerizing its devotees, was actually that
    of the colorum leader.
  • In 1902, he heard the debate between an American
    Protestant missionary and a Catholic priest. Two
    years later, he joined the Methodist Episcopal,
    studied Bible in their school, and became a
    Methodist preacher.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 86.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Y._Manalo

10
His quarrel with a priest
  • His mother was dying and, being a good son, he
    went back to their home in Taguig to spend the
    last days with her.
  • He saw the priest giving his mother the extreme
    unction. Being a Protestant pastor, and knowing
    from his studies at the Bible school that
    Catholic rites and practices were of no effect to
    the living or the dead, he opposed it. He and the
    priest had a hot discussion, an argument that led
    to nowhere.
  • In order to teach the young pastor a lesson, the
    priest did not allow the remains of Bonifacia
    Monzo to be buried at the Catholic cemetery in
    Taguig. So, Felix had his mother interred in an
    Aglipayan cemetery in the village of Kabaong,
    near Pateros, Rizal.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 86.

11
His change of surname, his membership with the
Presbyterian Church and with the Church of Christ.
  • He now sought to honor his mothers memory by
    changing his surname to Manalo. Felixs
    biographers downplayed the criticism that Felix
    had his name changed because Manalo was much
    well-known than Ysagun.
  • This time he again had a change of churches, from
    Methodist to Presbyterian. This sect had much
    improved facilities and a much bigger Bible
    school, the Ellinwood.
  • Manalo either was a restless soul looking for the
    right church or an opportunist looking for great
    gains for again he changed churches he now
    joined the Church of Christ. Indigenously
    American, this church operated the Christian
    Mission and a Bible college.
  • References Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, pp.
    86-87.
  • http//www.pipeline.com/selfsoft/coc1933/coc1933.
    htm

12
His experience with the Church of Christ
  • Leslie Wolfe wrote a letter to a certain brother
    Laspinas in answer to the latters questions
    about Felix Manalo, affirming the following
  • (1) That Felix was indeed one of their students
    at their school.
  • (2) That Felix was their supported preacher,
    preaching for the Church of Christ at Singalong,
    Manila.
  • (3) That Felix had married one of their students
    named Tomasa Sereneo.
  • (4) That Felix had been accused of domestic
    violence and was disciplined by the church for
    beating his wife. They had his support cut off
    when Felix refused to meet with them. As a
    result, Felix left the Church of Christ.
  • (5) Brother Wolfe said that Felix had also
    fathered another child with another woman,
    according to court records.
  • http//www.pipeline.com/selfsoft/coc1933/coc1933.
    htm

13
His experience with the Seventh-Day Adventist
  • In 1912, he attended a Bible lecture conducted by
    L. V. Finster, Adventist missionary. Before the
    year ended, Felix switched membership to the SDA.
  • By this time Felix was already a widower. He now
    courted an Adventist lass named Honorata de
    Guzman. For reasons that were not explained,
    Felix eloped with the woman. Being a widower, he
    did not need to, for he was free to remarry. They
    married on May 9, 1913. He brought her to his
    church in Malolos, Bulacan.
  • The Adventist church did not take too kindly to
    this action by their local worker. They put Felix
    under discipline for the elopement and for
    another infraction they called moral
    indiscretion. That was the last straw for Felix.
    He severed his ties with the SDA.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 87.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Manalo

14
II. HISTORY OF IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914The first
group founded by Felix Manalo
  • Without a church and without support, Felix went
    back to his hat making business. This time he
    mingled with a group of skeptics, agnostics, and
    atheists. He however did not stay long with the
    group because of their deliberate misuse of the
    Scriptures.
  • In November 1913, he secluded himself for two
    days and three nights in the room of a certain
    Eusebio Sunga in Pasay, who generously provided
    them lodging. From that experience, he came out a
    changed man. He now thought he had found the true
    church and that he had a mission To strive to
    end disunity among Christians.
  • With his wife in tow, he boarded a banca across
    the Pasig River. In Sitio, Punta, Sta. Ana,
    Manila, he sought the people he had known during
    his preaching days. The place was the compound of
    Atlantic Gulf Pacific.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 87.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Manalo

15
The group was registered on July 27, 1914
  • At the AGP compound, Felix had some success,
    immersing his first 12 disciples. This group
    became the Iglesia ni Kristo. Note that the
    designation of their church is a strict Tagalog
    translation of the Church of Christ, the church
    that had first supported Felix as their
    evangelist. And to put an end to criticisms that
    his church is a colorum group, he had it
    registered with the government, with the sole
    purpose of preaching the gospel.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 87.
  • The first paragraph of their Articles of
    Incorporation says Que los fundadores de esta
    asosacion son Felix Manalo, domiciliado en
    Taguig, Rizal, I.F. Pedro Inocencio, Atanacio
    Morte, Felicisimo R. de Leon
  • In English The founders of this association
    are Felix Manalo, residing in Taguig, Rizal,
    P.I. Pedro Inocencio, Atanacio Morte, Felicisimo
    R. de Leon

16
Cases of immorality
  • In 1916, their number had increased. They started
    expanding outside Manila. By 1922, they had new
    congregations in the provinces of Tarlac, Nueva
    Ecija, Pampanga and Bulacan.
  • That year too (1922) Felix was accused of
    immorality. Many members left his church while
    others chose to confront him of his sins. The
    most serious of these challenges to his authority
    was the Ora Rebellion, led by Teofilo Ora and
    another prominent INC leader named Basilio
    Santiago. This resulted to the loss of his
    churches in Nueva Ecija and Bulacan.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 87

17
Felixs trip to the U.S.
  • PACIFIC SCHOOL OF RELIGION. Felix Manalo must
    have realized that although he had the Tagalog
    charismatic firepower, the great facility in the
    dialect, he, knowledge-wise, still lacked the
    power to convince his detractors of the
    reasonableness of his cause. He had already
    registered his church. He had already learned
    Bible at the Methodist school, at the
    Presbyterian Churchs Ellinwood facilities, and
    at the Church of Christs Bible college. Those
    were not enough. So we heard him making that trip
    to America, specifically to the Pacific School of
    Religion in sunny California in the year 1919.
  • Well, if he did study Bible science in that US
    theological college, his name would have appeared
    in the roster of students. It did not (Joseph
    Giaime, Ni Iglesia Ni Cristo, Too Many
    Religious Sects?, 1980), p. 9).

18
The doctrine of the Sugo (1922)
  • In 1922, after the Ora Rebellion, Manalo started
    proclaiming himself as the Sugo (messenger)
    whom God sent in these last days to preach His
    righteousness, beginning with the Filipinos.
  • Reference Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p. 87.
  • Their reasoning runs like this
  • (1) What is the true church? It is the church
    that has a Sugo, the man to whom God alone
    revealed His will in these last days.
  • (2) The Sugo is he who fulfills the prophecies
    about the ravenous bird from a far country
    (Isaiah 4611) and the fifth angel who rises from
    the east (Revelation 72-3). That ravenous bird
    and that fifth angel is Felix Manalo.

