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Asian American Health Needs Assessment Phase One: the AsANA survey

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Asian American Health Needs Assessment Phase One: the AsANA survey Beverly J. Gor, EdD, RD, LD, CDE, TruongSon Hoang, BS, Angelina Esparza, RN, BSN, BA, Michelle A ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Asian American Health Needs Assessment Phase One: the AsANA survey


1
Asian American Health Needs Assessment Phase
One the AsANA survey
  • Beverly J. Gor, EdD, RD, LD, CDE, TruongSon
    Hoang, BS,
  • Angelina Esparza, RN, BSN, BA, Michelle A. Detry,
    PhD,
  • Mike Hernandez, MS, Lovell A. Jones, PhD
  • Center for Research on Minority Health
  • Department of Health Disparities Research

2
Asian population in Houston
Source U.S. Census, 2000
3
Why is the AsANA study important?
  • Inconsistent and inadequate collection of Asian
    health data
  • Asian American health concerns are poorly
    understood and often overlooked
  • Groupings for whites or others include
    Asians and other ethnic groups
  • Aggregation of Asian data masks true health
    problems within Asian subgroups
  • Without baseline data, we are unable to focus our
    research or measure changes

4
Asian American Health Needs Assessment
Objectives
  • To collect scientifically sound data on the
    health practices and health beliefs of Asian
    Americans in Houston and the surrounding area
  • To establish baseline data that can set the stage
    for future studies and research projects with
    Asian populations
  • To compare data with that of other minority
    groups and the general population
  • To provide the data to the targeted communities
    so they can apply for community development
    funding
  • To collect scientifically sound data on the
    health practices and health beliefs of Asian
    Americans in Houston and the surrounding area
  • To establish baseline data that can set the stage
    for future studies and research projects with
    Asian populations
  • To compare data with that of other minority
    groups and the general population
  • To provide the data to the targeted communities
    so they can apply for community development
    funding

5
(No Transcript)
6
Survey Development Administration
  • Texas Community Health Survey (CHS)
  • Translated to Vietnamese and Chinese
  • Reviewed by Asian Community Health Review Panel
  • Randomly selected Chinese/Vietnamese households
    from Asian surname list
  • Participants 18 years old
  • Informed consent

7
AsANA Survey Instrument
100 questions
  • From the Texas CHS
  • Demographics
  • Mental health
  • Health practices
  • Physical exams
  • Cancer screenings
  • Immunization
  • Diseases
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Behaviors
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol use
  • Nutrition
  • Physical activity
  • Added questions
  • Cancer knowledge
  • Acculturation
  • Environmental exposure
  • Alternative therapy
  • Pain
  • Oral Health
  • Colorectal cancer screening
  • Mens health
  • Hepatitis B immunization

8
AsANA Posters
9
AsANA Data
10
Data collection
  • 4097 numbers called in nine weeks
  • 1085 respondents
  • 814 completed interviews
  • 405 Chinese (25.7 refusal rate)
  • 38 male, 62 female
  • 409 Vietnamese (23.8 refusal rate)
  • 48.2 male, 51.8 female
  • Calls averaged 25-40 minutes

11
Age Distribution
12
Residency status
13
Education Level
14
English proficiency
15
Do you have any form of health insurance?
16
In your leisure time, how many days did you do
vigorous exercise or activities?
17
How many servings of fruits or vegetables did you
eat yesterday?
18
Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your
entire life?
19
Have you ever had a mammogram? (Women 40 yrs and
older)
20
Have you ever had a Pap smear? (All women)
21
Have you ever had prostate cancer screening? (Men
40 yrs and older)
22
Have you ever had colorectal cancer screening?
(Adults over 50 years old)
23
What does this mean for Asians in Houston?
  • Access to health care may be difficult
  • due to lack of insurance
  • Limited English proficiency
  • Low cancer screening rates
  • Less aware of health resources and cancer
    prevention guidelines

24
Where do we go from here?
  • Further analysis and dissemination of AsANA data
  • Providing this information to community based
    organizations
  • Needs assessment, resource mapping and community
    discussions
  • Expanding this to other Asian populations, such
    as the South Asians
  • Future studies on other health topics
  • Periodic re-surveying of the population

25
Acknowledgements
  • Funding for this project was provided by
  • The National Center on
  • Minority Health and Health
  • Disparities (NCMHD)
  • Purdue Pharma
  • Asian American Network for
  • Cancer, Awareness, Research
  • and Training
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