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The Colonies and Britain Grow Apart

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The Colonies and Britain Grow Apart King George: Br. Monarch that reigned during Am. Rev. Proclamation of 1763: Forbade colonists from settling W of App. Mtns ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Colonies and Britain Grow Apart


1
(No Transcript)
2
The Colonies and Britain Grow Apart
  • King George Br. Monarch that reigned during Am.
    Rev.
  • Proclamation of 1763 Forbade colonists from
    settling W of App. Mtns.
  • Speculate To buy as an investment
  • Quartering Act Act requiring Col. to house Br.
    Soldiers.
  • Sugar Act Law placing tax on sugar, molasses
    and other products.
  • Stamp Act law requiring legal commercial doc.
    to carry a stamp to show that it had been paid
    for.

3
Colonists Defy Parliament
  • Defy Openly resist
  • Patrick Henry Member of Virginias H.O.B.
  • Sons of Liberty secret society formed to oppose
    Br. policies.
  • Boycott Refusal to buy
  • Assembly legislative body (Col. Assembly)

4
How did the colonists react when parliament took
over the assemblies power to tax?
  • 1) Stamp Act Congress drafted a petition and
    sent to King George
  • 2) Boycott
  • 3) Sons of Liberty

5
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6
  • The Americans have not acted in all things with
    prudence and temper. They have been driven to
    madness by injustice. Will you punish them for
    the madness you have caused?....My opinion.is
    that the Stamp Act be repealed absolutely,
    totally, and immediately.

7
Why was boycotting an effective way to protest?
  • Non-violent
  • Financial consequences

8
Why did Parliament pass new laws governing the
colonies?
  • Br. Needed to pay off debt from FI War and also
    to pay to have officers regulate laws in the Col.

9
  • If you were a colonist what would you have done
    to protest the Stamp Act?

10
  • If you were a Br. Official in the colonies, how
    might you have responded to the protests?

11
Section 2
  • Who was Crispus Attucks?
  • Af. American, victim of the Boston Massacre

12
Identify
  • Declaratory Act Act passed by Br. That affirmed
    their superior authority over the Colonies.
    (Parent/Child)
  • Duties Taxes placed on imported goods.
  • Townshend Acts Acts passed in 1767 to tax
    imports in the colonies.
  • Writs of Assistance Search warrants used to
    enter homes or businesses to search for smuggled
    goods.
  • John Dickinson PA lawyer, opposed Br. Policies
    of passing laws without consent of colonies
    (H.O.B.). Explained his beliefs in famous
    pamphlet.
  • John Locke English philosopher, wrote that no
    one ought to harm another in his life, health,
    liberty or possessions.

13
  • Daughters of Liberty Org. of women to protest
    Br. policies.
  • Samuel Adams leader of the Boston S.O.L.
  • The Boston Massacre incident in 1770 in which
    Br. troops fired on and killed Am. Colonists.
  • John Adams lawyer who defended Br. Soldiers
    accused of murder in Boston Massacre.
  • Tyranny A gov. in which a single ruler has all
    power.
  • Thomas Gage Br. General who ordered troops in
    to Boston.

14
  • Tea Act Act passed by Br. Parliament that placed
    tax on tea.
  • East India Company Br. company sold tea directly
    to colonies.
  • Committees of Correspondence Organization formed
    to exchange info. about Br. Policies and Am.
    resistance
  • Boston Tea Party 1773, colonists protested the
    Tea Act by boarding Br. ships and throwing 90,000
    lbs of tea into the Boston Harbor.

15
Boston Massacre 3/5/1770
16
The Boston Massacre
  • was a street fight that occurred on March 5,
    1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing
    snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of
    British soldiers.
  • Several colonists were killed and this led to a
    campaign by speech-writers to rouse the ire of
    the colonists.