19
The doctrine of the Sugo (1922)
  • (3) The four other angels are the leaders of
    America, Great Britain, France and Italy.
  • (4) The hurting of the earth is the First World
    War.
  • (5) The east and the far country is the
    Philippines.
  • (6) The servants of God are the Filipinos.
  • (7) The sealing is the preaching of the gospel
    and the reemergence of the new church.
  • (8) Any church that has no Sugo is not the
    Church of Christ. Since the Sugo is Gods last
    messenger, he too is the man whom men must accept
    for the saving and sanctification of their souls.
    Tanggapin natin siya sa ikababanal at
    ikaliligtas ng ating kaluluwa (PASUGO, Enero
    1954, p. 28 PASUGO, Sept. 1967, p. 43).

20
The doctrine of the Sugo (1922)
  • So both the Old and New Testaments are Felixs
    credentials for messengership. Now for the proof
    that the east is indeed the Philippines, you go
    to Philippine history book.
  • Felixs messengership is proclaimednot in the
    Bible! but in his magazine called the Pasugo
    (Isang Pagbubunyag, p. 184). Why is this very
    important teaching of the INC-1914 written only
    in the Pasugo and not in the Bible? Well, the
    Bible had already been written and can no longer
    be revised to include Felixs name (Ibid.).
    Fantastic reasoning, isnt it?

21
Felixs last days
  • In 1953, Felix chose his son Erano (his fifth
    child by Honorata de Guzman, his third son after
    Dominador and Salvador) to take over his place as
    executive minister of the INC-1914.
  • Ten years later, on April 12, 1963, Felix died,
    apparently of cancer. Erano Manalo, who had been
    waiting in the wings, took over as head of the
    church that his father had founded.
  • References Joseph Giaime, Ni Iglesia Ni
    Cristo, Too Many Religious Sects?, p. 9.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Manalo
  • Note This year, 2009, saw the demise of Erano
    Manalo. Eduardo his son is now the present head
    of the INC-1914.

22
III. TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 1. WHO FOUNDED THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914?
  • According to the INC, God did! Well, what is the
    truth?
  • In 1914, a young Filipino by the name of Felix
    Manalo, 28, married, began preaching the Church
    of Christ in a place called the Sitio of Punta in
    the district of Sta. Ana in the city of Manila,
    Philippines. This event, which marked the
    beginning of a new religious movement in the
    history of what is known as the Christian world,
    occurred concurrently with the outbreak of the
    First World War in Europe on July 27, 1914
    (PASUGO, July-Aug., 1979, p. 14). (Underscoring
    ours).

23
MANALO FOUNDED THE INC-1914
  • The first paragraph of their Articles of
    Incorporation says
  • Que los fundadores de esta asosacion son Felix
    Manalo, domiciliado en Taguig, Rizal, I.F. Pedro
    Inocencio, Atanacio Morte, Felicisimo R. de
    Leon
  • In English That the founders of this
    association are Felix Manalo, resident of Taguig,
    Rizal, P.I. Pedro Inocencio, Atanacio Morte,
    Felicisimo R. de Leon
  • Established in 1914 by Bishop Felix Manalo,
    says the Encyclopedia of the Philippines (Vol.
    xix, pp. 96-98).

24
THE TRUE CHURCH HAS JESUS AS ITS FOUNDER
  • MATTHEW 1618,
  • And I also say unto thee, that thou art Peter,
    and upon this rock I will build my church and
    the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it
    (ASV).
  • Upon this rock. The construction custom in
    Judea, which too supplied the Lord with themes to
    use in his teaching (Matt. 724-27), is the
    building of a house or edifice on a rock, as a
    solid foundation providing security from
    inundations, tempests, storms and other vagaries
    of nature. The word for rock here is Petra,
    feminine, not Peter or Petros, which is
    masculine.

25
THE TRUE CHURCH HAS JESUS AS ITS FOUNDER
  • The rock refers to the truth that Peter just
    confessed Thou art the Christ, the Son of the
    living God. Everything that Christ isHis deity,
    His divine sonship, His messiahshipis one great
    foundation on which to erect a divine institution
    that could stand amidst the flames of persecution
    and other trials.
  • I will build my church. Christ says I will
    build my own church (assembly, gathering). The
    term is applied to Christians as being called
    out from the world, a body of men and women
    devoted to a certain Master, a society of people
    united in a goal to serve God and worship Him in
    a place.

26
THE CHURCH IS THE HOUSE THAT GOD BUILT
  • PSALM 1271, Except Jehovah build the house,
    They labor in vain that build it Except Jehovah
    keep the city, The watchman waketh but in vain
    (ASV).
  • 1 TIM. 315, But if I tarry long, that thou
    mayest know how men ought to behave themselves in
    the house of God, which is the church of the
    living God, the pillar and ground of the truth
    (ASV).
  • Note The theme of Psalm 127 is that human
    endeavor succeeds only with divine blessing. If
    we apply the word house to the church, the
    principle still holds true. Any church-building
    effort that does not have Gods sanction is an
    empty enterprise. Also, any church that God did
    not build is not His, and they who promote it are
    just wasting their efforts.

27
THE PLANT THE FATHER HAS NOT PLANTED SHALL BE
ROOTED UP
  • MATTHEW 1513. But he answered and said, Every
    plant which my heavenly Father planted not, shall
    be rooted up (ASV).
  • ? de ap?????e?? e?pe? pasa f?te?a ?? ???
    ef?te?se? ? pat?? µ?? ? ???a???? e???????seta?
    (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation And he answering said
    Every plant which my heavenly Father planted not
    shall be uprooted.
  • Jesus compares the Pharisees to plants in a
    garden that were not planted by the owner of it,
    and declares that they shall be rooted up. They
    were teaching without divine authority or
    approbation and what he had said was intended
    not to please them, but to root them up (J. W.
    McGarvey, Commentary on Matthew and Mark). Note
    The principle also applies to church planting and
    church teaching without Gods sanction. Sects and
    cults exist without His authority they too shall
    be rooted up.

28
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 2. THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO BEGAN IN 1914, AT PUNTA,
    STA. ANA, MANILA.
  • This movement began in 1914 (Encyclopedia of
    the Philippines, vol. xix, pp. 96-98).
  • Their PASUGO says
  • In 1914, a young Filipino by the name of Felix
    Manalo, 28, married, began preaching the Church
    of Christ in a place called Sitio of Punta in the
    district of Sta. Ana in the city of Manila,
    Philippines. This event, which marked the
    beginning of a new religious movement in the
    history of what is known as the Christian world,
    occurred concurrently with the outbreak of the
    First World War in Europe on July 27, 1914
    (PASUGO, July-Aug., 1979, pp. 14, 50).
    (Underscoring ours).

