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Music in The Renaissance (1450-1600)

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Music in The Renaissance (1450-1600) Music before 1750 Renaissance time line 1450-1500 Josquin Desprez: Ave Maria Virgo Serena (c. 1475) Arts and letters ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Music in The Renaissance (1450-1600)


1
Music in The Renaissance (1450-1600)
  • Music before 1750

2
Renaissance time line
  • 1450-1500
  • Josquin Desprez
  • Ave MariaVirgo Serena (c. 1475)
  • Arts and letters Botticelli, La Primavera
    (1477)
  • Historical events
  • Fall of Constantinople (1453)
  • Gutenberg Bible (1456)
  • Columbus reaches America (1492)

3
Renaissance time line
  • 1500-1600
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
  • Pope Marcellus Mass (1563)
  • Leonardo Da Vinci, Mona Lisa (c. 1503)
  • Michelangelo, David (1504)
  • Raphael, School of Athens
  • (1505)
  • Titan, Venus and the Lute Player
  • (c. 1570)

4
The Renaissance
  • Rebirth, or renaissance of human creativity
  • Period of exploration and adventure (Columbus,
    Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan)
  • Curiosity and individualism (Raphael, Leonardo da
    Vinci). Interest in realism
  • Humanism
  • Catholic Church is less powerful than during
    Middle Ages Martin Luthers Protestant
    Reformation
  • More books are printed in Europe

5
Music in the Renaissance 1450-1600
  • Every educated person is expected to be trained
    in music
  • Renaissance town musicians higher pay and status
  • Flemish composers parts of the Netherlands,
    Belgium, and northern France. Germany, England
    and Spain other countries with a vibrant
    musical life

6
Characteristics of Renaissance music
  • Words and music
  • Vocal music is more important than instrumental
  • Music enhances the meaning and emotion of the
    text. Word painting musical representation of
    specific poetic images
  • Moderate, balanced way of expression no extreme
    contrasts of dynamics, tone color or rhythm

7
Characteristics of Renaissance music
  • Texture
  • Chiefly polyphonic. 4, 5 or 6 voice parts with
    equal melodic interest
  • Imitation is common
  • Homophonic texture is also used
  • Fuller sound than medieval bass register
  • Mild and relaxed consonant chords.
  • Golden age of a cappella

8
Characteristics of Renaissance music
  • Rhythm and melody
  • Rhythm is a gentle flow Each melodic line has
    great rhythmic independence
  • Melody usually moves along a scale with few large
    leaps

9
Sacred music in the Renaissance
  • 2 main forms Motet and Mass
  • Motet polyphonic choral work set to sacred
    Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass
  • Mass polyphonic choral work with 5 sections
  • Kyrie
  • Gloria
  • Credo
  • Sanctus
  • Agnus Dei

10
Josquin Desprez (1440-1521) and the Motet
  • A Flemish composer from Belgium, contemporary of
    Leonardo Da Vinci and Columbus
  • Ave Mariavirgo serena 4-voice motet
  • Texture is varied polyphonic and homophonic
  • Duple/triple meter change

11
Palestrina (1525-1594)and the Mass
  • Italian Renaissance composer Giovanni Pierluigi
    da Palestrina
  • 104 masses and some 450 other sacred works
  • For centuries, his masses are regarded as models
    of church music

12
Palestrinas Pope Marcellus Mass
  • A capella choir SATTBB
  • Kyrie 1st section of the mass
  • Kyrie Eleison
  • Christe Eleison
  • Kyrie Eleison

13
Secular music
  • Vocal music
  • groups of solo voices with the accompaniment.
    Word painting was common
  • Madrigal a piece for several solo voices set to
    a short poem, usually about love. Combines
    homophonic and polyphonic textures. More unusual
    harmonies
  • Originated in Italy around 1520. Became popular
    in England. English madrigals are lighter and
    more humorous than Italian
  • As Vesta Was Descending by Thomas Weelkes
    (1575-1623), and organist and church composer

14
The Renaissance Ballet (Fa-La)
  • A simpler type of secular vocal music
  • A dance-like song for several voices
  • Mostly homophonic in structure. Fa-la syllables
    are used as refrain
  • Now Is the Month of Maying (1595) by Thomas
    Morley (1557-1603), English composer
  • Each stanza
  • AA refrain BB - refrain

15
Instrumental music
  • Instrumental music becomes more independent
  • Most music is for dance
  • Pavane or passamezzo duple meter
  • Galliard triple meter
  • Harpsichord, organ, lute, recorder, trumpet,
    cornett, sackbut (early trombone), viol, regal
    (small organ with reed pipes), shawm (ancestor of
    the oboe)
  • Instrumental form of theme and variations

16
The Venetian School from Renaissance to Baroque
  • 16th century Venice a center of instrumental
    and vocal music
  • Venetian School music directors and organists
    of St. Marks Cathedral and their colleagues

17
Giovanni Gabrieli (1555-1612)and the polychoral
motet
  • The most important Venetian composer of the late
    Renaissance before Monteverdi
  • Polychoral motets motets for 2 or more choirs,
    often with instrumentalists
  • Plaudite (Clap Your Hands), 1597. Written for a
    large vocal and instrumental ensemble of 12 voice
    parts divided into 3 choirs low, middle and high
    register choirs
  • The homophonic structure of this piece brings it
    closer to Baroque style
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