17
How did this happen??
  • The presence of British troops in the city of
    Boston was increasingly unwelcome.
  • The riot began when about 50 citizens attacked a
    British sentinel.
  • A British officer, Captain Thomas Preston, called
    in additional soldiers, and these too were
    attacked, so the soldiers fired into the mob,
    killing 3 on the spot (a black sailor named
    Crispus Attucks, ropemaker Samuel Gray, and a
    mariner named James Caldwell), and wounding 8
    others, two of whom died later (Samuel Maverick
    and Patrick Carr).

18
What was the result?
  • A town meeting was called demanding the removal
    of the British soldiers and the trial of Captain
    Preston and his men for murder.
  • At the trial, John Adams defended the British,
    leading to their acquittal and release. Later,
    two of the British soldiers were found guilty of
    manslaughter.
  • 6 out of the 8 soldiers were acquitted of all
    charges.

19
Section 3 The Road to Lexington Concord
  • What was the result of Lexington and Concord?
  • First military engagement of the Rev. War
  • Shot heard round the world
  • As Br. Troops march to Concord (Col. Stored their
    ammunition there) they passed through Lexington
    where they encountered American troops. (Paul
    Revere warned that Br. were coming)
  • Both sides engaged in fire, Americans lose
    (greatly outnumbered)
  • By the time the Br. got to Concord, the Americans
    were waiting for them in force. The weapons depot
    was saved, and the British were forced to
    retreat,

20
The Intolerable Acts
  • After Boston Tea Party
  • Closed Boston Harbor until damages were paid
  • Increased Br. power over Massachusetts
  • Thomas Gage (Br.soldier) Governor of
    Massachusetts
  • Increased number of Br. troops in Mass.

21
  • Paul Revere Boston silversmith (Boston
    Massacre), one of the messengers that warned of
    the Br. Arriving in Concord.
  • Loyalists Americans who supported the British
  • Patriots Americans who sided with the rebels.

22
The Siege of Boston
  • Siege When enemy forces surround a town or city
    in order to force it to surrender.
  • Second Continental Congress Americas govt
    during Rev. War. Met in Philadelphia, created
    the Continental Army.
  • Ethan Allen leader of patriot group of fighters
    known as the Green Mountain Boys.
  • Continental Army Americas patriot army during
    the Revolution.
  • Artillery Cannon and large guns
  • Battle of Bunker Hill Battle in which Br.
    Heavily outnumbered Col. Br was victorious but
    loss a tremendous amount of soldiers. (showed
    that Col. could hold their own against Br.)

23
The Conflict Spreads
  • Olive Branch Petition document that asked King
    George to restore harmony btwn. Br and colonies.
    King rejected the petition and announced new
    measures to punish colonies.
  • Washington American General. Had experience
    during F I War. Trapped Br. troops in Boston.

24
Rebellion Becomes Revolution
  • Thomas Paine recent immigrant from England.
    Belived that all men should have the right to
    vote. Strongly opposed King George Royal
    Brute. Felt America would be more successful
    if it were independent from Br.
  • Published these ideas in a pamphlet, Common
    Sense. Became an instant success and led more
    Americans to be more in favor of independence
    from Br.
  • Richard Henry Lee delegate from VA, est. each
    of the colonies to become independent states and
    to dissolve all connection with Br.
  • D.O.I Formal document which addressed reasons
    for declaring Independence from Br.
  • Thomas Jefferson Excellent writer from VA, wrote
    DOI in two weeks.

25
Year Br. Actions Am. Actions
1763 Proclamation of 1763 prohibits settling W of 13 col. Settlers ignore proclamation
1764 Navigation Acts strictly enforced
1765 Stamp Act passed Stamp Act Congress drafts petition, boycott Br. goods
1766 Stamp Act repealed
1767 Townshend Acts passed Br. goods boycotted
1770 Townshend Acts repealed except for tea tax
1773 Cheap tea sold to colonies Boston Tea party
1774 Intolerable Acts passed First Continental Congress protests, Br. Goods boycotted
1775 Troops march to Lex Concord Minutemen resist
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