29
THE TRUE CHURCH WAS PROPHESIED TO BE ESTABLISHED
IN JERUSALEM IN THE LAST DAYS!
  • ISAIAH 22-3, And it shall come to pass in the
    latter days, that the mountain of Jehovah's house
    shall be established on the top of the mountains,
    and shall be exalted above the hills and all
    nations shall flow unto it. 3 And many peoples
    shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to
    the mountain of Jehovah, to the house of the God
    of Jacob and he will teach us of his ways, and
    we will walk in his paths for out of Zion shall
    go forth the law, and the word of Jehovah from
    Jerusalem (ASV).
  • IN THE LATTER DAYS (OR LAST DAYS)
  • JEHOVAHS HOUSE SHALL BE BUILT (cf. 1 TIM. 315)
  • ALL NATIONS SHALL FLOW INTO IT
  • HE WILL TEACH US HIS WAYS
  • OUT OF ZION COMES THE LAW JEHOVAHS WORD FROM
    JERUSALEM

30
THE TRUE CHURCH WAS ESTABLISHED IN JERUSALEM ON
PENTECOST DAY (ACTS 2)!
  • Day of Pentecost50th day from the day Jesus was
    resurrected from the dead (ACTS 21).
  • They waited in the upper chamber of a house in
    the city of Jerusalem (ACTS 112-14).
  • They were filled and guided by the Spirit (ACTS
    22-4).
  • They preached the word of the Lord and the law of
    salvation (ACTS 237-38).
  • Those who were saved were added to their number
    (ACTS 247).
  • Those baptized were added to the one body (1 COR.
    1213 COL. 118 EPH. 523).
  • They were the first church of Jesus (ACTS 81).
  • When did this happen? 33 AD, based on our
    history.

31
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 3. FELIX MANALO THE HEAD OF THE IGLESIA NI
    CRISTO-1914.
  • The present head of this church is Bishop Felix
    Manalo (Encyclopedia of the Philippines, vol.
    xix, pp. 96-98).
  • In 1953, Felix Manalo and his ministers appointed
    Erano his son to be the head of the INC-1914, the
    position Erano assumed when Felix died in 1963.
    This year 2009, after Eranos death, his son
    Eduardo Manalo took over the helm of the church
    that his grandfather had founded.
  • Because there were no precursors to the
    registered church, external sources and critics
    of the Iglesia ni Cristo refer to him as the
    founder of the Iglesia ni Cristo and describe him
    as such.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Manalo
  • The heads of the INC-1914 are all Manalos Felix,
    Erano, Eduardo.

32
CHRIST IS THE HEAD OF HIS CHURCH!
  • EPHESIANS 523, For the husband is the head of
    the wife, and Christ also is the head of the
    church, being himself the saviour of the body
    (ASV).
  • ?t? a??? est?? ?efa?? t?? ???a???? ?? ?a? ?
    ???st?? ?efa?? t?? e????s?a? a?t?? s?t?? t??
    s?µat?? (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation Because a man is the head
    of the woman, as also Christ is the head of the
    church, being himself the saviour of the
    body.

33
CHRIST IS THE HEAD OF HIS CHURCH!
  • EPHESIANS 122-23,  And he put all things in
    subjection under his feet, and gave him to be
    head over all things to the church, 23 which is
    his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in
    all (ASV).
  •  ?a? pa?ta ?peta?e? ?p? t??? p?da? a?t?? ?a?
    a?t?? ed??e? ?efa??? ?pe? pa?ta t? e????s?a 23 
    ?t?? est?? t? s?µa a?t?? t? p????µa t?? ta pa?ta
    e? pas?? p?????µe??? (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation And all things he
    subjected under the feet of him, and gave him to
    be head over all things to the church, which is
    the body of him, the fullness of him filling all
    things with all things.

34
CHRIST IS THE HEAD OF HIS CHURCH!
  • COLOSSIANS 118, And he is the head of the body,
    the church who is the beginning, the firstborn
    from the dead that in all things he might have
    the preeminence (ASV).
  • ?a? a?t?? est?? ? ?efa?? t?? s?µat?? t??
    e????s?a? ?? est?? ? a??? p??t?t???? e? t??
    ?e???? ??a ?e??ta? e? pas?? a?t?? p??te???
    (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation) And he is the head of the
    body, of the church who is the beginning, the
    firstborn from out of the dead, in order that in
    all things he may be holding the first place.
  • The ?efa??, kephale, head, metaphorically
    speaking, is one who does the executive duty of
    administering the system, the organization,
    providing authority or direction (cf. Vines,
    202, see Head). Paul says Christ is THE head
    definite article appears both in Greek and in
    English.

35
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 4. THEY SAY THE ORIGINAL CHURCH TOTALLY
    APOSTATIZED.
  • Their PASUGO says
  • The church of Christ shall not be spared. Others
    shall be killed and many disciples shall be drawn
    away to follow false teachings. The fulfillment
    of this prophetic warning by Christ and Paul
    resulted in the complete disappearance of the
    church of Christ, that is, there remained no
    faithful members (PASUGO, May-June 1981, p. 4
    Nov.-Dec., 1980, p. 5).

36
THE GATES OF HADES SHALL NOT PREVAIL AGAINST THE
CHURCH
  • MATTHEW 1618, And I also say unto thee, that
    thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build
    my church and the gates of Hades shall not
    prevail against it (ASV).
  • ?a?? de s?? ?e?? ?t? s? e? pet??? ?a? ep? ta?t?
    t? pet?a ????d?µ?s? µ?? t?? e????s?a? ?a? p??a?
    ad?? ?? ?at?s??s??s?? a?t?? (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation And also to you I say, that
    you are Peter, and on this rock I will build the
    church of me, and the gates of Hades will not
    prevail against it.

37
THE GATES OF HADES SHALL NOT PREVAIL AGAINST THE
CHURCH
  • Hades was the name of the abode of the dead. Its
    gate symbolized its power because the military
    forces of an ancient city always sallied forth
    from its gates (J. W. McGarvey, Four-Fold
    Gospel).
  • Death shall neither destroy the organic church
    which is in the world, nor the members thereof
    which go down into the grave (I Thess. 415 I
    Cor. 155456) (Ibid.).
  • Will not prevail against it, ?? ?at?s??s??s??
    a?t??, ou katischusousin autes. The verb
    ?at?s??s??s?? is future indicative active of
    katischuo, to overpower, to have strength
    against, to gain mastery over (Rogers Rogers,
    37). Death has no power over the church, so says
    the owner and builder of it.

