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Opportunities, constraints and requirements in development of pro-biodiversity business programme as contributing to a green economy Gabala, 5-6 July 2010

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Title: Opportunities, constraints and requirements in development of pro-biodiversity business programme as contributing to a green economy Gabala, 5-6 July 2010


1
Opportunities, constraints and requirements in
development of pro-biodiversity business
programme as contributing to a green
economyGabala, 5-6 July 2010
Investing in biodiversity and maximising the
benefits of the green economy
  • Zenon Tederko Polish Society for the Protection
    of Birds
  • Pro-Biodiversity Service

2
Presentation outline
  • Introduction and reaching common language
  • Opportunities for pro-biodiversity business
    development
  • Constraints and barriers
  • Recommendations and conclusions

3
Introduction and reaching common language (1)
  • Major Questions
  • Where is the biodiversity?
  • What biodiversity we are concerned with?
  • How we want to protect it?..
  • How and where sustainable development takes place?

4
Introduction and reaching common language (2)
  • Protected areas in Poland

Protection regime km2 of country
23 National Parks 3 285,24 1,05
1439 Nature Reserves 1 724,85 0,55
120 Landscape Parks 25 937,58 8,32
381 Areas of Protected Landscape 85 124,54 27,29
958 Natura 2000 areas (823 ACIs 141 SPAs) (11,0 15.6 ) 19.7
5
Introduction and reaching common language (3)
  • Majority of biodiversity is the subject to
    economic use !!!
  • Where then sustainable development comes true?
  • Is Sustainable Development an abstract category
    ????
  • If development, then it means economic
    processes !!!
  • SD takes place at lowest level at farm,
    enterprise, household, individuals level!!!!
  • Sustainability level of development results from
    myriad of individual decisions !!!
  • If so, what are the key tools instrument to
    influence such numerous decisions?

6
Introduction and reaching common language (4)
  • Relation between economy nature

7
Introduction and reaching common language (5)
Commerciality of goods services flows
8
Definition of pro-biodiversity enterprise
  • A pro-biodiversity enterprise is dependent on
    biodiversity for its core business and
    contributes to biodiversity conservation through
    that core business
  • Development strategy based on long term
    dependence on biodiversity and hence its
    protection
  • Dedicated to achieving both economic and
    biodiversity benefits
  • Primary, secondary and tertiary level of
    activities
  • Chain of custody
  • First of all business, enterprise achieving
    income and realizing profit
  • Second biodiversity opportunities and
    constraints environmentally conditional - has
    to deliver biodiversity benefits
  • Third it s based on biodiversity and
    biodiversity is its indispensable component of a
    development strategy

9
Status and Opportunities (1)
  • Number and surface of high nature value areas,
    biodiversity status and richness, ecosystem
    services
  • Status of pro-biodiversity sector and
    objectives addressed to (what is now and what we
    want to achieve within the time deadline and
    budgets available)
  • Types and number of enterprises
    biodiversity/natural resources dependent
  • Existing and future pro-biodiversity businesses,
    intensified creation of new demanded businesses
  • Policy framework (EU policies and communications,
    SDS, Lisbon and Europe 2020 Strategies)
  • International commitments Millennium Goals,
    Earth Summit Johannesburg, CBD Decisions
  • Enterprises tend to differentiate themselves upon
    environment and biodiversity concerns
  • People tend to value nature as determining
    quality of life and are more ready to pay for.
  • Promotion of green business and development of
    new jobs in rural areas.
  • High nature value areas management costs are
    reduced by growth of suitable SME business
    operations.

10
Status and Opportunities (2)
As pro-biodiversity business is biodiversity
based the major opportunity is the biodiversity
itselfThe more biodiversity the more opportunity
!
  • Up to 25 of EU
  • 1 000 000 km2
  • Over 25,000 sites
  • Unattainable annual management costs 6 - 10
    billion for EU27

11
Status and Opportunities (3)
  • A series of business sectors have been identified
    that use biodiversity as a resource
  • SMEs are active in all key ecosystems
  • Many SMEs use biodiversity as their primary
    resource
  • Many SMEs operate within Natura 2000 sites and
    protected areas

12
Status and Opportunities (4)
13
Status and Opportunities (5)
14
Size structure of potential PBBs in Poland
Status and Opportunities (6)
15
Constraints and Barriers (1)
  • Pro-biodiversity business - is it a matter of
    choice or public strategy to effectively
    support/add the nature conservation sector?
  • Weak and ineffective enabling framework
  • Approach and behavior towards business, language
    and knowledge format
  • Lack of transparent set up protection and
    management plans, lack of business opportunity
    plans, regional strategies, spatial development
  • Investment risk and uncertainty, unpredictable
    changes in policies, regulations and
    administrative/fiscal practices
  • Number and size of enterprises, scattered and
    remote distribution
  • Miscommunication of Natura 2000 - is often seen
    as being bad for business and bad for
    development.