38
IT IS A KINGDOM THAT IS ETERNAL, SHALL STAND
FOREVER
  • DANIEL 244, And in the days of those kings
    shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which
    shall never be destroyed, nor shall the
    sovereignty thereof be left to another people
    but it shall break in pieces and consume all
    these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.
  • Shall never be destroyed, meaning it shall be
    indestructible.
  • Of the increase of Christ's government and peace
    there shall be no end. The Lord shall reign, not
    only to the end of time, but when time and days
    shall be no more. As far as events have gone, the
    fulfilling this prophetic vision has been most
    exact and undeniable (Matthew Henry Concise
    Commentary).

39
CHRISTIANS TRANSLATED INTO THAT KINGDOM
  • COLOSSIANS 113, Who delivered us out of the
    power of darkness, and translated us into the
    kingdom of the Son of his love (ASV).
  • Delivered, e???sat?, errusato, is aorist
    indicative middle, meaning to rescue, to
    deliver (Rogers Rogers, 460). Deliverance is
    a theological term for salvation. The indicative
    middle speaks of Fathers direct involvement in
    mans salvation He himself delivered us.
  • Transferred, µetest?se?, metestesen, is aorist
    indicative active, meaning to remove from one
    place to another, to transfer (Rogers Rogers,
    ibid.). This verb implies that the kingdom was
    existing back then.

40
IT IS A KINGDOM THAT IS UNMOVABLE, UNSHAKEABLE
  • HEBREWS 1228, Wherefore, receiving a kingdom
    that cannot be shaken, let us have grace (ASV).
  • The kingdom is characterized to be unshakeable,
    asa?e?t??, asaleuton, not able to be shaken,
    unshakeable (Rogers Rogers, 549) cannot be
    moved, permanent, unchanging, never to pass away
    (Barnes Notes on the NT).
  • Receiving, pa?a?aµßa???te?, paralambanontes,
    is present active participle the infinitive of
    which means to receive (Rogers Rogers, 549).
    The present tense speaks of an on-going action of
    receiving the kingdom.

41
SOME, NOT ALL, WOULD FALL AWAY FROM THE FAITH!
  • 1 TIMOTHY 41, But the Spirit saith expressly,
    that in later times some shall fall away from the
    faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and
    doctrines of demons (ASV).
  • t? de p?e?µa ??t?? ?e?e? ?t? e? ?ste???? ?a?????
    ap?st?s??ta? t??e? t?? p?ste?? p??se???te?
    p?e?µas?? p?a???? ?a? d?das?a??a?? da?µ?????
    (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation Now the Spirit in words
    says that in the later times some will depart
    from the faith, attending to misleading spirits
    and teachings of demons.
  • Some, t??e?, TINES, means anyone, anything,
    someone, something, many a one, many a thing
    (BAGD, 819). t??e? also means several but it
    does not mean all (Ibid., 820).

42
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 5. FELIX MANALO IS THE SAVIOUR IN THESE LAST
    DAYS.
  • Their PASUGO says Tanggapin natin siya Felix
    Manalo sa ikababanal at ikaliligtas ng ating
    kaluluwa (PASUGO, Enero, 1954, p. 28).
  • In English Let us accept him Felix Manalo for
    the sanctification and the salvation of our
    souls (PASUGO, Enero, 1954, p. 28).
  • We are duty-bound to have faith in him whom God
    sent. The sending of Gods messenger is an act of
    God, His work, and must therefore be believed
    (PASUGO, May, 1976, p. 3).

43
NOT FELIX MANALO, BUT CHRIST, IS SAVIOUR!
  • BY ONE ABSOLUTE DECLARATION, GOD SAID HE IS THE
    ONLY SAVIOUR.
  • ISAIAH 4311, I, even I, am Jehovah and besides
    me there is no saviour (ASV).
  • When God says there is no other saviour, this
    means there is no more room for anyone, not even
    for Felix!
  • BY PROPHECY, GOD APPOINTED JESUS TO BE MANS
    SAVIOUR.
  • MATTHEW 121, And she shall bring forth a son
    and thou shalt call his name JESUS for it is he
    that shall save his people from their sins
    (ASV).
  • ACTS 320, And that he may send the Christ who
    hath been appointed for you, even Jesus (ASV).
  • God had not appointed Felix Manalo to save man
    Manalo just appointed himself!

44
CHRIST BECAME A MAN TO BE MANS SAVIOUR!
  • BY ONE GREAT MIRACLE, GOD SENT HIS SON TO BE BORN
    AS A MAN, IN PREPARATION FOR HIS MINISTRY OF
    SAVING MAN.
  • ISAIAH 96, For unto us a child is born, unto us
    a son is given and the government shall be upon
    his shoulder and his name shall be called
    Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting
    Father, Prince of Peace (ASV).
  • ISAIAH 714, Behold, a virgin shall conceive,
    and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel
    (ASV).
  • MATTHEW 123, Behold, the virgin shall be with
    child, and shall bring forth a son, And they
    shall call his name Immanuel which is, being
    interpreted, God with us (ASV). 
  • HEBREWS 105-6, Wherefore when he cometh into
    the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou
    wouldest not, But a body didst thou prepare for
    me 6 In whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for
    sin thou hadst no pleasure (ASV).

45
CHRIST WAS CRUCIFIED TO BE MANS SAVIOUR!
  • BY HIS CRUCIFIXION, JESUS BECAME MANS SAVIOUR.
  • 1 PETER 224, Who himself bore our sins in his
    body on the tree, in order that, being dead to
    sins, we may live to righteousness by whose
    stripes ye have been healed (Darbys
    Translation).
  • EPHESIANS 17, In whom we have our redemption
    through his blood, the forgiveness of our
    trespasses, according to the riches of his grace
    (ASV).
  • PHILIPPIANS 25-8, Who, existing in the form of
    God, counted not the being on an equality with
    God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself,
    taking the form of a servant, being made in the
    likeness of men 8 and being found in fashion as
    a man, he humbled himself, becoming obedient even
    unto death, yea, the death of the cross (ASV).
  • For Manalo to be mans saviour, he needed to be
    crucified and to shed his blood, too! Yes, we
    know Felix diedof ulcer, cancer, whateverbut he
    never died for mans sins!

46
NO SALVATION IN ANY OTHER NAME!
  • ACTS 412, And in none other is there salvation
    for neither is there any other name under heaven,
    that is given among men, wherein we must be
    saved (ASV).
  • ?a? ??? est?? e? a??? ??de?? ? s?t???a ??de ?a?
    ???µa est?? ete??? ?p? t?? ???a??? t? ded?µe???
    e? a????p??? e? ? de? s????a? ?µa?
    (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation And there is not in other
    not any salvation for neither name is there
    under the heaven having been given among men by
    which it behooves us to be saved.
  • t? ded?µe???, to dedomenon, having been given,
    a perfect passive participle, showing an action
    done in the past with continuous abiding results
    in the present.
  • e? ? de? s????a? ?µa?, en ho dei sothenai hemas,
    by which it behooves us to be saved. The sense
    of the text is that Jesus is the only source and
    ground of salvation available for mankind!
    (Rogers Rogers, 236).

47
JESUS DIED ONCE TO SAVE, AND LIVES FOREVERMORE TO
INTERCEDE!
  • HEBREWS 725, Wherefore also he is able to save
    to the uttermost them that draw near unto God
    through him, seeing he ever liveth to make
    intercession for them (ASV).
  • Jesus is able, d??ata?, dunatai, he is able.
    Manalo isnt.
  • Jesus is able to save, s??e??, sodzein., to
    save, to deliver. His death, which the devil
    thought was his apparent weakness, was His power
    to deliver His people from sin.
  • Jesus is able to save the uttermost, pa?te?e?,
    panteles, to the entire, unto completeness.
    The word can have the sense of for all time, or
    fully and completely (Rogers Rogers, 531).
    Jesus offers full salvation.

48
JESUS DIED ONCE TO SAVE, AND LIVES FOREVERMORE TO
INTERCEDE!
  • He is able to save those who draw near. The
    participle here is t??? p??se???µe????, tous
    proserchomenous, the ones approaching, present
    middle deponent whose infinitive means to draw
    near, to come (Rogers Rogers, 542). Present
    speaks of continual activity.
  • He saves those who draw near to God through Him.
    d? a?t?? t? ?e?, di autou to theo, to God
    through Him. Dia genitive speaks of agency.
    Coming to God by other mediators wont save.
  • He lives to intercede for those whom He has
    saved. He died once, now he is alive forevermore,
    mediating for us in heaven, interceding for us in
    our prayers!

49
JESUS BLOOD KEEPS SAVING MAN FROM ALL SIN!
  • 1 JOHN 17, But if we walk in the light as he is
    in the light, we have fellowship with one
    another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son
    cleanses us from all sin (Darby).
  • ea? de e? t? f?t? pe??pat?µe? ?? a?t?? est?? e?
    t? f?t? ???????a? e??µe? µet a?????? ?a? t? a?µa
    ??s?? t?? ???? a?t?? ?a?a???e? ?µa? ap? pas??
    aµa?t?a? (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation But if in the light we walk
    as he is in the light, fellowship we have with
    each other and the blood of Jesus the Son of Him
    cleanses us from all sin
  • Cleanses, ?a?a???e?, katharidzei, present
    indicative active. God does more than forgive
    He erases the stain of sin. Present suggests it
    is a continuous process (Rogers Rogers, 592).

50
JESUS IS SAVIOUR OF THE ELECT!
  • 2 TIM. 210, For this cause I endure all things
    for the sake of the elect, that they also may
    obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus
    with eternal glory (Darby).
  • d?a t??t? pa?ta ?p?µe?? d?a t??? e??e?t??? ??a
    ?a? a?t?? s?t???a? t???s?? t?? e? ???st? ??s??
    µeta d???? a?????? (Wescott-Hort).
  • Literal translation Therefore all things I
    endure on account of the chosen ones, in order
    that also they salvation may obtain in Christ
    Jesus with glory eternal.
  • e? ???st?, in Christo, in Christ, is dative of
    place and has the locative sense, which means
    that the source of salvation is in no one else
    but Christ!

51
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 6. FELIX MANALO THE LAST MESSENGER?
  • Their PASUGO does say so
  • Under the leadership of Gods Last Messenger,
    the late Brother Felix Manalo (PASUGO,
    July-Aug., 1979, p. 1).
  • We are duty-bound to have faith in him whom God
    sent. The sending of Gods messenger is an act of
    God, His work, and must therefore be believed
    (PASUGO, May 1976, p. 3 Nov.-Dec., 1982, p. 25).

52
JESUS IS GODS LAST MESSENGER!
  • HEBREWS 11-3. By divers portions and in divers
    manners, God, having of old time spoken unto the
    fathers in the prophets, 2 hath at the end of
    these days spoken unto us in his Son, whom he
    appointed heir of all things, through whom also
    he made the worlds 3 who being the effulgence of
    his glory, and the very image of his substance,
    and upholding all things by the word of his
    power, when he had made purification of sins, sat
    down on the right hand of the Majesty on high
    (ASV).
  • HEBREWS 11-3, p???µe??? ?a? p???t??p?? pa?a? ?
    ?e?? ?a??sa? t??? pat?as?? e? t??? p??f?ta?? ep
    es?at?? t?? ?µe??? t??t?? e?a??se? ?µ?? e? ???
    2 ?? e???e? ???????µ?? pa?t?? d? ?? ?a? ep???se?
    t??? a???a? 3 ?? ?? apa??asµa t?? d???? ?a?
    ?a?a?t?? t?? ?p?stase?? a?t?? fe??? te ta pa?ta
    t? ??µat? t?? d??aµe?? a?t?? ?a?a??sµ?? t??
    aµa?t??? p???saµe??? e?a??se? e? de??a t??
    µe?a??s???? e? ??????? (Wescott-Hort)

53
GODS MESSENGERS WHO WERE THEY?
  • VERSE 1 God spoke to the fathers by the OT
    prophets.
  • God spoke, ?a??sa?, lalesas, aorist active
    participle, showing this to be a finished,
    unrepeated action in the past (Rogers Rogers,
    516).
  • God spoke to the fathers, t??? pat?as??, tois
    patrasin, meaning the fathers of the Jews.
  • God spoke in old times, pa?a?, palai,
    formerly (remember paleontology, the science
    of ancient life?).
  • God spoke by the prophets, t??? p??f?ta??, tois
    prophetais, inspired men who were His spokesmen.
  • God spoke to them in divers portions
    (p???µe???, polumeros, many portions), and in
    divers ways (p???t??p??, polutropos, many ways).
    Poly means many, as in polygon, a figure with
    many sides.
  • The contents of Gods message to the fathers
    became the Hebrew Bible, what we now call the Old
    Testament books.

54
JESUS IS GODS LAST MESSENGER!
  • VERSE 2 God spoke to us now by His Son.
  • God spoke to us, e?a??se? ?µ??, elalesen hemin,
    aorist indicative active. The aorist indicates a
    past act, the active voice shows God did the
    speaking, and the indicative shows that past act
    was a fact. It is a fact that God, having spoken
    to the fathers, also spoke to us! Furthermore,
    the aorist in both cases showed that God has
    finished speaking! There is no room here for new
    revelations, and the better this truth is stamped
    into the brains of the ignorant, the better it
    would be for their souls!
  • God spoke to us in these last days, ep es?at??
    t?? ?µe??? t??t??, ep eschatou ton hemeron
    touton, in the last of these days, a rabbinic
    phrase indicating the time of the Messiah (Rogers
    Rogers, 516).
  • God had spoken through the prophets before he
    spoke to us now in His Son, e? ???, en huio,
    in one who is a Son (Rogers Rogers, 516).