16
Constraints and Barriers (2)
  • The lack of practical know-how within both the
    SMEs and the financial institution sector with
    regard to the potential of enterprise development
    in N2000 sites and the natural conditions
    affecting investment projects
  • The banking sectors disregard of the market
    niches of SMEs that depend on natural resources
    and are located in high natural value areas
  • The high risk to investments caused by a lack of
    management plans for N2000 sites and a lack of
    protection plans for other areas
  • A lack of professional advisory services or tools
    for the identification and assessment of
    commercial investment projects in N2000 sites,
    which could ensure positive economic as well as
    nature outcomes
  • A lack of access to funding sources and suitable
    financial instruments as well as a lack of
    procedures that are friendly to SMEs

17
Preconditions and Requirements (1)
  • Supportive enabling framework and incentives
  • National/regional/local governments and
    self-governments have to want to develop green
    economy
  • Integration of sectoral policies and strategies
    on all levels
  • Integration of instruments and available
    resources within rural development
    policies/strategies
  • Time and costs effective EIA framework and
    procedures
  • Providing financial incentives for enterprises
    and farmers grants, preferential loans/credits,
    micro-credits, loan insurance/guarantee schemes,
    green taxes,
  • Local governments/self-governments welcoming
    green investments by creating special
    pro-biodiversity economy zones, tax vacation
    zones, providing required information,
    feasibility studies, demand studies, laying
    infrastructure

18
Preconditions and Requirements (2)
  • Building on local/regional natural and cultural
    heritage
  • Using legal and certification framework of
    local/regional products
  • Developing local/regional business strategies and
    providing complete offer goods and services
  • Purposeful efforts to creation or expansion of
    pro-biodiversity investments market niche
  • Specificity of pro-biodiversity entrepreneurship
    and building pro-biodiversity entrepreneurs
  • Knowledge transfer and technical assistance

19
Preconditions and Requirements (3)
  • Development framework - knowing where one can do
    what
  • Ecological network framework ECONET, PEEN,
    Natura 2000
  • Protection/management plans
  • Spatial development plans
  • Rural development plans
  • Ecosystem based approach, business opportunity
    plans followed by incentives system

20
Preconditions and Requirements (4)
  • Merging biodiversity and financial expertise
  • Using pool of existing information knowledge
  • Providing biodiversity expertise in a format
    accessible for business
  • Using a bespoke methodology for identifying and
    prioritizing potential pro-biodiversity
    businesses
  • Innovative and visionary approach approach,
    financial mechanisms, creating clusters
  • Creating new type of innovative and knowledge
    based entrepreneur

21
Preconditions and Requirements (5)
  • Accessible and attractive preferential loans to
    SMEs for development of pro-biodiversity
    investments
  • Incentivised finance and technical support for
    banks
  • Advisory service providing technical assistance
    that connects SMEs, site managers and banks
  • Natura 2000 PA management prescriptions from
    which investment criteria can be developed

22
Conclusions (1)
  • Innovative thinking much desired !!!
  • Variety of business opportunities and sustainable
    use options available
  • Need for involvement of pro-biodiversity small
    and medium enterprises (SMEs)
  • Meeting decisions and resolution on private
    business involvement into biodiversity protection

23
Conclusions (2)
  • SMEs are an essential element of rural economies
    and are key to long-term Natura 2000 PA
    management.
  • Pro-biodiversity business activities help to
    implement and maintain Natura 2000 PA.
  • Preferential SME loan facilities are proven to
    encourage specific desired business development.
  • Financial crisis is an opportunity to develop a
    highly transferable and innovative green
    business stimulus
  • EU 2013 2020 financial perspective should offer
    significantly more pro-biodiversity business
    development opportunities..

24
Conclusions (3)
  • Pro-biodiversity business is not a step back but
    challenge of the immediate future
  • It is innovative and knowledge based approach,
    hence well suiting objective of Europe 2020
    strategy
  • It requires approach in terms and scale of rural
    development and consequently integrating policies
    and instruments of various sectors and policies
  • PBBs are not a domain of nature conservation only
    and reflect process if integrating biodiversity
    concerns into daily practices on enterprise and
    farm level

25
Conclusions (4)
  • Integration of biodiversity into sectoral
    policies and practices remains still much valid
  • .but
  • Educating, motivating and empowering local
    decision makers and environment users at lowest
    level is equally important
  • In steadily deepening European democracy
    community based management is more important than
    ever before
  • Public-private partnership is a key word for
    beyond 2010
  • Supporting development of pro-biodiversity
    business is the tool to protect biodiversity
    beyond Protected Areas

26
What are the key SME business sectors?
27
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28
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29
Thank for your attention !!!
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