55
WHY JESUS HIS SON?
  • e? ???, in one who is a Son. The absence of
    article fixes attention upon the nature and not
    upon the personality of the mediator of a new
    revelation. God spoke to us in one who has this
    characterthat He is Son (Rogers Rogers, 516).
  • This Son is the one whom God appointed heir of
    all things, ?? e???e? ???????µ?? pa?t??, on
    etheken kleronomon panton. The word ???????µ??,
    kleronomon, heir, had been used for dividing
    property that a father left to his children when
    he died. Only one son meant only one heir.
    Christians will inherit heaven and eternal life
    but Christ is the heir of all things! The reason
    he becomes the heir of all things is because God
    has only one heir, His only begotten Son (Rogers
    Rogers, 516).

56
WHY JESUS HIS SON?
  • This Son is one through whom indeed God made
    the ages, ep???se? t??? a???a?, epoiesen tous
    aionas. According to rabbinical usage, ages,
    a???a?, refers to periods of time as well as
    content of the world (Rogers Rogers, 516).
  • The Son is one who is the radiance of his
    glory, ?? ?? apa??asµa t?? d????, hos on
    apaugasma tes doxes. The word apa??asµa,
    apaugasma, radiance, effulgence, has the active
    meaning of emitting brightness (Rogers and
    Rogers, 516). Jesus radiates the glory of the
    great God.
  • The Son is one who is the ?a?a?t?? t??
    ?p?stase?? a?t??, charakter tes hupostaseos
    autou, the image or the representation of his
    reality (cf. John 148-11). The noun
    ?p?stase??, hupostaseos, means essence,
    substance, nature, reality (Rogers Rogers,
    516). Christ is the exact representation of Gods
    substance!

57
WHY JESUS HIS SON?
  • The Son is the one who bears all things by the
    word of his power, fe??? te ta pa?ta t? ??µat?
    t?? d??aµe?? a?t??, pheron te ta panta to rhemati
    tes dunameos autou by the word of his power, he
    carries all things forward on their appointed
    course (Rogers Rogers, 516).
  • The Son is the one who had just cleansed his
    people of their sins, ?a?a??sµ?? t?? aµa?t???
    p???saµe???, katharismon ton hamartion
    poiesamenos, having made the cleansing of sins.
    p???saµe???, having made, aorist middle
    participle, shows that Christ himself (both the
    Godhead and the humanity in Him) did the
    cleansing (Rogers Rogers, 516)! He did that on
    Calvary. The aorist shows that to be a finished
    act.

58
WHY JESUS HIS SON?
  • The Son now sat down on the right hand of the
    majesty in the high places, in the heavens,
    e?a??se? e? de??a t?? µe?a??s???? e? ???????,
    ekathisen en dexia tes megalosunes en hupsilois.
  • e?a??se? is aorist indicative active the
    infinitive of which means to sit down, to take
    ones seat, indicating that his work is
    finished.
  • e? de??a, with the preposition e? indicating a
    locative sense, in the right hand. Right hand
    signifies a favored place.
  • We know for a fact that he is now sitting in the
    right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the
    heavens (Hebrews 81). Having finished purifying
    them, he now sits in the heavens, reigning over
    all.

59
FELIX MANALO IS NOT GODS LAST MESSENGER!
  • MANALOS CLAIM IS A LIE!
  • The INC-1914 admits that the doctrine of Felix
    Manalos being the Sugo or messenger is not
    found in the Holy Scriptures but is taught only
    in their PASUGO magazine!
  • Bakit sa Pasugo mababasa at hindi sa Biblia?
    Sapagkat ang pagpapakilala ng Sugo sa huling araw
    na ito ay hindi maaaring maisulat sa Biblia,
    sapagkat ang Biblia ay naisulat na (Isang
    Pagbubunyag sa Iglesia ni Cristo, p. 184).
    Underscoring ours.
  • In English Why is it found only in the Pasugo
    and not in the Bible? Because the introduction of
    the messenger in these last days can no longer be
    written in the Bible, because the Bible is
    already written (Isang Pagbubunyag sa Iglesia
    ni Cristo, p. 184).

60
FELIX MANALO IS NOT GODS LAST MESSENGER!
  • God spoke to us through Jesus in these last days.
    The aorist indicates that after he was done
    speaking, God never spoke again. Anyone who
    claims God spoke to him also is ignorant of the
    mechanics of Gods revelation!
  • God appointed Jesus to be His last messenger
    Manalo just appointed himself!
  • Jesus is everything that Felix Manalo is not
    Jesus is the heir of all things through Him God
    made the ages and the worlds He radiates Gods
    glory He shows us the real God He supports all
    things by His powerful word He died for us on
    Calvary and now hes reigning over us all!
  • Manalos claims are not only an impossibility and
    a lie, it is also a blasphemy!

61
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 7. FELIX MANALO IS THE RAVENOUS BIRD AND THE FAR
    COUNTRY IS THE PHILIPPINES (cf. ISAIAS 4611)?
  • Their PASUGO says As a ravenous bird symbolic
    of a man who will execute his counsel in a far
    country (Isaiah 4611). The far country is of
    course the Philippines. The fulfillment of the
    prophecy IS OUR LATE Brother Felix Y. Manalo, the
    last Messenger of God (PASUGO, June 1977, p.
    13).
  • ISAIAH 4610b-11 says, My counsel shall stand,
    and I will do all my pleasure 11 calling a
    ravenous bird from the east, the man of my
    counsel from a far country yea, I have spoken, I
    will also bring it to pass I have purposed, I
    will also do it (ASV).

62
WHO WAS THIS RAVENOUS BIRD FROM THE EAST?
  • CYRUS THE GREAT, EMPEROR OF PERSIA, WAS THE ONE
    REFERRED TO HERE!
  • The term ravenous bird refers to Cyrus the
    Great, emperor of Persia, so called on account
    of the rapidity of his marches from the distant
    regions of Persia to pounce on his prey (see on
    Isa. 412 Isa. 4125 Jer. 4922 Eze. 173).
    The standard of Cyrus, too, was a golden eagle on
    a spear (see the heathen historian, XENOPHON, 7,
    where almost the same word is used, aetos, as
    here, ayit) (Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible
    Commentary).
  • International Standard Bible Encyclopedia says
    that standard is the griffin (Vol. 1, p. 477).

63
The Standard of Persia in the time of Cyrus the
Emperor (559-530 BC)
64
CYRUS THE RAVENOUS BIRD FROM
THE EAST (ISAIAH 4611)
  • (1) Cyrus was called so on account of the
    rapidity of his marches from the distant regions
    of Persia to pounce on his prey (see on Isa.
    412 4125 Jer. 4922 Ezek. 173)
    (Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary). In
    foretelling Gods judgments upon Babylon, Isaiah
    4611 refers to Cyrus as a ravenous bird from the
    far east, the man of my counsel from a far
    country (International Standard Bible
    Encyclopedia, vol. 1, p. 477). Bird is an
    allusion to the fact that griffin was the emblem
    of Persia, and embroidered on its standard
    (Ibid.). A griffin is a mythical monster with
    the head and wings of an eagle and the body and
    tail of a lion (Dictionary, MEPS 2003).
  • (2) He came from the east, from Persia, and
    Persia was a great nation in the east. Cyrus had
    been mentioned several times in the Bible Isaiah
    451 4428 Ezra 11-4 513 63-5 2
    Chronicles 3623.

65
Persian Empire, the domain of Cyrushttp//en.wiki
pedia.org/wiki/Persian_Empire
66
Persian Empire in the time of Cyrus, its Emperor
67
NEITHER MANALO NOR THE PHILIPPINES IS THE SUBJECT
OF ISAIAH PROPHECY!
  • Neither Felix Manalo nor the INC-1914 is alluded
    to or mentioned by name in Isaiah 4611.
  • A ravenous bird from the east is also the same
    as the man of my counsel from a far country,
    descriptive phrases that both referred to Cyrus.
    The east and the far country referred to is
    Persia, not the Philippines.
  • Far country had once been applied to Babylon.
    See ISAIAH 393. Persia, Cyrus domain, is even
    much farther than Babylon (now Iraq).
  • The setting of this prophecy was Jerusalem, where
    Isaiah prophesied. From the point of reference
    which is Israel, Persia (or Iran) is a far
    country. Compare the maps below.

68
(No Transcript)
69
(No Transcript)
70
PROPHET ISAIAH IDENTIFIES WHO THE RAVENOUS BIRD
FROM THE EAST IS
  • The anointed of God here is named, but hes not
    Felix Manalo. Thus saith Jehovah to his
    anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have
    holden, to subdue nations before him (Isaiah
    451, ASV).
  • The anointed of God here is called by name though
    he has not known God. For Jacob my servant's
    sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called thee by
    thy name I have surnamed thee, though thou hast
    not known me (Isaiah 454, ASV). Cyrus was not a
    Jew nor a believer, therefore he had not known
    the God of the Jews! Felix claimed he did know
    God, therefore hes not the subject of the
    prophecy here!

71
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 8. FELIX MANALO THE ANGEL FROM THE EAST
    (REVELATION 72)?
  • We firmly believe that Brother Felix Manalo is
    the fulfillment of the prophecy, Rev. 72-3, as
    Gods instrument in the reemergence of the Church
    of Christ in the Philippines, the third group of
    people promised to receive the Holy Spirit
    (PASUGO, March-April, 1981, p. 21).
  • REVELATION 72-3,
  • And I saw another angel ascend from the east (or
    sunrising), having the seal of the living God
    and he cried with a great voice to the four
    angels to whom it was given to hurt the earth and
    the sea, 3 saying, Hurt not the earth, neither
    the sea, nor the trees, till we shall have sealed
    the servants of our God on their foreheads (ASV).

72
INC-1914 INTERPRETATION OF REVELATION 72-3
  • (1) The angel could also be a man.
  • (2) Revelation 612-15 spoke about the First
    World War.
  • (3) The four other angels of Revelation 71 were
    the four leaders of the United States of America,
    Great Britain, France, and Italy.
  • (4) The fifth angel rose from the east
    concurrently with the outbreak of the First World
    War on July 27, 1914.
  • (5) The east mentioned in Revelation 72-3 is
    the same one mentioned in Isaiah 4611. It is the
    Philippines.
  • (6) The fifth angel in Revelation 72-3 seals the
    foreheads of the servants of God. The seal was
    the Holy Spirit. The sealing had something to do
    with the preaching and the reemergence of the
    true church. The servants of God here are the
    Filipinos.

73
INC-1914 TEACHING ON REVELATION 72-3 REFUTED
  • REVELATION 72-3. And I saw another angel ascend
    from the east (or sunrising), having the seal of
    the living God and he cried with a great voice
    to the four angels to whom it was given to hurt
    the earth and the sea, 3 saying, Hurt not the
    earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we
    shall have sealed the servants of our God on
    their foreheads (ASV).
  • (1) If the east here is literal, then, to be
    consistent, the angel is to be interpreted
    literally too. First, what is the true nature of
    the angel?
  • They are spirits (Gr. pneumata, spirits) (Hebrews
    17).
  • They are more powerful than men (2 Peter 211).
  • They are higher than men (Hebrews 27).
  • They are not married nor are they given in
    marriage (Matt. 2230). Felix Manalo had been
    married twice (to Tomasa Sereneo and Honorata de
    Guzman).

74
INC-1914 TEACHING ON REVELATION 72-3 REFUTED
  • (2) A score of nations and states constitutes the
    far east Peoples Republic of China and
    Hongkong and Macau, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea,
    South Korea, Republic of Taiwan, Brunei,
    Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia,
    Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Laos,
    Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, and Russian Far
    East! See the Wikipedia website below.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Far_East
  • (3) Sun Myung Moon of South Korea also claims he
    was the fifth angel of Revelation 72-3 and that
    his church, the Unification Church, is the true
    church (Donald Platt, Counterfeit?, p.105). Ellen
    G. White also used this text to prove she is the
    Spirit of Prophecy. Now which of these three
    are telling the truth?
  • http//www.letusreason.org/Iglesia5.htm

75
INC-1914 TEACHING ON REVELATION 72-3 REFUTED
  • (4) Revelation 612-15 does not speak about the
    First World War. That is just a figment of INC
    imagination!
  • (5) That the four angels of Revelation 71 are
    the leaders of the Big Four countries (Clemenceau
    of France, Wilson of the USA, Lloyd George of
    Great Britain, and Orlando of Italy) is an added
    figment to their collection of figments! The
    facts?
  • Georges Clemenceau was not prime minister of
    France during the First World War!
  • Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2005, art.
    Georges Clemenceau.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Clemenceau
  • Woodrow Wilson and the US had never been involved
    in the First World War!
  • Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2005, art.
    Woodrow Wilson.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodrow_Wilson

76
INC-1914 TEACHING ON REVELATION 72-3 REFUTED
  • David Lloyd George became prime minister of Great
    Britain two years after the First World War!
  • Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2003, art. David
    Lloyd George.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Lloyd_George
  • Vittorio Emmanuel Orlando favored the entry of
    Italy during the First World War on the side of
    the Allies but that was only on May 23, 1915 to
    satisfy its claims against Austria.
  • And we doubt if these four ever heard of Felix
    Manalo of the Philippines!
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Clemenceau
  • Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2005, art.
    Orlando, Vittorio Emmanuel.
  • (6) The cause of the First World War was the
    assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of
    Austria by a Bosnian Serb militant in Sarajevo on
    June 28, 1914.

77
INC-1914 TEACHING ON REVELATION 72-3 REFUTED
  • Austria declared War on Serbia on July 28, 1914.
    No war outbreak yet.
  • Russia, in support of the Serbs, ordered partial
    mobilization on July 29, 1914. No war had broken
    out yet.
  • Germany mobilized their troops on July 30, 1914.
    France ordered mobilization on Aug. 1, 1914, and
    declared war on Germany on the same day.
  • Great Britain declared war on Germany on August
    4, 1914.
  • First clashes of the war occurred on August 7,
    1914, in Africa, involving German, French and
    British colonial troops. There was no need for
    Manalo to tell the World Powers to stop the war
    so he could seal the foreheads of the Filipinos.
    Philippines was very far from the war front!
  • Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2005, art. World
    War I.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_World_War

78
INC-1914 TEACHING ON REVELATION 72-3 REFUTED
  • (7) The doctrine that Felix Manalo is the fifth
    angel who rises from the east is taught only in
    the PASUGO
  • Why is it found only in the Pasugo and not in
    the Bible? Because the introduction of the
    messenger in these last days can no longer be
    written in the Bible, because the Bible is
    already written (Isang Pagbubunyag Sa Iglesia
    ni Cristo, p. 184).
  • (8) Revelation 72-3 does not say what the fifth
    angel sealed. Ephesians 113 says the Christians
    were sealed with the Spirit, dative
    instrumental, which means that the Spirit was
    the agency of the sealing. The INC-1914 claims
    Felix Manalo was the instrument of the sealing.
  • (9) Those sealed were not Filipinos but
    Israelites, e? pas?? f???? ???? ?s?a??, ek pases
    phules huion Israel, out of every tribe of the
    sons of Israel (74).

79
INC-1914 TEACHING ON REVELATION 72-3 REFUTED
  • (10) Where did Manalo get his authority? For two
    days and three nights he closeted himself in Mr.
    Sungas room, eating nothing, drinking nothing.
    After that closet experience hes telling us now
    he had met God and that he had been appointed as
    the messenger in these last days?
  • (11) If the INC-1914 asks you, If Felix Manalo
    is not the fifth angel of Revelation 72-3, then
    who is it? My answer I am not duty-bound to
    tell anyone who is it. But you are saying its
    Felix Manalo, so prove it!

80
TEACHINGS OF THE IGLESIA NI CRISTO-1914
  • 9. FELIX MANALO IS JACOB AND THE INC-1914 IS
    ISRAEL (ISAIAH 431-6 4114 418-10)?
  • The last messenger of God the leader of the
    last generation called by God is called Jacob,
    and the Church of Christ in these last days is
    called Israel, to show the relation to Jacob and
    Israel, the seed of Abraham in the flesh. The
    last messenger and the Church of Christ are the
    Jacob and Israelthe seed of Abrahamfrom the
    ends of the earth (PASUGO, Nov.-Dec., 1980, p.
    10).
  • Ang Jacob na sinasabi sa Isaias 418-10 ay hindi
    tumutukoy kay Jacob na anak ni Isaac. Ang Jacob
    na itoy ang lumitaw sa Pilipinas sa panahon ng
    digmaang pangsanglibutan noong 1914, samakatuwid
    bagay si kapatid na Felix Manalo (PASUGO,
    Agosto, 1971, p. 23, 27).
  • My translation The Jacob that is mentioned in
    Isaiah 418-10 is not referring to Jacob the son
    of Isaac. This Jacob is the one who emerged in
    the Philippines in the time of the First World
    War in 1914, who is brother Felix Manalo.

81
JACOB AND ISRAEL DO NOT REFER TO MANALO AND
THE INC-1914!
  • THE REAL JACOB AND THE REAL ISRAEL
  • (1) Jacob is the son of Isaac and Esaus twin
    brother (Genesis 2525-26).
  • (2) The name Jacob later was changed to Israel
    (Genesis 3228).
  • (3) The descendants of Jacob in the flesh were
    called Israel. And what one nation in the
    earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom
    God went to redeem unto himself for a people, and
    to make him a name, and to do great things for
    you, and terrible things for thy land, before thy
    people, whom thou redeemest to thee out of Egypt,
    from the nations and their gods? And thou didst
    establish to thyself thy people Israel to be a
    people unto thee for ever and thou, Jehovah,
    becamest their God (2 Samuel 723-24 ASV).

82
JACOB AND ISRAEL DO NOT REFER TO MANALO AND
THE INC-1914!
  • Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, who are called
    by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of
    the waters of Judah who swear by the name of
    Jehovah, and make mention of the God of Israel,
    but not in truth, nor in righteousness (Isaiah
    481, ASV)
  • Unto this day they do after the former manner
    they fear not Jehovah, neither do they after
    their statutes, or after their ordinances, or
    after the law or after the commandment which
    Jehovah commanded the children of Jacob, whom he
    named Israel (2 Kings 1734, ASV).
  • Praise ye Jehovah. Praise ye the name of
    Jehovah Praise him, O ye servants of Jehovah,
    2 Ye that stand in the house of Jehovah, In the
    courts of the house of our God. 3 Praise ye
    Jehovah For Jehovah is good Sing praises unto
    his name For it is pleasant. 4 For Jehovah hath
    chosen Jacob unto himself, And Israel for his own
    possession (Psalms 1351-4, ASV).

83
ISAIAH 43
  • (1) The INC-1914 uses only verses 1 to 6 of this
    chapter as their proof text, to the neglect of
    the context of the whole chapter and the intent
    and purpose of the prophecy. In our quest to
    understand what God meant, we need too to
    consider prophetic language, the figures the
    prophet uses, his syntax, even his grammar.
  • (2) Traditional dates for Isaiahs ministry are
    ca. 750-680 BC. (Unger, Merrill F., Ungers Bible
    Handbook, p. 306). The book expresses Gods
    concern for His people. Figures or personae
    relevant to this thesis are mentioned only
    because they are Gods agents for disciplining
    His people and for restoring them back to Him. I
    insist They are mentioned. Therefore there is no
    room for making any mistake in identification.
    The problem with the INC-1914 interpretation is
    that it inserts figures that are not mentioned or
    irrelevant to the texts (Felix Manalo,
    Philippines, their Iglesia, etc.)! Such is the
    way of the ignorant who twist the Scriptures!

84
ISAIAH 43
  • (3) Isaiah is one prophet who fondly uses
    parallelism. In grammar, that simply means the
    use of equivalent or identical syntactical
    constructions in corresponding clauses or
    phrases.
  • For example, verse 1
  • (a) Jehovah who created thee, O Jacob
  • (b) He that formed thee, O Israel.
  • We know that he in the second syntactica
About PowerShow.com